- Chapter 1: The Chemical World
- Chapter Chapter 1: The Chemical World
- Chapter Chapter 10: Chemical Bonding
- Chapter Chapter 11: Gases
- Chapter Chapter 12: Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces
- Chapter Chapter 13: Solutions
- Chapter Chapter 14: Acids and Bases
- Chapter Chapter 15: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter Chapter 16: Oxidation and Reduction
- Chapter Chapter 17: Radioactivity and Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter Chapter 18: Organic Chemistry
- Chapter Chapter 19: Biochemistry
- Chapter Chapter 2: Measurement and Problem Solving
- Chapter Chapter 3: Matter and Energy
- Chapter Chapter 4: Atoms and Elements
- Chapter Chapter 5: Molecules and Compounds
- Chapter Chapter 6: Chemical Composition
- Chapter Chapter 7: Chemical Reactions
- Chapter Chapter 8: Quantities in Chemical Reactions
- Chapter Chapter 9: Electrons in Atoms and the Periodic Table
Introductory Chemistry 4th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 4th Edition
basic oxide (basic anhydride)
An oxide that either reacts with water to form a base or reacts with an acid to form a salt and water. (Section 22.5)
The enthalpy change required to break a bond in a mole of gaseous molecules. (9.10)
The distance between atoms in a covalent bond in picometers (pm; 1 pm 5 10212 m) or Å (1Å 5 10210 m).
A compound that delivers the elements of a carbene without actually producing a free carbene.
A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.
A conjugated diene or carbonyl is one in which the double bonds are separated by one single bond
A compound inwhich two carbon-carbon p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.
A force that becomes significant when polar molecules come in close contact with one another. The force is attractive when the positive end of one polar molecule approaches the negative end of another. (Section 11.2)
The lowest energy state of a system.
The highest occupied molecular orbital.
Any molecular vibration that leads to a substantial change in dipole moment and is observed in an IR spectrum.
Any molecule or ion that can form a new covalent bond by donating a pair of electrons.
From the Greek, mono 1 meros, meaning single part. The simplest nonredundant unit from which a polymer is synthesized.
A reaction in which one compound undergoes an increase in oxidation state.
The sign of the wave function at particular coordinates in space, either plus or minus. Phasing is often represented by colors, such as red or blue
Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.
A characteristic that gives a sample of matter its unique identity. (Section 1.1)
A term used to indicate that a certain volume of a compound will dissolve in a specified amount of a liquid at room temperature.
The highest energy point on a reaction coordinate diagram. The chemical structure at this point is commonly called an activated complex.
For mechanisms, astep that involves only one chemical entity.