Solutions for Chapter 13: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Solutions for Chapter 13

Solutions for Chapter 13
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Since 132 problems in chapter 13 have been answered, more than 158093 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Chapter 13 includes 132 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,2-elimination

    An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.

  • Baeyer-Villiger oxidation

    A reaction in which a ketone is treated with a peroxy acid and is converted into an ester via the insertion of an oxygen atom.

  • base-dissociation constant (Kb)

    An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)

  • bonding atomic radius

    The radius of an atom as defined by the distances separating it from other atoms to which it is chemically bonded. (Section 7.3)

  • buffer capacity

    The amount of acid or base a buffer can neutralize before the pH begins to change appreciably. (Section 17.2)

  • Carboxylic acid

    A compound containing a carboxyl, !COOH, group.

  • cathode

    An electrode at which reduction occurs. (Section 20.3)

  • coordination sphere

    The metal ion and its surrounding ligands. (Section 23.2)

  • disaccharide

    Carbohydrates comprisedof two monosaccharide units joined via aglycosidic linkage between the anomeric carbonof one monosaccharide and a hydroxyl group ofthe other monosaccharide.

  • Haloalkane (alkyl halide)

    A compound containing a halogen atom covalently bonded to an sp3 -hybridized carbon atom. Given the symbol R!X.

  • interstitial alloy

    An alloy in which smaller atoms fit into spaces between larger atoms. The larger atoms are metallic elements and the smaller atoms are typically nonmetallic elements. (Section 12.3)

  • mass spectrometer

    An instrument used to measure the precise masses and relative amounts of atomic and molecular ions. (Section 2.4)

  • Mercaptan

    A common name for a thiol; that is, any compound that contains an -SH (sulfhydryl) group

  • monosaccharide

    A simple sugar, most commonly containing six carbon atoms. The joining together of monosaccharide units by condensation reactions results in formation of polysaccharides. (Section 24.8)

  • nucleophilic acyl substitution

    A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.

  • Nucleophilic aromatic substitution

    A reaction in which a nucleophile, most commonly a halogen, on an aromatic ring is replaced by another nucleophile.

  • regioselective

    A reaction that can produce two or more constitutional isomers but nevertheless produces one as the major product.

  • resonance hybrid

    A term used to describe the character of a chemical entity (molecule, ion, or radical) exhibiting more than one significant resonance structure.

  • Valence shell

    The outermost occupied electron shell of an atom.

  • Watson-Crick model

    A double-helix model for the secondary structure of a DNA molecule

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