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Solutions for Chapter 10: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 10

Solutions for Chapter 10
4 5 0 395 Reviews
10
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 10 includes 115 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Since 115 problems in chapter 10 have been answered, more than 377966 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • atomic radius

    An estimate of the size of an atom. See bonding atomic radius. (Section 7.3)

  • carbonyl group

    A CRO bond. carboxylic acid derivative (Sect. 21.6): A compound that is similar in structure to a carboxylic acid (RCOOH) but the OH group of the carboxylic acid has been replaced with a different group, Z, where Z is a heteroatom such as Cl, O, N, etc. Nitriles (R!C#N) are also considered to be carboxylic acid derivatives because they have the same oxidation state as carboxylic acids.

  • Coulomb’s law.

    The potential energy between two ions is directly proportional to the product of their charges and inversely proportional to the distance between them. (9.3)

  • dehydration

    An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and OH.

  • density

    The ratio of an object’s mass to its volume. (Section 1.4)

  • Energy diagram

    A graph showing the changes in energy that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis, and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis. Also called a reaction coordinate diagram

  • Equivalent hydrogens

    Hydrogens that have the same chemical environment

  • first-order reaction

    A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)

  • HOMO

    The highest occupied molecular orbital.

  • line spectrum

    A spectrum that contains radiation at only certain specific wavelengths. (Section 6.3)

  • linkage isomers

    Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which a ligand differs in its mode of attachment to a metal ion. (Section 23.4)

  • malonic ester synthesis

    Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.

  • Michael reaction

    A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a conjugated p system, resulting in a 1,4-addition.

  • n+1 rule

    In NMR spectroscopy, if n is the number of neighboring protons, then the multiplicity will be n+1.

  • nuclear model

    Model of the atom with a nucleus containing protons and neutrons and with electrons in the space outside the nucleus. (Section 2.2)

  • Optically active

    Refers to a compound that rotates the plane of plane-polarized light

  • Reaction coordinate diagram

    A graph showing the energy changes that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis.

  • Resolution

    Separation of a racemic mixture into its enantiomers; in mass spectrometry, a measure of how well a mass spectrometer separates ions of different mass.

  • sigma (s) bond

    A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.

  • sulfonation

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an SO3H group is installed on an aromatic ring.

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