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Solutions for Chapter 11: Gases

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 11: Gases

Solutions for Chapter 11
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Summary of Chapter 11: Gases

We define pressure and its units more thoroughly later in this chapter; for now think of pressure as the force exerted per unit area by gas molecules as they collide with the surfaces around them.

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 11: Gases includes 129 full step-by-step solutions. Since 129 problems in chapter 11: Gases have been answered, more than 1710940 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • addition reactions

    Reactions that are characterized by the addition of two groups across a double bond. In the process, the pi (p) bond is broken.

  • beta particles.

    See beta rays.

  • bomb calorimeter

    A device for measuring the heat evolved in the combustion of a substance under constant-volume conditions. (Section 5.5)

  • bond order.

    The difference between the numbers of electrons in bonding molecular orbitals and antibonding molecular orbitals, divided by two. (10.7)

  • coupling constant

    When signal splitting occurs in NMR spectroscopy, the distance between the individual peaks of a signal.

  • denatured protein.

    Protein that does not exhibit normal biological activities. (25.3)

  • dipole-dipole interactions

    Theresulting net attraction between two dipoles.

  • electrolysis reaction

    A reaction in which a nonspontaneous redox reaction is brought about by the passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. The devices in which electrolysis reactions occur are called electrolytic cells. (Section 20.9)

  • internal alkyne

    A compound with the structure R!C#C!R, where each R group is not a hydrogen atom.

  • lithium dialkyl cuprate

    A nucleophilic compound with the general structureR2CuLi.

  • Methylene

    A !CH2! group.

  • Oil

    When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature

  • Planck constant (h)

    The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)

  • pressure–volume (PV) work

    Work performed by expansion of a gas against a resisting pressure. (Section 5.3)

  • radioactive decay chain

    A series of nuclear reactions that begins with an unstable nucleus and terminates with a stable one. Also called nuclear disintegration series. (Section 21.2)

  • structural proteins

    Fibrous proteins that are used for their structural rigidity. Examples include a-keratins found in hair, nails, skin, feathers, and wool.

  • termolecular

    For mechanisms, a step that involves three chemical entities.

  • thermodynamic control

    A reaction for which the ratio of products is determined solely by the distribution of energy among the products.

  • thiols

    Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).

  • trigonal planar

    A geometry adopted by an atom with a steric number of 3. All three groups lie in one plane and are separated by 120°.