 13.1Q: What is a solution? List some examples.
 13.2Q: What is an aqueous solution?
 13.3Q: In a solution, what is the solvent? What is the solute? List some e...
 13.4Q: Explain what “like dissolves like” means.
 13.5Q: What is solubility?
 13.6Q: Describe what happens when additional solute is added to:(a) a satu...
 13.7Q: Explain the difference between a strong electrolyte solution and a ...
 13.8Q: How does gas solubility depend on temperature?
 13.9Q: Explain recrystallization.
 13.10Q: How is rock candy made?
 13.11Q: When you heat water on a stove, bubbles form on the bottom of the p...
 13.12Q: Explain why warm soda pop goes flat faster than cold soda pop.
 13.13Q: How does gas solubility depend on pressure? How does this relations...
 13.14Q: What is the difference between a dilute solution and a concentrated...
 13.15Q: Define the concentration units mass percent and molarity.
 13.16Q: What is a stock solution?
 13.17Q: How does the presence of a nonvolatile solute affect the boiling po...
 13.18Q: What are colligative properties?
 13.19Q: Define molality.
 13.20Q: What is osmosis?
 13.21Q: Two shipwreck survivors were rescued from a life raft. One had drun...
 13.22Q: Why are intravenous fluids always isoosmotic saline solutions? What...
 13.23P: Determine whether or not each mixture is a solution.(a) sand and wa...
 13.24P: Determine whether or not each mixture is a solution.(a) air(b) carb...
 13.25P: Identify the solute and solvent in each solution.(a) salt water(b) ...
 13.26P: Identify the solute and solvent in each solution.(a) 80proof vodka...
 13.27P: Pick an appropriate solvent from Table 1 to dissolve:(a) motor oil ...
 13.28P: Pick an appropriate solvent from Table 1 to dissolve:(a) glucose (p...
 13.29P: What are the dissolved particles in a solution containing an ionic ...
 13.30P: What are the dissolved particles in a solution containing a molecul...
 13.31P: A solution contains 35 g of NaCl per 100 g of water at 25 °C. Is th...
 13.32P: A solution contains 28 g of KNO3 per 100 g of water at 25 °C. Is th...
 13.33P: A KNO3 solution containing 45 g of KNO3 per 100 g of water is coole...
 13.34P: A KCl solution containing 42 g of KCl per 100 g of water is cooled ...
 13.35P: Refer to Figure 1 determine whether each of the given amounts of so...
 13.36P: Refer to Figure 1 determine whether each of the given amounts of so...
 13.37P: Some laboratory procedures involving oxygensensitive reactants or ...
 13.38P: A person preparing a fish tank uses preboiled (and then cooled) wat...
 13.39P: Scuba divers breathing air at increased pressure can suffer from ni...
 13.40P: Scuba divers breathing air at increased pressure can suffer from ox...
 13.41P: Calculate the concentration of each solution in mass percent.(a) 41...
 13.42P: Calculate the concentration of each solution in mass percent.(a) 13...
 13.43P: A soft drink contains 42 g of sugar in 311 g of H2O. What is the co...
 13.44P: A soft drink contains 32 mg of sodium in 309 g of H2O. What is the ...
 13.45P: Complete the tableMass SoluteMass SolventMass SolutionMass Percent1...
 13.46P: Complete the tableMass SoluteMass SolventMass SolutionMass Percent2...
 13.47P: Ocean water contains 3.5% NaCl by mass. How much salt can be obtain...
 13.48P: A saline solution contains 1.1% NaCl by mass. How much NaCl is pres...
 13.49P: Determine the amount of sucrose in each solution.(a) 48 g of a solu...
 13.50P: Determine the amount of potassium chloride in each solution.(a) 19....
 13.51P: Determine the mass (in g) of each NaCl solution that contains 1.5 g...
 13.52P: Determine the mass (in g) of each sucrose solution that contains 12...
 13.53P: AgNO3 solutions are often used to plate silver onto other metals. W...
 13.54P: A dioxincontaminated water source contains 0.085% dioxin by mass. ...
 13.55P: Ocean water contains 3.5% NaCl by mass. What mass of ocean water in...
 13.56P: A hard water sample contains 0.0085% Ca by mass (in the form of Ca2...
 13.57P: Lead is a toxic metal that affects the central nervous system. A Pb...
 13.58P: Benzene is a carcinogenic (cancercausing) compound. A benzenecont...
 13.59P: Calculate the molarity of each solution.(a) 0.127 mol of sucrose in...
 13.60P: Calculate the molarity of each solution.(a) 1.54 mol of LiCl in 22....
 13.61P: Calculate the molarity of each solution.(a) 22.6 g of C12H22O11 in ...
 13.62P: Calculate the molarity of each solution.(a) 33.2 g of KCl in 0.895 ...
 13.63P: A 205mL sample of ocean water contains 6.8 g of NaCl. What is the ...
 13.64P: A 355mL can of soda pop contains 41 g of sucrose (C12H22O11). What...
 13.65P: How many moles of NaCl are contained in each solution?(a) 1.5 L of ...
 13.66P: How many moles of sucrose are contained in each solution?(a) 3.4 L ...
 13.67P: What volume of each solution contains 0.15 m(a) 0.255 MKCl(b) 1.8MK...
 13.68P: What volume of each solution contains 0.325 mol of NaI?(a) 0.152 M ...
 13.69P: Complete the tableSoluteSolute MassMol SoluteVolume SolutionMolarit...
 13.71P: Calculate the mass of NaCl in a 35mL sample of a 1.3 M NaCl solution.
 13.72P: Calculate the mass of glucose (C6H12O6) in a 105mL sample of a 1.0...
 13.73P: A chemist wants to make 2.5 L of a 0.100 M KCl solution. How much K...
 13.74P: A laboratory procedure calls for making 500.0 mL of a 1.4 M KNO3 so...
 13.75P: How many liters of a 0.500 M sucrose (C12H22O11) solution contain 1...
 13.76P: What volume of a 0.35 M Mg(NO3)2 solution contains 87 g of Mg(NO3)2?
 13.77P: Determine the concentration of Cl? in each aqueous solution. (Assum...
 13.78P: Determine the concentration of NO3? in each aqueous solution. (Assu...
 13.79P: Determine the concentration of the cation and anion in each aqueous...
 13.80P: Determine the concentration of the cation and anion in each aqueous...
 13.81P: A 122mL sample of a 1.2 M sucrose solution is diluted to 500.0 mL....
 13.82P: A 3.5L sample of a 5.8 M NaCl solution is diluted to 55 L. What is...
 13.83P: Describe how you would make 2.5 L of a 0.100 M KCl solution from a ...
 13.84P: Describe how you would make 500.0 mL of a 0.200 M NaOH solution fro...
 13.85P: To what volume should you dilute 25 mL of a 12 M stock HCl solution...
 13.86P: To what volume should you dilute 75 mL of a 10.0 M H2SO4 solution t...
 13.87P: How much of a 12.0 M HNO3 solution should you use to make 850.0 mL ...
 13.88P: How much of a 5.0 M sucrose solution should you use to make 85.0 mL...
 13.89P: Determine the volume of 0.150 M NaOH solution required to neutraliz...
 13.90P: Determine the volume of 0.225 M KOH solution required to neutralize...
 13.91P: Consider the reaction:2 K3PO4(aq) + 3 NiCl2(aq) ? Ni3(PO4)2(s) + 6 ...
 13.92P: Consider the reaction:K2S(aq) + Co(NO3)2(aq) ? 2 KNO2(aq) + CoS(s)W...
 13.93P: A 10.0mL sample of an unknown H3PO4 solution requires 112 mL of 0....
 13.94P: A 25.0mL sample of an unknown HClO4 solution requires 45.3 mL of 0...
 13.95P: What is the minimum amount of 6.0 M H2SO4 necessary to produce 15.0...
 13.96P: What is the molarity of ZnCl2(aq) that forms when 15.0 g of zinc co...
 13.97P: Calculate the molality of each solution.(a) 0.25 mol solute; 0.250 ...
 13.98P: Calculate the molality of each solution.(a) 0.455 mol solute; 1.97 ...
 13.99P: Calculate the molality of a solution containing 12.5 g of ethylene ...
 13.100P: Calculate the molality of a solution containing 257 g glucose (C6H1...
 13.101P: Calculate the freezing point of a water solution at each concentrat...
 13.102P: Calculate the freezing point of a water solution at each concentrat...
 13.103P: Calculate the boiling point of a water solution at each concentrati...
 13.104P: Calculate the boiling point of a water solution at each concentrati...
 13.105P: A glucose solution contains 55.8 g of glucose (C6H12O6) in 455 g of...
 13.106P: An ethylene glycol solution contains 21.2 g of ethylene glycol (C2H...
 13.107P: An NaCl solution is made using 133 g of NaCl and diluting to a tota...
 13.108P: A KNO3 solution is made using 88.4 g of KNO3 and diluting to a tota...
 13.109P: A 125mL sample of an 8.5 M NaCl solution is diluted to 2.5 L. What...
 13.110P: A 45.8mL sample of a 5.8 M KNO3 solution is diluted to 1.00 L. Wha...
 13.111P: To what final volume should you dilute 50.0 mL of a 5.00 M KI solut...
 13.112P: To what volume should you dilute 125 mL of an 8.00 M CuCl2 solution...
 13.114P: What is the molarity of an aqueous solution that lis 6.75% gucose (...
 13.115P: Consider the reaction:2Al(s) + 3 H2SO4(aq) ? Al2(SO4)3(aq) + 3 H2(g...
 13.116P: Consider the reaction:Mg(s) + 2 HCl(aq) ? MgCl2(aq) + H2(g)What min...
 13.117P: How much of a 1.25 M sodium chloride solution in milliliters is req...
 13.118P: How much of a 1.50 M sodium sulfate solution in milliliters is requ...
 13.119P: Nitric acid is usually purchased in concentrated form with a 70.3% ...
 13.120P: Hydrochloric acid is usually purchased in concentrated form with a ...
 13.121P: An ethylene glycol solution is made using 58.5 g of ethylene glycol...
 13.122P: Asucrose solution is made using 144 g of sucrose (C12H22O11) and di...
 13.123P: A 250.0mL sample of a 5.00 M glucose (C6H12O6) solution is diluted...
 13.124P: A 135mL sample of a 10.0 M ethylene glycol (C2H6O2) solution is di...
 13.125P: An aqueous solution containing 17.5 g of an unknown molecular (none...
 13.126P: An aqueous solution containing 35.9 g of an unknown molecular (none...
 13.127P: What is the boiling point of an aqueous solution that freezes at ?6...
 13.128P: What is the freezing point of an aqueous solution that boils at 102...
 13.129P: A 125g sample contains only glucose (C6H12O6) and sucrose (C12H22O...
 13.130P: A 13.03g sample contains only ethylene glycol (C2H6O2) and propyle...
 13.131P: Consider the molecular views of osmosis cells. For each cell, deter...
 13.132P: What is wrong with this molecular view of a sodium chloride solutio...
 13.133P: The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) sets a limit for mercury—a toxin...
 13.134P: Water softeners often replace calcium ions in hard water with sodiu...
Solutions for Chapter 13: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition
Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry  5th Edition
ISBN: 9780321910295
Solutions for Chapter 13
Get Full SolutionsIntroductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Since 132 problems in chapter 13 have been answered, more than 437958 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Chapter 13 includes 132 full stepbystep solutions.

Beer’s law
In UVVis spectroscopy, an equation describing the relationship between molar absorptivity (e), absorbance (A), concentration (C), and path length (l): e = A (C Ž l)

Brønsted–Lowry acid
A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton donor. (Section 16.2)

chemical bond
A strong attractive force that exists between atoms in a molecule. (Section 8.1)

conformation
A threedimensional shape that can be adopted by a compound as a result of rotation about single bonds.

cycloalkanes.
Alkanes whose carbon atoms are joined in rings. (24.2)

diastereomers
Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of one another.

extensive property
A property that depends on the amount of material considered; for example, mass or volume. (Section 1.3)

frequency
The number of times per second that one complete wavelength passes a given point. (Section 6.1)

geometric isomerism
A form of isomerism in which compounds with the same type and number of atoms and the same chemical bonds have different spatial arrangements of these atoms and bonds. (Sections 23.4 and 24.4)

Glycol
A compound with hydroxyl (!OH) groups on adjacent carbons.

Hund’s rule
A rule stating that electrons occupy degenerate orbitals in such a way as to maximize the number of electrons with the same spin. In other words, each orbital has one electron placed in it before pairing of electrons in orbitals occurs. (Section 6.8)

Living polymer
A polymer chain that continues to grow without chaintermination steps until either all of the monomer is consumed or some external agent is added to terminate the chain. The polymer chains will continue to grow if more monomer is added.

malonic ester synthesis
Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.

Mass spectrometry
An analytical technique for measuring the masstocharge ratio (m/z) of ions.

Mercaptan
A common name for a thiol; that is, any compound that contains an SH (sulfhydryl) group

NTerminal amino acid
The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !NH2 group

Peptide bond
The special name given to the amide bond formed between the aamino group of one amino acid and the acarboxyl group of another amino acid

sigma 1S2 bond
A covalent bond in which electron density is concentrated along the internuclear axis. (Section 9.6)

sp2hybridized orbitals
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with two p orbitals to form three hybridized atomic orbitals.

tetrahedral
The geometry of an atom with four bonds separated from each other by 109.5°.