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Solutions for Chapter 2: The First Law

Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780716787594 | Authors: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula

Full solutions for Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780716787594

Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780716787594 | Authors: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula

Solutions for Chapter 2: The First Law

Solutions for Chapter 2
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Textbook: Physical Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula
ISBN: 9780716787594

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Physical Chemistry , edition: 8. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Physical Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780716787594. Since 113 problems in chapter 2: The First Law have been answered, more than 56803 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 2: The First Law includes 113 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • angstrom

    A common non-SI unit of length, denoted Å, that is used to measure atomic dimensions: 1Å = 10-10 m. (Section 2.3)

  • antiferromagnetism

    A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on adjacent sites point in opposite directions and cancel each other’s effects. (Section 23.1)

  • bonding pair

    In a Lewis structure a pair of electrons that is shared by two atoms. (Section 9.2)

  • carbonyl group

    A CRO bond. carboxylic acid derivative (Sect. 21.6): A compound that is similar in structure to a carboxylic acid (RCOOH) but the OH group of the carboxylic acid has been replaced with a different group, Z, where Z is a heteroatom such as Cl, O, N, etc. Nitriles (R!C#N) are also considered to be carboxylic acid derivatives because they have the same oxidation state as carboxylic acids.

  • chair conformation

    The lowest energy conformation for cyclohexane, in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and all hydrogen atoms are staggered.

  • chemical kinetics.

    The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (13.1)

  • curie

    A measure of radioactivity: 1 curie = 3.7 * 1010 nuclear disintegrations per second. (Section 21.4)

  • diastereomers

    Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of one another.

  • Dieckmann cyclization

    An intramolecular Claisen condensation.

  • hydrogen abstraction

    In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a hydrogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.

  • levorotatory

    A compound thatrotates plane-polarized light in a counterclockwisedirection (-).

  • mineral

    A solid, inorganic substance occurring in nature, such as calcium carbonate, which occurs as calcite. (Section 23.1)

  • nuclear model

    Model of the atom with a nucleus containing protons and neutrons and with electrons in the space outside the nucleus. (Section 2.2)

  • optically inactive

    A compound that does not rotate plane-polarized light.

  • peptide bond

    The amide linkage by which two amino acids are coupled together to form peptides.

  • photoionization

    The removal of an electron from an atom or molecule by absorption of light. (Section 18.2)

  • Primary (1°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one carbon and two hydrogens

  • proton transfer

    One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.

  • saturated

    A compound that contains no p bonds.

  • thermodynamic control

    A reaction for which the ratio of products is determined solely by the distribution of energy among the products.

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