- Chapter 1: Introduction: Matter and Measurement
- Chapter 10: GASES
- Chapter 11: INTERMOLECULAR FORCES, LIQUIDS, AND SOLIDS
- Chapter 12: MODERN MATERIALS
- Chapter 13: PROPERTIES OF SOLUTIONS
- Chapter 14: CHEMICAL KINETICS
- Chapter 15: CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM
- Chapter 16: ACID-BASE EQUILIBRIA
- Chapter 17: ADDITIONAL ASPECTS OF AQUEOUS EQUILIBRIA
- Chapter 18: CHEMISTRY OF THE ENVIRONMENT
- Chapter 19: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS
- Chapter 2: ATOMS, MOLECULES, AND IONS
- Chapter 20: ELECTROCHEMISTRY
- Chapter 21: NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY
- Chapter 22: CHEMISTRY OF THE NONMETALS
- Chapter 23: METALS AND METALLURGY
- Chapter 24: CHEMISTRY OF COORDINATION COMPOUNDS
- Chapter 25: THE CHEMISTRY OF LIFE: ORGANIC AND BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
- Chapter 3: STOICHIOMETRY: CALCULATIONS WITH CHEMICAL FORMULAS AND EQUATIONS
- Chapter 4: AQUEOUS REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
- Chapter 5: THERMOCHEMISTRY
- Chapter 6: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE OF ATOMS
- Chapter 7: PERIODIC PROPERTIES OF THE ELEMENTS
- Chapter 8: BASIC CONCEPTS OF CHEMICAL BONDING
- Chapter 9: MOLECULAR GEOMETRY AND BONDING THEORIES
Chemistry: The Central Science 11th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 11th Edition
alpha (a) position
The position immediately adjacent to a functional group.
The measurement of heat changes. (6.5)
A neutral molecule that contains a carbon atom surrounded by only six valence electrons (R2C:).
A technique by which compounds are separated from each other based on a difference in the way they interact with the medium (the adsorbent) through which they are passed.
dipole moment (m)
The amount of partial charge (d ) on either end of a dipole multiplied by the distance of separation (d): m=d × d
The process of separating compounds on the basis of their electric charge
A higher energy state than the ground state. (Section 6.3)
CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.
heat of combustion
The heat given off during a reaction in which an alkane reacts with oxygen to produce CO2 and water.
heat of vaporization
The enthalpy change, ?H, for vaporization of a liquid. (Section 11.4)
A catalyst that does not dissolve in the reaction medium.
A type of carbocation rearrangement that involves the migration of a hydride ion (H-).
A series of atoms, ions, or molecules having the same number of electrons. (Section 7.3)
nucleophilic aromatic substitution
A substitution reaction in which an aromatic ring is attacked by a nucleophile, which replaces a leaving group.
A rule stating that bonded atoms tend to possess or share a total of eight valence-shell electrons. (Section 8.1)
A device that uses strong magnetic and electrostatic fields to accelerate charged particles. (Section 21.3)
An electrically charged group of two or more atoms. (Section 2.7)
A process that can go back and forth between states along exactly the same path; a system at equilibrium is reversible if equilibrium can be shifted by an infinitesimal modification of a variable such as temperature. (Section 19.1)
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with only one p orbital to form two hybridized atomic orbitals.
A special type of stereoselective reaction in which the stereochemistry of the product is dependent on the stereochemistry of the starting material.
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