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Solutions for Chapter 26.3: Nucleotides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
An object that lacks chirality; an object that has no handedness
An organic compound that has an NR2 group attached to a carbonyl. (Section 24.4)
The enthalpy change, ?H, required to break a particular bond when the substance is in the gas phase. (Section 8.8)
A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)
The process by which a metal is oxidized by substances in its environment. (Section 20.8)
A situation in which two or more orbitals have the same energy. (Section 6.7)
The structure of the transition state for an exothermic step looks more like the reactants of that step than the products. Conversely, the structure of the transition state for an endothermic step looks more like the products of that step than the reactants.
A complex whose electrons populate the d orbitals to give the maximum number of unpaired electrons. (Section 23.6)
Any molecular vibration that leads to a substantial change in dipole moment and is observed in an IR spectrum.
The attractive forces between molecules.
A group that directs the regiochemistry of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction such that the incoming electrophile is installed at the ortho or para positions.
oxidation number (oxidation state)
A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)
A reaction that takes place in a single step, without intermediates, and involves a cyclic redistribution of bonding electrons
An interaction in which nuclear spins of adjacent atoms infl uence each other and lead to the spitting of NMR signals.
standard atomic weight
The weighted averages for each element, which takes into account isotopic abundance.
The study of three-dimensional arrangements of atoms in molecules
A synthetictechnique for preparing racemic a-amino acidsfrom aldehydes.
A prefi x meaning across from.
A protein used to transport molecules or ions from one location to another. Hemoglobin is a classic example of a transport protein, used to transport molecular oxygen from the lungs to all the tissues of the body.
A net neutral compound that exhibits charge separation. Amino acids exist as zwitterions at physiological pH.