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Solutions for Chapter 12: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 12

Solutions for Chapter 12
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 102 problems in chapter 12 have been answered, more than 438004 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Chapter 12 includes 102 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • accuracy

    A measure of how closely individual measurements agree with the correct value. (Section 1.5)

  • activity series.

    A summary of the results of many possible displacement reactions. (4.4)

  • addition to p bond

    One of the six kinds of arrow-pushing patterns used in drawing mechanisms for radical reactions. A radical adds to a p bond, destroying the p bond and generating a new radical.

  • Allyl

    A !CH2CH"CH2 group.

  • becquerel

    The SI unit of radioactivity. It corresponds to one nuclear disintegration per second. (Section 21.4)

  • covalent-network solids

    Solids in which the units that make up the three-dimensional network are joined by covalent bonds. (Section 12.1)

  • dehydrohalogenation

    An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and a halogen (such as Cl, Br, or I).

  • globular proteins

    Proteins that consist of chains that are coiled into compact shapes.

  • Grignard reagent

    A carbanion with the structure RMgX.

  • Ground-state electron confi guration

    The lowest-energy electron confi guration for an atom or molecule.

  • lanthanide contraction

    The gradual decrease in atomic and ionic radii with increasing atomic number among the lanthanide elements, atomic numbers 57 through 70. The decrease arises because of a gradual increase in effective nuclear charge through the lanthanide series. (Section 23.1)

  • microstate

    The state of a system at a particular instant; one of many possible energetically equivalent ways to arrange the components of a system to achieve a particular state. (Section 19.3)

  • optically active

    A compound that rotates plane-polarized light.

  • Oxonium ion

    An ion in which oxygen bears a positive charge.

  • progestins

    Female sex hormones.

  • protium

    The most common isotope of hydrogen. (Section 22.2)

  • torsional angle

    The angle between two groups in a Newman projection, also called the dihedral angle.

  • Wavelength (l)

    The distance between consecutive peaks on a wave

  • wavenumber

    In IR spectroscopy, the location of each signal is reported in terms of this frequency-related unit.

  • Williamson ether synthesis

    A general method for the synthesis of dialkyl ethers by an SN2 reaction between a haloalkane and an alkoxide ion.

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