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Solutions for Chapter 12: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life 4th Edition

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780321750891 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Full solutions for General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321750891

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780321750891 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Solutions for Chapter 12

Solutions for Chapter 12
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Textbook: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life
Edition: 4
Author: Karen C. Timberlake
ISBN: 9780321750891

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321750891. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 12 includes 70 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life, edition: 4. Since 70 problems in chapter 12 have been answered, more than 124709 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • autocatalytic

    A reaction for which the reagent necessary to catalyze the reaction is produced by the reaction itself.

  • Avogadro’s law

    A statement that the volume of a gas maintained at constant temperature and pressure is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas. (Section 10.3)

  • buffer capacity

    The amount of acid or base a buffer can neutralize before the pH begins to change appreciably. (Section 17.2)

  • carbonyl group

    The C “O double bond, a characteristic feature of several organic functional groups, such as ketones and aldehydes. (Section 24.4)

  • chair conformation

    The lowest energy conformation for cyclohexane, in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and all hydrogen atoms are staggered.

  • covalent bond

    A bond formed between two or more atoms by a sharing of electrons. (Section 8.1)

  • deshielded

    In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is poor.

  • enamine

    A compound containing a nitrogen atom directly connected to a carboncarbon p bond.

  • enantiomer

    A nonsuperimposable mirror image.

  • Enol

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group bonded to a doubly bonded carbon atom.

  • excited state

    A state that is achieved when a compound absorbs energy.

  • ketose

    A carbohydrate that contains a ketone group.

  • linkage isomers

    Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which a ligand differs in its mode of attachment to a metal ion. (Section 23.4)

  • natural gas

    A naturally occurring mixture of gaseous hydrocarbon compounds composed of hydrogen and carbon. (Section 5.8)

  • Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique that gives information about the number and types of atoms in a molecule, for example, hydrogens (1 H!NMR) and carbons (13C!NMR)

  • ortho

    On an aromatic ring, the C2 position.

  • s-cis

    A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).

  • solute

    A substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution; it is normally the component of a solution present in the smaller amount. (Section 4.1)

  • sp3 Hybrid orbital

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and three 2p atomic orbitals.

  • strong activators

    Groups that strongly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly enhancing the rate of the reaction.

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