Solutions for Chapter 14: Molecular spectroscopy 2: electronic transitions

Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780716787594 | Authors: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula

Full solutions for Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780716787594

Physical Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780716787594 | Authors: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula

Solutions for Chapter 14: Molecular spectroscopy 2: electronic transitions

Solutions for Chapter 14
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Textbook: Physical Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula
ISBN: 9780716787594

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Physical Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780716787594. Since 51 problems in chapter 14: Molecular spectroscopy 2: electronic transitions have been answered, more than 16423 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Physical Chemistry , edition: 8. Chapter 14: Molecular spectroscopy 2: electronic transitions includes 51 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activate

    For a substituted aromatic ring, the effect of an electron-donating substituent that increases the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution.

  • amine

    Compounds containing a nitrogen atom that is connected to one, two, or three alkyl or aryl groups.

  • base.

    A substance that yields hydroxide ions (OH2) when dissolved in water. (2.7)

  • carbon black

    A microcrystalline form of carbon. (Section 22.9)

  • carbonyl group

    A CRO bond. carboxylic acid derivative (Sect. 21.6): A compound that is similar in structure to a carboxylic acid (RCOOH) but the OH group of the carboxylic acid has been replaced with a different group, Z, where Z is a heteroatom such as Cl, O, N, etc. Nitriles (R!C#N) are also considered to be carboxylic acid derivatives because they have the same oxidation state as carboxylic acids.

  • catalyst

    A substance that changes the speed of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing a permanent chemical change in the process. (Section 14.7)

  • Chemical shift (d)

    The shift in parts per million of an NMR signal relative to the signal of TMS

  • Fatty acid

    A long, unbranched-chain carboxylic acid, most commonly of 12 to 20 carbons, derived from the hydrolysis of animal fats, vegetable oils, or the phospholipids of biological membranes.

  • gauche conformation

    A conformation that exhibits a gauche interaction.

  • Gibbs free energy

    A thermodynamic state function that combines enthalpy and entropy, in the form G = H - TS. For a change occurring at constant temperature and pressure, the change in free energy is ?G = ?H - T?S. (Section 19.5)

  • globular proteins

    Proteins that consist of chains that are coiled into compact shapes.

  • imidazole

    A compound containing a five-membered ring that is similar to pyrrole but has one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.

  • isothermal process

    One that occurs at constant temperature. (Section 19.1)

  • lone pair

    A pair of unshared, or nonbonding, electrons.

  • Nonpolar covalent bond

    A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is less than approximately 0.5.

  • peroxides

    Compounds with the general structure R!O!O!R.

  • Phenyl group

    A group derived by removing an H from benzene; abbreviated C6H5! or Ph!.

  • protein

    A biopolymer formed from amino acids. (Section 24.7)

  • reactant

    A starting substance in a chemical reaction; it appears to the left of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)

  • Wittig reaction

    A reaction that converts an aldehyde or ketone into an alkene, with the introduction of one or more carbon atoms.

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