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Solutions for Chapter 4: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life 4th Edition

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780321750891 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Full solutions for General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321750891

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780321750891 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Solutions for Chapter 4

Solutions for Chapter 4
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Textbook: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life
Edition: 4
Author: Karen C. Timberlake
ISBN: 9780321750891

Chapter 4 includes 89 full step-by-step solutions. General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321750891. Since 89 problems in chapter 4 have been answered, more than 76760 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life, edition: 4. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acidic cleavage

    A reaction in which bonds are broken in the presence of an acid. For example, in the presence of a strong acid, an ether is converted into two alkyl halides.

  • adsorption

    The binding of molecules to a surface. (Section 14.7)

  • aldehyde

    An organic compound that contains a carbonyl group 1C “O2 to which at least one hydrogen atom is attached. (Section 24.4)

  • anion.

    An ion with a net negative charge. (2.5)

  • cathode

    An electrode at which reduction occurs. (Section 20.3)

  • condensation.

    The phenomenon of going from the gaseous state to the liquid state. (11.8)

  • Dipeptide

    A molecule containing two amino acid units joined by a peptide bond

  • E2

    A bimolecular eliminationreaction.eclipsed conformation (Sect. 4.7): A conformationin which groups are eclipsing each other in aNewman projection.

  • electron

    A negatively charged subatomic particle found outside the atomic nucleus; it is a part of all atoms. An electron has a mass 1>1836 times that of a proton. (Section 2.3)

  • enzymes

    Important biological molecules that catalyze virtually all cellular processes.

  • frequency

    For electromagnetic radiation, the number of wavelengths that pass a particular point in space per unit time.

  • hydrochlorofluorocarbons, (HCFCs)

    Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.

  • initiation

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which radicals are created.

  • Levorotatory

    Refers to a substance that rotates the plane of polarized light to the left.

  • metallic character

    The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)

  • oils

    Triglycerides that are liquids at room temperature.

  • R

    A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A clockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as R.

  • rem

    A measure of the biological damage caused by radiation; rems = rads * RBE. (Section 21.9)

  • Restriction endonuclease

    An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a particular phosphodiester bond within a DNA strand.

  • single bond

    A covalent bond involving one electron pair. (Section 8.3)

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