Solutions for Chapter 27.13: Polycarbonates
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.
The Group 1A elements (Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr). (2.4)
A two-step process that achieves Markovnikov addition of an alcohol (H and OR) across an alkene. The product of this process is an ether.
A compound that has the general formula R3N, where R may be H or a hydrocarbon group. (Section 16.7)
An equation that relates the rate constant for a reaction to the frequency factor, A, the activation energy, Ea, and the temperature, T: k = Ae-Ea>RT. In its logarithmic form it is written ln k = -Ea>RT + ln A. (Section 14.5)
A statement that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of molecules. (Section 10.3)
In 13C NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which all 13C!1H splitting is suppressed with the use of two rf transmitters.
A plant pigment that plays a major role in conversion of solar energy to chemical energy in photosynthesis. (Section 23.3)
In gas chromatography, a plot that identifies the retention time of each compound in the mixture.
The 3D spatial orientation of the groups connected to a chirality center (R or S ) or of the groups in a stereoisiomeric alkene (E or Z).
The isotope of hydrogen whose nucleus contains a proton and a neutron: 2 1H. (Section 22.2)
A reaction in which an amino group is treated with excess methyl iodide, thereby converting it into an excellent leaving group, followed by treatment with a strong base to give an E2 reaction that yields an alkene.
A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.
The energy required to remove an electron from a gaseous atom when the atom is in its ground state. (Section 7.4)
A monosaccharide containing a ketone group.
A cyclic ester.
On an aromatic ring, the C3 position.
A compound that contains a carbon-metal bond.
The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N >m2 . (Section 10.2)
second law of thermodynamics
A statement of our experience that there is a direction to the way events occur in nature. When a process occurs spontaneously in one direction, it is nonspontaneous in the reverse direction. It is possible to state the second law in many different forms, but they all relate back to the same idea about spontaneity. One of the most common statements found in chemical contexts is that in any spontaneous process the entropy of the universe increases. (Section 19.2)
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