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Solutions for Chapter 4: Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions

Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780073048598 | Authors: Martin S. Silberberg

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780073048598

Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780073048598 | Authors: Martin S. Silberberg

Solutions for Chapter 4: Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions

Solutions for Chapter 4
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change
Edition: 5
Author: Martin S. Silberberg
ISBN: 9780073048598

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change , edition: 5. Since 144 problems in chapter 4: Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions have been answered, more than 24134 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073048598. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 4: Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions includes 144 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aceto group

    A CH3CO! group; also called an acetyl group

  • acidic anhydride (acidic oxide)

    An oxide that forms an acid when added to water; soluble nonmetal oxides are acidic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)

  • amphoteric oxide.

    An oxide that exhibits both acidic and basic properties. (8.6)

  • Aufbau principle

    A rule that determines the order in which orbitals are filled by electrons. Specifically, the lowest energy orbital is filled first.

  • Autoxidation

    Air oxidation of materials such as unsaturated fatty acids.

  • bond cleavage

    The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).

  • cathode rays

    Streams of electrons that are produced when a high voltage is applied to electrodes in an evacuated tube. (Section 2.2)

  • Chain length

    The number of times the cycle of chain propagation steps repeats in a chain reaction.

  • cohesion.

    The intermolecular attraction between like molecules. (11.3)

  • Cumulated

    A cumulated diene is one in which two double bonds share an sp-hybridized carbon

  • disrotatory

    In electrocyclicreactions, a type of rotation in which the orbitalsbeing used to form the new s bond must rotate in opposite directions (one rotates clockwise while the other rotates counterclockwise).

  • electronegativity

    A measure of the ability of an atom that is bonded to another atom to attract electrons to itself. (Section 8.4)

  • Excited state

    A state of a system at higher energy than the ground state.

  • Henderson–Hasselbalch equation

    The relationship among the pH, pKa, and the concentrations of acid and conjugate base in an aqueous solution: pH = pKa + log 3base4 3acid4. (Section 17.2)

  • hydrophobic

    Water repelling. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)

  • instantaneous rate

    The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)

  • monosaccharide

    A simple sugar, most commonly containing six carbon atoms. The joining together of monosaccharide units by condensation reactions results in formation of polysaccharides. (Section 24.8)

  • Reductive elimination

    Elimination of two substituents at a metal center, causing the oxidation state of the metal to decrease by two.

  • thiols

    Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).

  • Upfield

    A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the right (smaller chemical shift) on the chart paper.

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