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Solutions for Chapter 11: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 11

Solutions for Chapter 11
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 11 includes 129 full step-by-step solutions. Since 129 problems in chapter 11 have been answered, more than 1010293 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Axial bond

    A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring parallel to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly perpendicular to the equator of the ring.

  • base-dissociation constant (Kb)

    An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)

  • Bonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electrons have a lower energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals

  • chemical kinetics

    The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (Chapter 14: Introduction)

  • coupling (of radicals)

    A radical process in which two radicals join together and form a bond.

  • Crystalline domain

    An ordered crystalline region in the solid state of a polymer. Also called a crystallite.

  • Diol

    A compound containing two hydroxyl groups

  • electrolysis reaction

    A reaction in which a nonspontaneous redox reaction is brought about by the passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. The devices in which electrolysis reactions occur are called electrolytic cells. (Section 20.9)

  • electrospray ionization (ESI):

    In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.

  • homogeneous catalysts

    A catalyst that dissolves in the reaction medium.

  • Homolytic bond cleavage

    Cleavage of a bond so that each fragment retains one electron; formation of radicals.

  • ionic solids

    Solids that are composed of ions. (Section 12.1)

  • molar mass

    The mass of one mole of a substance in grams; it is numerically equal to the formula weight in atomic mass units. (Section 3.4)

  • nomenclature

    A system for naming organic compounds.

  • nuclear binding energy

    The energy required to decompose an atomic nucleus into its component protons and neutrons. (Section 21.6)

  • optically active

    Possessing the ability to rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • orbital

    An allowed energy state of an electron in the quantum mechanical model of the atom; the term orbital is also used to describe the spatial distribution of the electron. An orbital is defined by the values of three quantum numbers: n, l, and ml (Section 6.5)

  • Photosensitizer

    A compound that absorbs light and transfers the energy to another molecule.

  • Radical inhibitor

    A compound such as a phenol that selectively reacts with radicals to remove them from a chain reaction and terminate the chain

  • Valence shell

    The outermost occupied electron shell of an atom.