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Solutions for Chapter 3: The Second Law

Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780716787594 | Authors: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula

Full solutions for Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780716787594

Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780716787594 | Authors: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula

Solutions for Chapter 3: The Second Law

Solutions for Chapter 3
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Textbook: Physical Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula
ISBN: 9780716787594

Chapter 3: The Second Law includes 89 full step-by-step solutions. Since 89 problems in chapter 3: The Second Law have been answered, more than 10099 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Physical Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780716787594. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Physical Chemistry , edition: 8. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • aliphatic hydrocarbons.

    Hydrocarbons that do not contain the benzene group or the benzene ring. (24.1)

  • amines.

    Organic bases that have the functional group —NR2, where R may be H, an alkyl group, or an aromatic group. (24.4)

  • Amino group

    A compound containing an sp3 -hybridized nitrogen atom bonded to one, two, or three carbon atoms

  • Anion

    An atom or group of atoms bearing a negative charge.

  • battery.

    A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)

  • cathodic protection

    A means of protecting a metal against corrosion by making it the cathode in a voltaic cell. This can be achieved by attaching a more easily oxidized metal, which serves as an anode, to the metal to be protected. (Section 20.8)

  • conduction band

    A band of molecular orbitals lying higher in energy than the occupied valence band and distinctly separated from it. (Section 12.7)

  • critical temperature (Tc).

    The temperature above which a gas will not liquefy. (11.8)

  • E,Z system

    A system to specify the confi guration of groups about a carbon-carbon double bond

  • Haloform

    A compound of the type CHX3 where X is a halogen.

  • hydride ion

    An ion formed by the addition of an electron to a hydrogen atom: H-. (Section 7.7)

  • hydroboration-oxidation

    A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.

  • Ka

    A measure of the strength of an acid: Ka = Keq 3H2O4 = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4

  • Lactam

    A cyclic amide.

  • main-group elements

    Elements in the s and p blocks of the periodic table. (Section 6.9)

  • mass number

    The sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of a particular atom. (Section 2.3)

  • polyvinyl chloride, (PVC)

    A polymer formed from the polymerization of vinyl chloride (H2CRCHCl).

  • Primary (1°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one carbon and two hydrogens

  • reaction mechanism

    A series of intermediates and curved arrows that show howthe reaction occurs in terms of the motion of electrons.

  • reaction order

    The power to which the concentration of a reactant is raised in a rate law. (Section 14.3)

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