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Solutions for Chapter 19: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 19

Solutions for Chapter 19
4 5 0 353 Reviews
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Chapter 19 includes 79 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Since 79 problems in chapter 19 have been answered, more than 476135 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • allylic bromination

    A radical reaction that achieves installation of a bromine atom at an allylic position.

  • bond enthalpy

    The enthalpy change, ?H, required to break a particular bond when the substance is in the gas phase. (Section 8.8)

  • Bond length

    The distance between atoms in a covalent bond in picometers (pm; 1 pm 5 10212 m) or Å (1Å 5 10210 m).

  • conjugated

    A compound in which two p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.

  • coordinate covalent bond.

    A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)

  • Electrophile

    From the Greek meaning electron loving. Any species that can accept a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis acid.

  • fracking

    The practice in which water laden with sand and other materials is pumped at high pressure into rock formations to release natural gas and other petroleum materials. (Section 18.4)

  • Hydroboration-oxidation

    A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with borane (BH3) to give a trialkylborane, which is then oxidized with alkaline hydrogen peroxide to give an alcohol

  • Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.

  • LUMO

    The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital.

  • molal boiling-point-elevation constant (Kb)

    A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the increase in boiling point as a function of solution molality: ?Tb = Kbm. (Section 13.5)

  • N-bromosuccinimide

    A reagent used for allylic bromination to avoid a competing reaction in which bromine adds across the p bond.

  • nucleophile

    A compound containing an electron-rich atom that is capable of donating a pair of electrons.

  • percent ionization

    The percent of a substance that undergoes ionization on dissolution in water. The term applies to solutions of weak acids and bases. (Section 16.6)

  • Pro-R-hydrogen

    Replacing this hydrogen by deuterium gives a chiral center with an R confi guration

  • resonance stabilization

    The stabilization associated with the delocalization of electrons via resonance.

  • syn-coplanar

    A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 0°.

  • termolecular

    For mechanisms, a step that involves three chemical entities.

  • Unimolecular reaction

    A reaction in which only one species is involved in the rate-determining step

  • unsaturated

    A compound containingone or more p bonds.

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