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Solutions for Chapter 13: The Properties of Mixtures: Solutions and Colloids

Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780073048598 | Authors: Martin S. Silberberg

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780073048598

Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780073048598 | Authors: Martin S. Silberberg

Solutions for Chapter 13: The Properties of Mixtures: Solutions and Colloids

Solutions for Chapter 13
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change
Edition: 5
Author: Martin S. Silberberg
ISBN: 9780073048598

Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073048598. Chapter 13: The Properties of Mixtures: Solutions and Colloids includes 163 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 163 problems in chapter 13: The Properties of Mixtures: Solutions and Colloids have been answered, more than 31981 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change , edition: 5.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • actual yield.

    The amount of product actually obtained in a reaction. (3.10)

  • alcohol

    A compound that possesses a hydroxyl group (OH).

  • Allyl

    A !CH2CH"CH2 group.

  • anion

    A negatively charged ion. (Section 2.7)

  • block copolymer

    A copolymer in which the different homopolymer subunits are connected together in one chain.

  • Carbonyl group (Section 1.3C)

    A C"O group.

  • chiral

    A term describing a molecule or an ion that cannot be superimposed on its mirror image. (Sections 23.4 and 24.5)

  • chlorophyll

    A plant pigment that plays a major role in conversion of solar energy to chemical energy in photosynthesis. (Section 23.3)

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • entropy

    A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)

  • Grignard reagent

    A carbanion with the structure RMgX.

  • Hybrid orbital

    An orbital formed by the combination of two or more atomic orbitals.

  • Lewis dot structure

    The symbol of an element surrounded by a number of dots equal to the number of electrons in the valence shell of the atom

  • Mercaptan

    A common name for a thiol; that is, any compound that contains an -SH (sulfhydryl) group

  • mineral

    A solid, inorganic substance occurring in nature, such as calcium carbonate, which occurs as calcite. (Section 23.1)

  • oxidation–reduction (redox) reaction

    A chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of certain atoms change. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)

  • Protic solvent

    A solvent that is a hydrogen-bond donor. Common protic solvents are water, low-molecular-weight alcohols, and low-molecular weight carboxylic acids.

  • quantum

    The smallest increment of radiant energy that may be absorbed or emitted; the magnitude of radiant energy is hn. (Section 6.2)

  • rate constant

    A constant of proportionality between the reaction rate and the concentrations of reactants that appear in the rate law. (Section 14.3)

  • Steric strain

    The strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by four or more bonds are forced closer to each other than their atomic (contact) radii would allow. Steric strain is also called non-bonded interaction strain, or van der Waals strain.

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