Solutions for Chapter 25.5: Reactions of Amino Acids
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A peroxide for which each oxygen atom is connected to an acyl group. Acyl peroxides are often used as radical initiators, because the O!O bond is especially weak.
Hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n12, where n 5 1,2, . . . . (24.2)
A compound that contains both an amino group and a carboxyl group
The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the external atmospheric pressure. (11.8)
Valence electrons involved in forming a covalent bond (i.e., shared electrons).
A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.
The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)
An intramolecular Claisen condensation.
A cyclohexene resulting from the cycloaddition reaction of a diene and a dienophile.
A bond that results from the force of attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
One that occurs at constant temperature. (Section 19.1)
Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.
A mathematical description of an electron that incorporates its wavelike properties.
A compound with a weak bond that undergoes homolytic bond cleavage with great ease, producing radicals that can initiate a radical chain process.
The study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.
The energy required to pair an electron with another electron occupying an orbital. (Section 23.6)
Compounds that have the same constitution but differ in the 3D arrangement of atoms.
A plant or animal lipid having the characteristic tetracyclic ring structure of the steroid nucleus, namely three sixmembered rings and one fi ve-membered ring.
Fibrous proteins that are used for their structural rigidity. Examples include a-keratins found in hair, nails, skin, feathers, and wool.
Valence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR)
A method for predicting bond angles based on the idea that electron pairs repel each other and keep as far apart as possible.
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