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Solutions for Chapter 7: Chemical equilibrium

Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780716787594 | Authors: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula

Full solutions for Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780716787594

Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780716787594 | Authors: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula

Solutions for Chapter 7: Chemical equilibrium

Solutions for Chapter 7
4 5 0 312 Reviews
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Textbook: Physical Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula
ISBN: 9780716787594

Chapter 7: Chemical equilibrium includes 72 full step-by-step solutions. Physical Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780716787594. Since 72 problems in chapter 7: Chemical equilibrium have been answered, more than 128649 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Physical Chemistry , edition: 8.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkanamine

    A format for naming primary amines containing a complex alkyl group.

  • Arene

    A term used to classify benzene and its derivatives.

  • Arrhenius equation

    An equation that relates the rate constant for a reaction to the frequency factor, A, the activation energy, Ea, and the temperature, T: k = Ae-Ea>RT. In its logarithmic form it is written ln k = -Ea>RT + ln A. (Section 14.5)

  • coordination number.

    In a crystal lattice it is defined as the number of atoms (or ions) surrounding an atom (or ion) (11.4). In coordination compounds it is defined as the number of donor atoms surrounding the central metal atom in a complex. (23.3)

  • dihedral angle

    The angle by which two groups are separated in a Newman projection.

  • Estrogen

    A steroid hormone, such as estrone and estradiol, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics in females.

  • force

    A push or a pull. (Section 5.1)

  • Hammond’s postulate

    The structure of the transition state for an exothermic step looks more like the reactants of that step than the products. Conversely, the structure of the transition state for an endothermic step looks more like the products of that step than the reactants.

  • Hund’s rule

    When orbitals of equal energy are available but there are not enough electrons to fi ll all of them completely, one electron is put in each before a second electron is added to any

  • hydrazone

    A compound with the structure R2CRN!NH2.

  • law of constant composition

    A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure compound is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of definite proportions. (Section 1.2)

  • malonic ester synthesis

    Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.

  • Oil

    When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature

  • oxirane

    A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an epoxide.

  • peptidases

    A variety of enzymes that selectively hydrolyze specific peptide bonds.

  • pericylic reactions

    Reactions that occur via a concerted process and do not involve either ionic or radical intermediates.

  • Principle of microscopic reversibility

    This principle states that the sequence of transition states and reactive intermediates in the mechanism of any reversible reaction must be the same, but in reverse order, for the reverse reaction as for the forward reaction

  • Protic solvent

    A solvent that is a hydrogen-bond donor. Common protic solvents are water, low-molecular-weight alcohols, and low-molecular weight carboxylic acids.

  • significant figures

    The digits that indicate the precision with which a measurement is made; all digits of a measured quantity are significant, including the last digit, which is uncertain. (Section 1.5)

  • strong activators

    Groups that strongly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly enhancing the rate of the reaction.