Solutions for Chapter 19: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS

Chemistry: The Central Science | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9780136006176 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown, H. Eugene H LeMay, Bruce E. Bursten, Catherine Murphy, Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 11th Edition

ISBN: 9780136006176

Chemistry: The Central Science | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9780136006176 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown, H. Eugene H LeMay, Bruce E. Bursten, Catherine Murphy, Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 19: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS

Solutions for Chapter 19
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 11
Author: Theodore E. Brown, H. Eugene H LeMay, Bruce E. Bursten, Catherine Murphy, Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780136006176

Chapter 19: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS includes 98 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science , edition: 11. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780136006176. Since 98 problems in chapter 19: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS have been answered, more than 6868 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Activation energy

    The difference in Gibbs free energy between reactants and a transition state

  • Acylium ion

    A resonance-stabilized cation with the structure [RC"O]1 or [ArC"O]1. The positive charge is delocalized over both the carbonyl carbon and the carbonyl oxygen.

  • Allylic substitution

    Any reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is substituted for another atom or group of atoms at an allylic carbon.

  • amino acids.

    A compound that contains at least one amino group and at least one carboxyl group. (25.3)

  • Aromatic compound

    A term used initially to classify benzene and its derivatives. More accurately, it is used to classify any compound that meets the Hückel criteria for aromaticity (Section 21.2A).

  • Atactic polymer

    A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene

  • carboxylic acid

    A compound that contains the ¬COOH functional group. (Sections 16.10 and 24.4)

  • Chain propagation

    A step in a chain reaction characterized by the reaction of a reactive intermediate and a molecule to give a new reactive intermediate and a new molecule.

  • chemical equation.

    An equation that uses chemical symbols to show what happens during a chemical reaction. (3.7)

  • condensed structure

    A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.

  • Enamine

    An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2

  • Hess’s law

    The heat evolved in a given process can be expressed as the sum of the heats of several processes that, when added, yield the process of interest. (Section 5.6)

  • hydrocracking

    A process performed in the presence of hydrogen gas by which large alkanes in petroleum are converted into smaller alkanes that are more suitable for use as gasoline.

  • Hydroxyl group

    An !OH group

  • kinetic control

    A reaction for which the product distribution is determined by the relative rates at which the products are formed.

  • nomenclature

    A system for naming organic compounds.

  • partially condensed structures

    A drawing style in which the CH bonds are not drawn explicitly, but all other bonds are drawn.

  • physiological pH

    The pH of blood (approximately 7.3).

  • protecting group

    A group that is used during synthesis to protect a functional group from the reaction conditions.

  • Zaitsev product

    The more substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.

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