 11.23Q: Convert each measurement to atm.(a) 1277 mm Hg(b) 2.38 × 105 Pa(c) ...
 11.24Q: Convert each measurement to atm.(a) 921 torr(b) 4.8 × 104Pa(c) 87.5...
 11.25Q: Perform each conversion.(a) 2.3 atm to torr(b) 4.7 × 10?2 atm to mi...
 11.71P: ?A sample of gas has a mass of 38.8 mg. Its volume is 224 mL at a t...
 11.1Q: ?What is pressure?
 11.2Q: ?Explain how drinking from a straw works. What causes the beverage ...
 11.3Q: ?What are the main assumptions of kinetic molecular theory?
 11.4Q: ?Describe the main properties of a gas. How are these predicted by ...
 11.5Q: ?Why do we experience pain in our ears during changes in altitude?
 11.6Q: ?What units are used to measure pressure?
 11.7Q: ?What is Boyle’s law? Explain Boyle’s law from the perspective of k...
 11.8Q: ?Explain why scuba divers should not hold their breath as they asce...
 11.9Q: ?Why would it be impossible to breathe air through an extralong sn...
 11.10Q: ?What is Charles’s law? Explain Charles’s law from the perspective ...
 11.11Q: ?Explain why hotair balloons float above the ground.
 11.12Q: ?What is the combined gas law? When is it useful?
 11.13Q: What is Avogadro's law? Explain Avogadro's law from the perspective...
 11.14Q: What is the ideal gas law? When is it useful?
 11.15Q: ?Under what conditions is the ideal gas law most accurate? Under wh...
 11.16Q: ?What is partial pressure?
 11.17Q: ?What is Dalton’s law?
 11.18Q: ?Describe hypoxia and oxygen toxicity.
 11.19Q: ?Why do deepsea divers breathe a mixture of helium and oxygen?
 11.20Q: ?When a gas is collected over water, is the gas pure? Why or why not?
 11.21Q: ?What is vapor pressure?
 11.22Q: ?What is standard temperature and pressure (STP)? What is the molar...
 11.23P: ?Convert each measurement to atm.(a) \(1277 \mathrm{~mm}\ \mathrm{H...
 11.24P: ?Convert each measurement to atm.(a) \(921 \text { torr }\)(b) \(4....
 11.25P: ?Perform each conversion.(a) \(2.3 \text { atm to torr }\)(b) \(4.7...
 11.26P: ?Perform each conversion.(a) 1.06 atm to millimeters of mercury(b) ...
 11.28P: ?Complete the table.
 11.29P: ?The pressure in Denver, Colorado (5280ft elevation), averages abo...
 11.30P: ?The pressure on top of Mount Everest averages about 235 mm Hg. Con...
 11.31P: ?The North American record for highest recorded barometric pressure...
 11.33P: ?A sample of gas has an initial volume of 3.95 L at a pressure of 7...
 11.34P: A sample of gas has an initial volume of 22.8 L at a pressure of 1....
 11.35P: A snorkeler with a lung capacity of 6.3 L inhales a lungful of air ...
 11.36P: A scuba diver with a lung capacity of 5.2 L inhales at a depth of 4...
 11.37P: ?Use Boyle’s law to complete the table (assume temperature and numb...
 11.38P: ?Use Boyle’s law to complete the table (assume temperature and numb...
 11.39P: ?A balloon with an initial volume of 3.2 L at a temperature of 299 ...
 11.40P: ?A dramatic classroom demonstration involves cooling a balloon from...
 11.41P: ?A 48.3mL sample of gas in a cylinder equipped with a piston is wa...
 11.42P: ?A syringe containing 1.55 mL of oxygen gas is cooled from \(95.3^{...
 11.43P: Use Charles's law to complete the table (assume pressure and number...
 11.44P: Use Charles's law to complete the table (assume pressure and number...
 11.45P: ?A 0.12mole sample of nitrogen gas occupies a volume of 2.55 L. Wh...
 11.46P: ?A 0.48mole sample of helium gas occupies a volume of 11.7 L. What...
 11.47P: ?A balloon contains 0.128 mol of gas and has a volume of 2.76 L. If...
 11.48P: ?A cylinder with a moveable piston contains 0.87 mol of gas and has...
 11.49P: ?Use Avogadro’s law to complete the table (assume pressure and temp...
 11.50P: ?Use Avogadro’s law to complete the table (assume pressure and temp...
 11.51P: A sample of gas with an initial volume of 28.4 L at a pressure of 7...
 11.52P: ?A cylinder with a moveable piston contains 218 mL of nitrogen gas ...
 11.53P: A scuba diver takes a 2.8L balloon from the surface, where the pre...
 11.54P: ?A bag of potato chips contains 585 mL of air at \(25^{\circ} \math...
 11.55P: ?A gas sample with a volume of 5.3 L has a pressure of 735 mm Hg at...
 11.56P: ?The total pressure in a 11.7L automobile tire is 44 psi at \(11^{...
 11.57P: ?Use the combined gas law to complete the table (assume the number ...
 11.58P: ?Use the combined gas law to complete the table (assume the number ...
 11.59P: ?What is the volume occupied by 0.255 mol of helium gas at 1.25 atm...
 11.60P: ?What is the pressure in a 20.0L cylinder filled with 0.683 mol of...
 11.61P: ?A cylinder contains 28.5 L of oxygen gas at a pressure of 1.8 atm ...
 11.62P: ?What is the temperature of 0.52 mol of gas at a pressure of 1.3 at...
 11.63P: ?A cylinder contains 11.8 L of air at a total pressure of 43.2 psi ...
 11.64P: ?What is the pressure in millimeters of mercury of 0.0115 mol of he...
 11.65P: ?Use the ideal gas law to complete the table.
 11.66P: ?Use the ideal gas law to complete the table.
 11.67P: ?How many moles of gas must be forced into a 3.5L ball to give it ...
 11.68P: ?How many moles of gas must be forced into a 4.8L tire to give it ...
 11.69P: An experiment shows that a 248mL gas sample has a mass of 0.433 g ...
 11.70P: An experiment shows that a 113mL gas sample has a mass of 0.171 g ...
 11.71Q: PROBLEM 71Q A sample of gas has a mass of 38.8 mg. Its volume is 22...
 11.72P: ?A sample of gas has a mass of 0.555 g. Its volume is 117 mL at a t...
 11.73P: ?A gas mixture contains each gas at the indicated partial pressure....
 11.74P: ?A gas mixture contains each gas at the indicated partial pressure....
 11.75P: ?A heliox deepsea diving mixture delivers an oxygen partial pressu...
 11.76P: ?A mixture of helium, nitrogen, and oxygen has a total pressure of ...
 11.77P: ?The hydrogen gas formed in a chemical reaction is collected over w...
 11.78P: ?The oxygen gas emitted from an aquatic plant during photosynthesis...
 11.79P: ?A gas mixture contains 78% nitrogen and 22% oxygen. If the total p...
 11.80P: ?An air sample contains 0.038% \(\mathrm{CO}_{2}\). If the total pr...
 11.81P: ?A heliox deepsea diving mixture contains 4.0% oxygen and 96.0% he...
 11.82P: ?A scuba diver breathing normal air descends to 100 m of depth, whe...
 11.83P: ?Calculate the volume of each gas sample at STP.(a) 22.5 mol \(\mat...
 11.84P: ?Calculate the volume of each gas sample at STP.(a) 21.2 mol \(\mat...
 11.85P: ?Calculate the volume of each gas sample at STP.(a) 73.9 g \(N_{2}\...
 11.86P: ?Calculate the volume of each gas sample at STP.(a) 48.9 g \(\mathr...
 11.87P: ?Calculate the mass of each gas sample at STP.(a) 178 mL \(\mathrm{...
 11.88P: Calculate the mass of each gas sample at STP.(a) 5.82 L NO(b) 0.324...
 11.89P: Consider the chemical reaction:C(s) + H2O(g) ? CO(g) + H2OHow many ...
 11.90P: ?Consider the chemical reaction:\(2 \mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(\math...
 11.91P: ?\(\mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{OH}\) can be synthesized by the reaction...
 11.92P: ?Oxygen gas reacts with powdered aluminum according to the reaction...
 11.93P: ?Nitrogen reacts with powdered aluminum according to the reaction:\...
 11.94P: ?Sodium reacts with chlorine gas according to the reaction:\(2\ \ma...
 11.95P: ?How many grams of \({N H}_{3}\) form when 24.8 L of \({H}_{2}\)( g...
 11.96P: ?Lithium reacts with nitrogen gas according to the reaction:\(6\ \m...
 11.97P: ?How many grams of calcium are consumed when 156.8 mL of oxygen gas...
 11.98P: ?How many grams of magnesium oxide form when 14.8 L of oxygen gas, ...
 11.99P: ?Use the ideal gas law to show that the molar volume of a gas at ST...
 11.100P: ?Use the ideal gas law to show that 28.0 g of nitrogen gas and 4.00...
 11.101P: ?The mass of an evacuated 255mL flask is 143.187 g. The mass of th...
 11.102P: ?A 118mL flask is evacuated, and its mass is measured as 97.129 g....
 11.103P: ?A gaseous compound containing hydrogen and carbon is decomposed an...
 11.104P: ?A gaseous compound containing hydrogen and carbon is decomposed an...
 11.105P: The reaction between zinc and hydrochloric acid is carried out as a...
 11.106P: ?Consider the reaction:\(2\ \mathrm{NiO}(\mathrm{s}) \rightarrow 2\...
 11.107P: ?How many grams of hydrogen are collected in a reaction where 1.78 ...
 11.108P: ?How many grams of oxygen are collected in a reaction where 235 mL ...
 11.109P: ?The decomposition of a silver oxide sample forms 15.8 g of Ag(s):\...
 11.110P: ?The following reaction consumes 2.45 kg of CO(g):\(\mathrm{CO}(g)+...
 11.111P: ?When hydrochloric acid is poured over a sample of sodium bicarbona...
 11.112P: When hydrochloric acid is poured over potassium sulfide, 42.9 mL of...
 11.114P: ?Consider the reaction:\(P_{4}(s)+6\ \mathrm{H}_{2}(g) \rightarrow ...
 11.115P: Consider the reaction for the synthesis of nitric acid:3 NO2(g) + H...
 11.116P: ?Consider the reaction for the production of \({N O}_{2}\) from NO:...
 11.117P: ?Ammonium carbonate decomposes upon heating according to the balanc...
 11.118P: ?Ammonium nitrate decomposes explosively upon heating according to ...
 11.119P: ?A mixture containing 235 mg of helium and 325 mg of neon has a tot...
 11.120P: ?A mixture containing 4.33 g of \(\mathrm{CO}_{2}\) and 3.11 g of \...
 11.121P: ?Consider the reaction:\(2\ \mathrm{SO}_{2}(g)+\mathrm{O}_{2}(g) \r...
 11.122P: ?Consider the reaction:\(\mathrm{CO}(g)+2\ \mathrm{H}_{2}(g) \right...
 11.123P: ?Which gas sample has the greatest pressure? Assume they are all at...
 11.124P: ?This image represents a sample of gas at a pressure of 1 atm, a vo...
 11.125P: ?Automobile air bag inflate following a serious impact. The impact ...
 11.126P: ?Olympic cyclists fill their tires with helium to make them lighter...
 11.127P: ?In a common classroom demonstration, a balloon is filled with air ...
 11.128P: ?Aerosol cans carry clear warnings against incineration because of ...
Solutions for Chapter 11: Gases
Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry  5th Edition
ISBN: 9780321910295
Solutions for Chapter 11: Gases
Get Full SolutionsSummary of Chapter 11: Gases
We define pressure and its units more thoroughly later in this chapter; for now think of pressure as the force exerted per unit area by gas molecules as they collide with the surfaces around them.
This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 11: Gases includes 129 full stepbystep solutions. Since 129 problems in chapter 11: Gases have been answered, more than 1710940 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295.

addition reactions
Reactions that are characterized by the addition of two groups across a double bond. In the process, the pi (p) bond is broken.

beta particles.
See beta rays.

bomb calorimeter
A device for measuring the heat evolved in the combustion of a substance under constantvolume conditions. (Section 5.5)

bond order.
The difference between the numbers of electrons in bonding molecular orbitals and antibonding molecular orbitals, divided by two. (10.7)

coupling constant
When signal splitting occurs in NMR spectroscopy, the distance between the individual peaks of a signal.

denatured protein.
Protein that does not exhibit normal biological activities. (25.3)

dipoledipole interactions
Theresulting net attraction between two dipoles.

electrolysis reaction
A reaction in which a nonspontaneous redox reaction is brought about by the passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. The devices in which electrolysis reactions occur are called electrolytic cells. (Section 20.9)

internal alkyne
A compound with the structure R!C#C!R, where each R group is not a hydrogen atom.

lithium dialkyl cuprate
A nucleophilic compound with the general structureR2CuLi.

Methylene
A !CH2! group.

Oil
When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature

Planck constant (h)
The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 1034 J@s. (Section 6.2)

pressure–volume (PV) work
Work performed by expansion of a gas against a resisting pressure. (Section 5.3)

radioactive decay chain
A series of nuclear reactions that begins with an unstable nucleus and terminates with a stable one. Also called nuclear disintegration series. (Section 21.2)

structural proteins
Fibrous proteins that are used for their structural rigidity. Examples include akeratins found in hair, nails, skin, feathers, and wool.

termolecular
For mechanisms, a step that involves three chemical entities.

thermodynamic control
A reaction for which the ratio of products is determined solely by the distribution of energy among the products.

thiols
Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).

trigonal planar
A geometry adopted by an atom with a steric number of 3. All three groups lie in one plane and are separated by 120°.