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Solutions for Chapter 24.4: Phospholipids
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Elements that have incompletely filled 5f subshells or readily give rise to cations that have incompletely filled 5f subshells. (7.9)
The conjugate base of an alcohol.
A carbon atom that is immediately adjacent to a benzene ring.
A nuclear decay process where a beta particle is emitted from the nucleus; also called beta decay. (Section 21.1)
An electrode at which reduction occurs. (Section 20.3)
A structure that bears a positive charge.
The most stable nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring; all bond angles are approximately 109.5°, and all bonds on adjacent carbons are staggered.
A type of double-stranded DNA in which the 59 and 39 ends of each strand are joined by phosphodiester groups.
A naturally occurring solid containing hydrocarbons of high molecular weight, as well as compounds containing sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen. (Section 5.8)
A shift of an equilibrium induced by an ion common to the equilibrium. For example, added Na2SO4 decreases the solubility of the slightly soluble salt BaSO4, or added NaF decreases the percent ionization of HF. (Section 17.1)
The process in which molecules, ions, or atoms come together to form a crystalline solid. (Section 13.2)
The structure for DNA that involves the winding of two DNA polynucleotide chains together in a helical arrangement. The two strands of the double helix are complementary in that the organic bases on the two strands are paired for optimal hydrogen bond interaction. (Section 24.10)
A system to specify the confi guration of groups about a carbon-carbon double bond
The mixing of different types of atomic orbitals to produce a set of equivalent hybrid orbitals. (Section 9.5)
In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which radicals are created.
quaternary ammonium salt
An ionic compound containing a positively charged nitrogen atom connected to four alkyl groups.
An intermediate that has both a negative charge and an unpaired electron.
A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is two.
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with two p orbitals to form three hybridized atomic orbitals.
standard atmospheric pressure
Defined as 760 torr or, in SI units, 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2)