Solutions for Chapter 10: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Solutions for Chapter 10

Solutions for Chapter 10
4 5 0 408 Reviews
10
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 10 includes 115 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Introductory Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Since 115 problems in chapter 10 have been answered, more than 241736 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkoxymercuration-demercuration

    A two-step process that achieves Markovnikov addition of an alcohol (H and OR) across an alkene. The product of this process is an ether.

  • Annulene

    A cyclic hydrocarbon with a continuous alternation of single and double bonds.

  • Brønsted-Lowry acid

    A proton donor

  • delocalization

    The spreading of a charge or lone pair as described by resonance theory.

  • Diastereomers

    Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of each other; refers to relationships among two or more objects

  • Hund’s rule

    When orbitals of equal energy are available but there are not enough electrons to fi ll all of them completely, one electron is put in each before a second electron is added to any

  • hydrophilic

    Water attracting. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)

  • ideal gas

    A hypothetical gas whose pressure, volume, and temperature behavior is completely described by the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)

  • Index of hydrogen defi ciency

    The sum of the number of rings and p bonds in a molecule.

  • Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.

  • internal alkyne

    A compound with the structure R!C#C!R, where each R group is not a hydrogen atom.

  • J value

    When signal splitting occurs in 1H NMR spectroscopy, the distance (in hertz) between the individual peaks of a signal.

  • kinetic-molecular theory

    A set of assumptions about the nature of gases. These assumptions, when translated into mathematical form, yield the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.7)

  • malonic ester synthesis

    Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.

  • Observed rotation

    the number of degrees through which a compound rotates the plane of polarized light

  • Oxymercuration-reduction

    A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with mercury(II) acetate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride.

  • ozonolysis

    A reaction in which the CRC bond of an alkene is cleaved to form two CRO bonds.

  • parent ion

    In mass spectrometry,the ion that is generated when the compound is ionized.

  • resonance structures

    A series of structures that are melded together (conceptually) to circumvent the inadequacies of bond-line drawings.

  • Specifi c rotation

    The observed rotation of the plane of polarized light when a sample is placed in a tube 1.0 dm in length and at a concentration of 1 g/mL for a solution. For a pure liquid, concentration is expressed in g/mL (density).

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