Solutions for Chapter 11: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Solutions for Chapter 11

Solutions for Chapter 11
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 11 includes 129 full step-by-step solutions. Since 129 problems in chapter 11 have been answered, more than 206070 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Introductory Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absolute zero

    The lowest attainable temperature; 0 K on the Kelvin scale and -273.15 °C on the Celsius scale. (Section 1.4)

  • Bredt’s rule

    A rule that states that it is not possible for a bridgehead carbon of a bicyclic system to possess a carbon carbon double bond if it involves a trans p bond being incorporated in a ring comprised of fewer than eight atoms.

  • chemical shift (d)

    In an NMR spectrum, the location of a signal, defined relative to the frequency of absorption of a reference compound, tetramethylsilane (TMS).

  • Diastereotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions

  • dienophile

    A compound that reacts with a diene in a Diels-Alder reaction.

  • diol

    A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH).

  • electrometallurgy

    The use of electrolysis to reduce or refine metals. (Section 20.9)

  • electrospray ionization (ESI):

    In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.

  • Ether

    A compound containing an oxygen atom bonded to two carbon atoms.

  • Fourier-transform NMR (FT-NMR)

    In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, a technique in which the sample is irradiated with a short pulse that covers the entire range of relevant rf frequencies.

  • hydrophobic

    A nonpolar group that does not have favorable interactions with water.

  • Michael reaction

    A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a conjugated p system, resulting in a 1,4-addition.

  • Phenol

    A compound that contains an !OH bonded to a benzene ring; a benzenol.

  • Primary structure of proteins

    The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain, read from the N-terminal amino acid to the C-terminal amino acid.

  • quaternary ammonium salt

    An ionic compound containing a positively charged nitrogen atom connected to four alkyl groups.

  • R,S System

    A set of rules for specifying absolute confi guration about a chiral center; also called the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog system

  • Rate determining step

    The step in a multistep reaction sequence that crosses the highest energy barrier.

  • regioselective

    A reaction that can produce two or more constitutional isomers but nevertheless produces one as the major product.

  • sp2 Hybrid orbital

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and two 2p atomic orbitals.

  • Synstereoselective

    The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to the same face of a carbon-carbon double bond.

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