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Solutions for Chapter 3: The Second Law

Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780716787594 | Authors: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula

Full solutions for Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780716787594

Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780716787594 | Authors: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula

Solutions for Chapter 3: The Second Law

Solutions for Chapter 3
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Textbook: Physical Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula
ISBN: 9780716787594

Chapter 3: The Second Law includes 89 full step-by-step solutions. Since 89 problems in chapter 3: The Second Law have been answered, more than 228725 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Physical Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780716787594. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Physical Chemistry , edition: 8. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acyl group

    The term describing a carbonyl group (CRO bond) connected to an alkyl group or aryl group.

  • Addition reaction

    A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms react with a double bond, forming a compound with the two new groups bonded to the carbons of the original double bond.

  • alpha (a) helix

    For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when a portion of the protein twists into a spiral.

  • alpha decay

    A type of radioactive decay in which an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle and thereby transforms (or “decays”) into an atom with a mass number 4 less and atomic number 2 less. (Section 21.1)

  • band

    An array of closely spaced molecular orbitals occupying a discrete range of energy. (Section 12.4)

  • bending

    In IR spectroscopy, a type of vibration that generally produces a signal in the fingerprint region of an IR spectrum.

  • beta particles.

    See beta rays.

  • biodegradable polymers

    Polymers that can be broken down by enzymes produced by soil microorganisms.

  • cephalins

    Phosphoglycerides that contain ethanolamine.

  • conversion factor

    A ratio relating the same quantity in two systems of units that is used to convert the units of measurement. (Section 1.6)

  • Dehydration

    Elimination of water.

  • fuel value

    The energy released when 1 g of a substance is combusted. (Section 5.8)

  • molecular geometry

    The arrangement in space of the atoms of a molecule. (Section 9.2)

  • orbital

    An allowed energy state of an electron in the quantum mechanical model of the atom; the term orbital is also used to describe the spatial distribution of the electron. An orbital is defined by the values of three quantum numbers: n, l, and ml (Section 6.5)

  • parts per million (ppm)

    The concentration of a solution in grams of solute per 106 (million) grams of solution; equals milligrams of solute per liter of solution for aqueous solutions. (Section 13.4)

  • thermodynamics

    The study of how energy is distributed under the influence of entropy. For chemists, the thermodynamics of a reaction specifically refers to the study of the relative energy levels of reactants and products.

  • Twist-boat conformation

    A nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring that is twisted from and slightly more stable than a boat conformation.

  • unsaturated

    A compound containingone or more p bonds.

  • VSEPR theory

    Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.

  • Williamson ether synthesis

    A method for preparing an ether from an alkoxide ion and an alkyl halide (via an SN2 process).