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Solutions for Chapter 4: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life 4th Edition

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780321750891 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Full solutions for General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321750891

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780321750891 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Solutions for Chapter 4

Solutions for Chapter 4
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Textbook: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life
Edition: 4
Author: Karen C. Timberlake
ISBN: 9780321750891

Chapter 4 includes 89 full step-by-step solutions. General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321750891. Since 89 problems in chapter 4 have been answered, more than 218728 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life, edition: 4. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alpha particles

    Particles that are identical to helium-4 nuclei, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, symbol 4 2He or 4 2a. (Section 21.1)

  • amorphous solid.

    A solid that lacks a regular three-dimensional arrangement of atoms or molecules. (11.7)

  • amphiprotic

    Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)

  • amphoteric

    Compounds that will react with either acids or bases. Amino acids are amphoteric.

  • bond length.

    The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)

  • Born–Haber cycle

    A thermodynamic cycle based on Hess’s law that relates the lattice energy of an ionic substance to its enthalpy of formation and to other measurable quantities. (Section 8.2)

  • Brønsted–Lowry acid

    A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton donor. (Section 16.2)

  • chemical equilibrium.

    A state in which the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are equal. (14.1)

  • chemistry

    The scientific discipline that studies the composition, properties, and transformations of matter. (Chapter 1: Introduction)

  • dihedral angle

    The angle by which two groups are separated in a Newman projection.

  • enthalpy

    A measure of the exchange of energy between the system and its surroundings during any process.

  • formal charge

    The number of valence electrons in an isolated atom minus the number of electrons assigned to the atom in the Lewis structure. (Section 8.5)

  • induction

    The withdrawal of electron density that occurs when a bond is shared by two atoms of differing electronegativity.

  • kinetic-molecular theory

    A set of assumptions about the nature of gases. These assumptions, when translated into mathematical form, yield the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.7)

  • lanthanide contraction

    The gradual decrease in atomic and ionic radii with increasing atomic number among the lanthanide elements, atomic numbers 57 through 70. The decrease arises because of a gradual increase in effective nuclear charge through the lanthanide series. (Section 23.1)

  • lattice energy

    The energy required to separate completely the ions in an ionic solid. (Section 8.2)

  • metallurgy

    The science of extracting metals from their natural sources by a combination of chemical and physical processes. It is also concerned with the properties and structures of metals and alloys. (Section 23.1)

  • molecular weight

    The mass of the collection of atoms represented by the chemical formula for a molecule. (Section 3.3)

  • phenyl group

    A C6H5 group.

  • Prostaglandin

    A member of the family of compounds having the 20-carbon skeleton of prostanoic acid