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Solutions for Chapter 3: Organic Chemistry 8th Edition

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780321768414

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Solutions for Chapter 3

Solutions for Chapter 3
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. Chapter 3 includes 48 full step-by-step solutions. Since 48 problems in chapter 3 have been answered, more than 205526 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321768414.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Helix

    A type of secondary structure in which a section of polypeptide chain coils into a spiral, most commonly a right-handed spiral.

  • absolute temperature scale.

    A temperature scale that uses the absolute zero of temperature as the lowest temperature. (5.3)

  • acid.

    A substance that yields hydrogen ions (H1) when dissolved in water. (2.7)

  • acyl peroxide

    A peroxide for which each oxygen atom is connected to an acyl group. Acyl peroxides are often used as radical initiators, because the O!O bond is especially weak.

  • anti-Markovnikov addition

    An addition reaction in which a hydrogen atom is installed at the more substituted vinylic position and another group (such as a halogen) is installed at the less substituted vinylic position.

  • Birch reduction

    A reaction in which benzene is reduced to give 1,4-cyclohexadiene.

  • Chain length

    The number of times the cycle of chain propagation steps repeats in a chain reaction.

  • Clemmensen reduction

    A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.

  • coupling (of radicals)

    A radical process in which two radicals join together and form a bond.

  • crystal-field theory

    A theory that accounts for the colors and the magnetic and other properties of transition-metal complexes in terms of the splitting of the energies of metal ion d orbitals by the electrostatic interaction with the ligands. (Section 23.6)

  • exothermic process

    A process in which a system releases heat to its surroundings. (Section 5.2)

  • fission

    The splitting of a large nucleus into two smaller ones. (Section 21.6)

  • Heat of combustion (DH0 )

    Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.

  • hydrolysis

    A reaction in which bonds are cleaved by treatment with water.

  • Le Châtelier’s principle

    A principle stating that when we disturb a system at chemical equilibrium, the relative concentrations of reactants and

  • Nucleophilic substitution

    Any reaction in which one nucleophile is substituted for another at a tetravalent carbon atom.

  • nucleotide

    Compounds formed from a molecule of phosphoric acid, a sugar molecule, and an organic nitrogen base. Nucleotides form linear polymers called DNA and RNA, which are involved in protein synthesis and cell reproduction. (Section 24.10)

  • polyatomic ion

    An electrically charged group of two or more atoms. (Section 2.7)

  • pressure

    A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry, pressure is often expressed in units of atmospheres (atm) or torr: 760 torr = 1 atm; in SI units pressure is expressed in pascals (Pa). (Section 10.2)

  • resonance stabilization

    The stabilization associated with the delocalization of electrons via resonance.

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