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Solutions for Chapter 3: Organic Chemistry 8th Edition

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780321768414

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Solutions for Chapter 3

Solutions for Chapter 3
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. Chapter 3 includes 48 full step-by-step solutions. Since 48 problems in chapter 3 have been answered, more than 399288 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321768414.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activity series

    A list of metals in order of decreasing ease of oxidation. (Section 4.4)

  • alkoxymercuration-demercuration

    A two-step process that achieves Markovnikov addition of an alcohol (H and OR) across an alkene. The product of this process is an ether.

  • anode

    An electrode at which oxidation occurs. (Section 20.3)

  • autooxidation

    The slow oxidation of organic compounds that occurs in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.

  • base-dissociation constant (Kb)

    An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)

  • cathode rays

    Streams of electrons that are produced when a high voltage is applied to electrodes in an evacuated tube. (Section 2.2)

  • critical mass.

    The minimum mass of fissionable material required to generate a self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction. (19.5)

  • cubic close packing

    A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as close as possible, and the close-packed layers of atoms adopt a three-layer repeating pattern that leads to a face-centered cubic unit cell. (Section 12.3)

  • diamagnetic anisotropy

    An effect that causes different regions of space to be characterized by different magnetic field strengths.

  • Dihedral angle

    The angle created by two intersecting planes.

  • Downfield

    A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the left (larger chemical shift) on the chart paper.

  • fatty acids

    Long-chain carboxylic acids.

  • hybrid orbital

    An orbital that results from the mixing of different kinds of atomic orbitals on the same atom. For example, an sp3 hybrid results from the mixing, or hybridizing, of one s orbital and three p orbitals. (Section 9.5)

  • Oil

    When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature

  • Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)

    A hydrocarbon containing two or more fused benzene rings

  • quaternary structure

    The structure that arises when a protein consists of two or more folded polypeptide chains that aggregate to form one protein complex.

  • retrosynthetic analysis

    A systematic set of principles that enable the design of a synthetic route by working backward from the desired product.

  • s-trans

    A conformation of a conjugateddiene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is translike (a dihedral angle of 180°).

  • Sanger dideoxy method

    A method developed by Frederick Sanger for sequencing DNA molecules

  • Valence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR)

    A method for predicting bond angles based on the idea that electron pairs repel each other and keep as far apart as possible.