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Solutions for Chapter 12: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 12

Solutions for Chapter 12
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 102 problems in chapter 12 have been answered, more than 302185 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Chapter 12 includes 102 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • azo coupling

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an aryldiazonium salt reacts with an activated aromatic ring.

  • Bond dissociation enthalpy

    The amount of energy required to break a bond into two radicals in the gas phase at 25°C, A!B !> A• 1 •B

  • boranes

    Covalent hydrides of boron. (Section 22.11)

  • buffer solution.

    A solution of (a) a weak acid or base and (b) its salt; both components must be present. The solution has the ability to resist changes in pH upon the addition of small amounts of either acid or base. (16.3)

  • carbides.

    Ionic compounds containing the C2 22 or C42 ion. (22.3)

  • chlorofluorocarbons

    Compounds composed entirely of chlorine, fluorine, and carbon. (Section 18.3)

  • collision model

    A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)

  • condensation polymer

    A polymer,that is formed via a condensation reaction.

  • Conjugated

    A conjugated diene or carbonyl is one in which the double bonds are separated by one single bond

  • copolymer

    A polymer that is constructed from more than one repeating unit.

  • Diastereotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions

  • electron configuration

    The arrangement of electrons in the orbitals of an atom or molecule (Section 6.8)

  • empirical formula

    A chemical formula that shows the kinds of atoms and their relative numbers in a substance in the smallest possible whole-number ratios. (Section 2.6)

  • fusion

    The joining of two light nuclei to form a more massive one. (Section 21.6)

  • isotopes

    Atoms of the same element containing different numbers of neutrons and therefore having different masses. (Section 2.3)

  • joule (J)

    The SI unit of energy, 1 kg@m2 >s2. A related unit is the calorie: 4.184 J = 1 cal. (Section 5.1)

  • Oxidation

    The loss of electrons. Alternatively, either the loss of hydrogens, the gain of oxygens, or both.

  • petroleum

    A naturally occurring combustible liquid composed of hundreds of hydrocarbons and other organic compounds. (Section 5.8)

  • root-mean-square (rms) speed 1M2

    The square root of the average of the squared speeds of the gas molecules in a gas sample. (Section 10.7)

  • Steroid

    A plant or animal lipid having the characteristic tetracyclic ring structure of the steroid nucleus, namely three sixmembered rings and one fi ve-membered ring.

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