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Solutions for Chapter 2: The First Law

Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780716787594 | Authors: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula

Full solutions for Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780716787594

Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780716787594 | Authors: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula

Solutions for Chapter 2: The First Law

Solutions for Chapter 2
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Textbook: Physical Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula
ISBN: 9780716787594

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Physical Chemistry , edition: 8. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Physical Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780716787594. Since 113 problems in chapter 2: The First Law have been answered, more than 228818 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 2: The First Law includes 113 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activation energy (Ea).

    The minimum amount of energy required to initiate a chemical reaction. (13.4)

  • Allylic carbon

    A carbon adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • atom.

    The basic unit of an element that can enter into chemical combination. (2.2)

  • battery

    A self-contained electrochemical power source that contains one or more voltaic cells. (Section 20.7)

  • calorimeter

    An apparatus that measures the heat released or absorbed in a chemical or physical process. (Section 5.5)

  • Carbanion

    An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.

  • Center of symmetry

    A point so situated that identical components of an object are located on opposite sides and equidistant from that point along any axis passing through it.

  • chemical formula

    A notation that uses chemical symbols with numerical subscripts to convey the relative proportions of atoms of the different elements in a substance. (Section 2.6)

  • complex lipid

    A lipid that readily undergoes hydrolysis in aqueous acid or base to produce smaller fragments.

  • Dispersion forces

    Very weak intermolecular forces of attraction resulting from the interaction between temporary induced dipoles

  • ferromagnetism

    A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins align parallel to one another. (Section 23.1)

  • frontier orbital theory

    The analysis of a reaction using MO theory, where only the frontier orbitals (HOMO and LUMO) are considered.

  • Functional group

    An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that shows a characteristic set of physical and chemical properties

  • Gauche conformation

    A conformation about a single bond of an alkane in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 60°

  • hydrazone

    A compound with the structure R2CRN!NH2.

  • oils

    Triglycerides that are liquids at room temperature.

  • phase diagram

    A graphic representation of the equilibria among the solid, liquid, and gaseous phases of a substance as a function of temperature and pressure. (Section 11.6)

  • radial probability function

    The probability that the electron will be found at a certain distance from the nucleus. (Section 6.6)

  • Syndiotactic polymer

    A polymer with alternating R and S confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, syndiotactic polypropylene

  • terpenes

    A diverse class of naturally occurring compounds that can be thought of as being assembled from isoprene units, each of which contains five carbon atoms.