Solutions for Chapter 4: Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions

Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780073048598 | Authors: Martin S. Silberberg

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780073048598

Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780073048598 | Authors: Martin S. Silberberg

Solutions for Chapter 4: Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions

Solutions for Chapter 4
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change
Edition: 5
Author: Martin S. Silberberg
ISBN: 9780073048598

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change , edition: 5. Since 144 problems in chapter 4: Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions have been answered, more than 11480 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073048598. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 4: Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions includes 144 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Absolute confi guration

    Which of the two possible isomers an enantiomer is (i.e., whether it is the right- or left-handed isomer).

  • acid-catalyzed hydration

    A reaction that achieves the addition of water across a double bond in the presence of an acid catalyst.

  • autoionization

    The process whereby water spontaneously forms low concentrations of H+1aq2 and OH-1aq2 ions by proton transfer from one water molecule to another. (Section 16.3)

  • boiling-point elevation (DTb).

    The boiling point of the solution (Tb) minus the boiling point of the pure solvent (T° b). (12.6)

  • carboxylic acid

    A compound that contains the ¬COOH functional group. (Sections 16.10 and 24.4)

  • colligative property

    A property of a solvent (vapor-pressure lowering, freezing-point lowering, boiling-point elevation, osmotic pressure) that depends on the total concentration of solute particles present. (Section 13.5)

  • dehydrohalogenation

    An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and a halogen (such as Cl, Br, or I).

  • Double-headed arrow

    A symbol used to show that structures on either side of it are resonance-contributing structures

  • Energy

    The ability to do work.

  • enzyme

    A protein molecule that acts to catalyze specific biochemical reactions. (Section 14.7)

  • ferrimagnetism

    A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on different-type ions point in opposite directions but do not fully cancel out. (Section 23.1)

  • functional group

    A characteristic group of atoms/bonds that possess a predictable chemical behavior.

  • Geminal coupling

    Spin-spin coupling that occurs between nonequivalent H atoms bonded to the same C atom. The H atoms are generally nonequivalent owing to restricted bond rotation in the molecule

  • homogeneous catalysts

    A catalyst that dissolves in the reaction medium.

  • hydration

    Solvation when the solvent is water. (Section 13.1)

  • Messenger RNA (mRNA)

    A ribonucleic acid that carries coded genetic information from DNA to the ribosomes for the synthesis of proteins

  • oxaphosphetane

    An intermediate that is believed to be formed during Wittig reactions.

  • Plane of symmetry

    An imaginary plane passing through an object dividing it so that one half is the mirror image of the other half

  • s-trans

    A conformation of a conjugateddiene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is translike (a dihedral angle of 180°).

  • Valence electrons

    Electrons in the valence (outermost) shell of an atom.

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