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Solutions for Chapter 20: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life 4th Edition

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780321750891 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Full solutions for General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321750891

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780321750891 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Solutions for Chapter 20

Solutions for Chapter 20
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Textbook: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life
Edition: 4
Author: Karen C. Timberlake
ISBN: 9780321750891

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life, edition: 4. Since 104 problems in chapter 20 have been answered, more than 108344 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 20 includes 104 full step-by-step solutions. General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321750891. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • aromatic hydrocarbons

    Hydrocarbon compounds that contain a planar, cyclic arrangement of carbon atoms linked by both s and delocalized p bonds. (Section 24.2)

  • autooxidation

    The slow oxidation of organic compounds that occurs in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.

  • conjugate acid–base pair

    An acid and a base, such as H2O and OH-, that differ only in the presence or absence of a proton. (Section 16.2)

  • diatomic molecule.

    A molecule that consists of two atoms. (2.5)

  • Disulfide

    A molecule containing an !S!S! group

  • elimination (of radicals)

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.

  • Gabriel synthesis

    A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.

  • halogen abstraction

    In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a halogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.

  • homopolymer

    A polymer constructed from a single type of monomer.

  • hydrogen bonding

    Bonding that results from intermolecular attractions between molecules containing hydrogen bonded to an electronegative element. The most important examples involve OH, NH, and HF. (Section 11.2)

  • Hyperconjugation

    Interaction of electrons in a s-bonding orbital with the vacant 2p orbital of an adjacent positively charged carbon.

  • ion–dipole force

    The force that exists between an ion and a neutral polar molecule that possesses a permanent dipole moment. (Section 11.2)

  • molal boiling-point-elevation constant (Kb)

    A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the increase in boiling point as a function of solution molality: ?Tb = Kbm. (Section 13.5)

  • molal freezing-point-depression constant (Kf)

    A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the decrease in freezing point as a function of solution molality: ?Tf = -Kf m. (Section 13.5)

  • photodissociation

    The breaking of a molecule into two or more neutral fragments as a result of absorption of light. (Section 18.2)

  • precision

    The closeness of agreement among several measurements of the same quantity; the reproducibility of a measurement. (Section 1.5)

  • Pro-R-hydrogen

    Replacing this hydrogen by deuterium gives a chiral center with an R confi guration

  • Raman spectroscopy

    A vibrational molecular spectroscopy that is complementary to infrared (IR) spectroscopy in that infrared inactive vibrations are seen in Raman spectroscopy.

  • Stereoisomers

    Isomers that have the same molecular formula and the same connectivity of their atoms but a different orientation of their atoms in space

  • Vinyl group

    A carbocation in which the positive charge is on one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.

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