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Solutions for Chapter Chapter 16: Amino Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes

Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321908445 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Full solutions for Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321908445

Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321908445 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 16: Amino Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 16
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Textbook: Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
Edition: 12
Author: Karen C. Timberlake
ISBN: 9780321908445

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, edition: 12. Since 86 problems in chapter Chapter 16: Amino Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes have been answered, more than 13737 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321908445. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter Chapter 16: Amino Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes includes 86 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aprotic solvent

    A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide

  • Bimolecular reaction

    A reaction in which two species are involved in the rate-determining step.

  • Carbonyl group (Section 1.3C)

    A C"O group.

  • chemical reactions

    Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical changes. (Section 1.3)

  • cubic close packing

    A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as close as possible, and the close-packed layers of atoms adopt a three-layer repeating pattern that leads to a face-centered cubic unit cell. (Section 12.3)

  • empirical formula

    A chemical formula that shows the kinds of atoms and their relative numbers in a substance in the smallest possible whole-number ratios. (Section 2.6)

  • ferromagnetism

    A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins align parallel to one another. (Section 23.1)

  • frontier orbital theory

    The analysis of a reaction using MO theory, where only the frontier orbitals (HOMO and LUMO) are considered.

  • heat capacity

    The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)

  • High-resolution mass spectrometry

    Instrumentation that is capable of separating ions that differ in mass by as little as 0.0001 amu

  • homolitic bond cleavage

    Bond breaking that results in the formation of unchanged species called radicals.

  • ionization energy

    The energy required to remove an electron from a gaseous atom when the atom is in its ground state. (Section 7.4)

  • Meta (m)

    Refers to groups occupying 1,3-positions on a benzene ring.

  • Michael acceptor

    The electrophile in a Michael reaction.

  • Nonbonding electrons

    Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.

  • oxidation state

    A method of electron book-keeping in which all bonds are treated as if they were purely ionic.

  • precipitate

    An insoluble substance that forms in, and separates from, a solution. (Section 4.2)

  • probability density 1c22

    A value that represents the probability that an electron will be found at a given point in space. Also called electron density. (Section 6.5)

  • secondary cell

    A voltaic cell that can be recharged. (Section 20.7)

  • Syndiotactic polymer

    A polymer with alternating R and S confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, syndiotactic polypropylene

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