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Solutions for Chapter 24.6: Prostaglandins
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A carbon atom adjacent to a carbonyl group
The increase in energy associated with a bond angle that has deviated from the preferred angle of 109.5°.
atomic mass unit (amu).
A mass exactly equal to 1 12th the mass of one carbon-12 atom. (3.1)
beta (b) anomer
The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose, in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is cis to the CH2OH group.
Organic material that bacteria are able to oxidize. (Section 18.4)
The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the external atmospheric pressure. (11.8)
Bond dipole moment
A measure of the polarity of a covalent bond. The product of the charge on either atom of a polar bond times the distance between the atoms
Streams of electrons that are produced when a high voltage is applied to electrodes in an evacuated tube. (Section 2.2)
The most stable nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring; all bond angles are approximately 109.5°, and all bonds on adjacent carbons are staggered.
A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.
A solid that possesses rigid and long-range order; its atoms, molecules, or ions occupy specific positions. (11.4)
A reaction in which a nonspontaneous redox reaction is brought about by the passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. The devices in which electrolysis reactions occur are called electrolytic cells. (Section 20.9)
CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.
Bonding that results from intermolecular attractions between molecules containing hydrogen bonded to an electronegative element. The most important examples involve OH, NH, and HF. (Section 11.2)
Solids that are composed of ions. (Section 12.1)
A cyclic ester.
A magneticfield generated by a spinning proton.
A compound that does not rotate plane-polarized light.
The energy that can be released if given an opportunity
A reaction in which one stereoisomer is formed in preference to all others. A stereoselective reaction may be enantioselective or diastereoselective, as the case may be.