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Solutions for Chapter 19: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 19

Solutions for Chapter 19
4 5 0 293 Reviews
14
5
Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Chapter 19 includes 79 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Since 79 problems in chapter 19 have been answered, more than 381290 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acetal

    A functional group characterized by two alkoxy (OR) groups connected to the same carbon atom.Acetals can be used as protecting groups for aldehydes or ketones.

  • acyl peroxide

    A peroxide for which each oxygen atom is connected to an acyl group. Acyl peroxides are often used as radical initiators, because the O!O bond is especially weak.

  • Alkyl group

    A group derived by removing a hydrogen from an alkane; given the symbol R!

  • anomeric carbon

    The C1 position of the cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose or the C2 position of the cyclic hemiacetal of a ketose.

  • carbohydrates

    A class of substances formed from polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. (Section 24.8)

  • closed system.

    A system that enables the exchange of energy (usually in the form of heat) but not mass with its surroundings. (6.2)

  • elimination (of radicals)

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.

  • enamine

    A compound containing a nitrogen atom directly connected to a carboncarbon p bond.

  • furanose

    A five-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.

  • halogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of X2 (either Br2 or Cl2) across an alkene.

  • hydrocracking

    A process performed in the presence of hydrogen gas by which large alkanes in petroleum are converted into smaller alkanes that are more suitable for use as gasoline.

  • inversion of configuration

    During a reaction, when the configuration of a chirality center is changed.

  • Keto-enol tautomerism

    A type of isomerism involving keto (from ketone) and enol tautomers

  • molarity

    The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per liter of solution; abbreviated M. (Section 4.5)

  • oxidation

    A reaction in which one compound undergoes an increase in oxidation state.

  • pascal (Pa)

    The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N >m2 . (Section 10.2)

  • Peptide bond

    The special name given to the amide bond formed between the a-amino group of one amino acid and the a-carboxyl group of another amino acid

  • Retrosynthesis

    A process of reasoning backwards from a target molecule to a suitable set of starting materials.

  • solution alloy

    A homogeneous alloy, where two or more elements are distributed randomly and uniformly throughout the solid. (Section 12.3)

  • Tautomers

    Constitutional isomers in equilibrium with each other that differ in the location of a hydrogen atom and a double bond relative to a heteroatom, most commonly O, N, or S.

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