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Solutions for Chapter 14: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Solutions for Chapter 14

Solutions for Chapter 14
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 119 problems in chapter 14 have been answered, more than 132278 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Introductory Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Chapter 14 includes 119 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Activating group

    Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.

  • adsorption

    The binding of molecules to a surface. (Section 14.7)

  • alpha (a) rays.

    Helium ions with a positive charge of 12. (2.2)

  • Avogadro’s law.

    At constant pressure and temperature, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas present. (5.3)

  • barometer

    An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure. (5.2)

  • carbonyl group

    The C “O double bond, a characteristic feature of several organic functional groups, such as ketones and aldehydes. (Section 24.4)

  • chain-growth polymer

    A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.

  • Clemmensen reduction

    A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.

  • conrotatory

    In electrocyclic reactions,a type of rotation in which the orbitals being used to form the new s bond must rotate in the same way.

  • density.

    The mass of a substance divided by its volume. (1.6)

  • electrolytic cell

    A device in which a nonspontaneous oxidation–reduction reaction is caused to occur by passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. (Section 20.9)

  • elemental semiconductor

    A semiconducting material composed of just one element. (Section 12.7)

  • exo

    In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are anti to the larger bridge.

  • Kelvin scale

    The absolute temperature scale; the SI unit for temperature is the kelvin. Zero on the Kelvin scale corresponds to -273.15 °C. (Section 1.4)

  • overlap

    The extent to which atomic orbitals on different atoms share the same region of space. When the overlap between two orbitals is large, a strong bond may be formed. (Section 9.4)

  • Primary structure of nucleic acids

    The sequence of bases along the pentose-phosphodiester backbone of a DNA or RNA molecule read from the 5’ end to the 3’ end

  • silica

    Common name for silicon dioxide. (Section 22.4)

  • steric number

    The total of (single bonds + lone pairs) for an atom in a compound.

  • termolecular

    For mechanisms, a step that involves three chemical entities.

  • trigonal planar

    A geometry adopted by an atom with a steric number of 3. All three groups lie in one plane and are separated by 120°.

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