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Solutions for Chapter 3: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 3

Solutions for Chapter 3
4 5 0 362 Reviews
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Chapter 3 includes 117 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 117 problems in chapter 3 have been answered, more than 1114160 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • amino sugars

    Carbohydrate derivatives in which an OH group has been replaced with an amino group.

  • asymmetric stretching

    In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching out of phase with each other.

  • azide synthesis

    A method for preparing primary amines that avoids the formation of secondary and tertiary amines.

  • carbohydrates

    A class of substances formed from polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. (Section 24.8)

  • carboxylic acids.

    Acids that contain the carboxyl group —COOH. (24.4)

  • complex ion.

    An ion containing a central metal cation bonded to one or more molecules or ions. (16.10)

  • Covalent bond

    A chemical bond formed between two atoms by sharing one or more pairs of electrons.

  • curie

    A measure of radioactivity: 1 curie = 3.7 * 1010 nuclear disintegrations per second. (Section 21.4)

  • debye (D)

    A unit of measure fordipole moments, where 1 debye = 10-18 esu×cm.

  • Endergonic reaction

    A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is higher than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an endergonic reaction favors starting materials

  • free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)

    A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)

  • molal freezing-point-depression constant (Kf)

    A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the decrease in freezing point as a function of solution molality: ?Tf = -Kf m. (Section 13.5)

  • Nucleophile

    From the Greek meaning nucleus-loving. Any species that can donate a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis base

  • Polypeptide

    A macromolecule containing many amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond

  • precipitate

    An insoluble substance that forms in, and separates from, a solution. (Section 4.2)

  • sodium cyanoborohydride

    A selective reducing agent (NaBH3CN) that can be used for reductive amination.

  • solid

    Matter that has both a definite shape and a definite volume. (Section 1.2)

  • triplet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of three peaks.

  • Valence Bond Theory

    A model of bonding that places electron pairs between adjacent atoms to create bonds.

  • Zwitterion

    An internal salt of an amino acid; the carboxylate is negatively charged, and the ammonium group is positively charged