- Chapter 1: Introduction: Matter and Measurement
- Chapter 10: GASES
- Chapter 11: INTERMOLECULAR FORCES, LIQUIDS, AND SOLIDS
- Chapter 12: MODERN MATERIALS
- Chapter 13: PROPERTIES OF SOLUTIONS
- Chapter 14: CHEMICAL KINETICS
- Chapter 15: CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM
- Chapter 16: ACID-BASE EQUILIBRIA
- Chapter 17: ADDITIONAL ASPECTS OF AQUEOUS EQUILIBRIA
- Chapter 18: CHEMISTRY OF THE ENVIRONMENT
- Chapter 19: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS
- Chapter 2: ATOMS, MOLECULES, AND IONS
- Chapter 20: ELECTROCHEMISTRY
- Chapter 21: NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY
- Chapter 22: CHEMISTRY OF THE NONMETALS
- Chapter 23: METALS AND METALLURGY
- Chapter 24: CHEMISTRY OF COORDINATION COMPOUNDS
- Chapter 25: THE CHEMISTRY OF LIFE: ORGANIC AND BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
- Chapter 3: STOICHIOMETRY: CALCULATIONS WITH CHEMICAL FORMULAS AND EQUATIONS
- Chapter 4: AQUEOUS REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
- Chapter 5: THERMOCHEMISTRY
- Chapter 6: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE OF ATOMS
- Chapter 7: PERIODIC PROPERTIES OF THE ELEMENTS
- Chapter 8: BASIC CONCEPTS OF CHEMICAL BONDING
- Chapter 9: MOLECULAR GEOMETRY AND BONDING THEORIES
Chemistry: The Central Science 11th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 11th Edition
A high-energy molecular orbital resulting from the destructive interference between atomic orbitals.
cubic close packing
A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as close as possible, and the close-packed layers of atoms adopt a three-layer repeating pattern that leads to a face-centered cubic unit cell. (Section 12.3)
A molecule with one end having a partial negative charge and the other end having a partial positive charge; a polar molecule. (Section 8.4)
A solute that produces ions in solution; an electrolytic solution conducts an electric current. (Section 4.1)
A compound containing a nitrogen atom directly connected to a carboncarbon p bond.
Hydrogens that have the same chemical environment
The lowest-energy, or most stable, state. (Section 6.3)
A compound containing an !OOH group.
A homogeneous alloy with definite properties and a fixed composition. Intermetallic compounds are stoichiometric compounds that form between metallic elements. (Section 12.3)
loss of a leaving group
One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.
The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital.
A group of molecules arranged in a sphere such that the surface of the sphere is comprised of polar groups, rendering the micelle water soluble.
Nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile bonded to the carbon of an acyl group is replaced by another nucleophile.
A device that uses strong magnetic and electrostatic fields to accelerate charged particles. (Section 21.3)
parts per billion (ppb)
The concentration of a solution in grams of solute per 109 (billion) grams of solution; equals micrograms of solute per liter of solution for aqueous solutions. (Section 13.4)
A lipid containing glycerol esterifi ed with two molecules of fatty acid and one molecule of phosphoric acid.
The difference in energy between a resonance hybrid and the most stable of its hypothetical contributing structures in which electrons are localized on particular atoms and in particular bonds.
Ions that go through a reaction unchanged and that appear on both sides of the complete ionic equation. (Section 4.2)
standard emf, also called the standard cell potential 1E°2
The emf of a cell when all reagents are at standard conditions. (Section 20.4)
A carbocation in which the positive charge is on one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.