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Solutions for Chapter 4: Organic Chemistry 8th Edition

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780321768414

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Solutions for Chapter 4

Solutions for Chapter 4
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

Chapter 4 includes 57 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321768414. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. Since 57 problems in chapter 4 have been answered, more than 395589 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acyl peroxide

    A peroxide for which each oxygen atom is connected to an acyl group. Acyl peroxides are often used as radical initiators, because the O!O bond is especially weak.

  • aldehydes.

    Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)

  • Bond dissociation enthalpy

    The amount of energy required to break a bond into two radicals in the gas phase at 25°C, A!B !> A• 1 •B

  • chemistry.

    The study of matter and the changes it undergoes. (1.1)

  • Clemmensen reduction

    A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.

  • density

    The ratio of an object’s mass to its volume. (Section 1.4)

  • lanthanide (rare earth) element

    Element in which the 4f subshell is only partially occupied. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)

  • levorotatory

    A compound thatrotates plane-polarized light in a counterclockwisedirection (-).

  • Newman projection

    A way to view a molecule by looking along a carbon-carbon single bond

  • observed rotation

    The extent to which plane-polarized light is rotated by a solution of a chiral compound.

  • Oligosaccharide

    A carbohydrate containing four to ten monosaccharide units, each joined to the next by a glycosidic bond.

  • pi 1P2 bond

    A covalent bond in which electron density is concentrated above and below the internuclear axis. (Section 9.6)

  • polar aprotic solvent

    A solvent that lacks hydrogen atoms connected directly to an electronegative atom.

  • Polysaccharide

    A carbohydrate containing a large number of monosaccharide units, each joined to the next by one or more glycosidic bonds.

  • R (Section 3.3)

    From the Latin, rectus, straight, correct; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is clockwise.

  • Raman spectroscopy

    A vibrational molecular spectroscopy that is complementary to infrared (IR) spectroscopy in that infrared inactive vibrations are seen in Raman spectroscopy.

  • Reduction

    The gain of electrons. Alternatively, either the gain of hydrogen, loss of oxygen, or both

  • second-order reaction

    A reaction in which the overall reaction order (the sum of the concentration- term exponents) in the rate law is 2. (Section 14.4)

  • SN2 reaction

    A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

  • sulfone

    A compound that contains a sulfur atom that has double bonds with two oxygen atoms and is flanked on both sides by R groups.