- Chapter 1: The Chemical World
- Chapter Chapter 1: The Chemical World
- Chapter Chapter 10: Chemical Bonding
- Chapter Chapter 11: Gases
- Chapter Chapter 12: Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces
- Chapter Chapter 13: Solutions
- Chapter Chapter 14: Acids and Bases
- Chapter Chapter 15: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter Chapter 16: Oxidation and Reduction
- Chapter Chapter 17: Radioactivity and Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter Chapter 18: Organic Chemistry
- Chapter Chapter 19: Biochemistry
- Chapter Chapter 2: Measurement and Problem Solving
- Chapter Chapter 3: Matter and Energy
- Chapter Chapter 4: Atoms and Elements
- Chapter Chapter 5: Molecules and Compounds
- Chapter Chapter 6: Chemical Composition
- Chapter Chapter 7: Chemical Reactions
- Chapter Chapter 8: Quantities in Chemical Reactions
- Chapter Chapter 9: Electrons in Atoms and the Periodic Table
Introductory Chemistry 4th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 4th Edition
A summary of the results of many possible displacement reactions. (4.4)
An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)
A carbocation in which the positive charge is adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.
The heating of an ore to bring about its decomposition and the elimination of a volatile product. For example, a carbonate ore might be calcined to drive off CO2. (Section 23.2)
A binary compound of carbon with a metal or metalloid. (Section 22.9)
A temperature scale on which water freezes at 0° and boils at 100° at sea level. (Section 1.4)
An equation that uses chemical symbols to show what happens during a chemical reaction. (3.7)
A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring roughly perpendicular to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly along the equator of a cyclohexane ring
The energy released when 1 g of a substance is combusted. (Section 5.8)
Proteins that consist of chains that are coiled into compact shapes.
Radiation that has sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule, thereby ionizing it. (Section 21.9)
The equilibrium that is established between an enol and a ketone in either acid-catalyzed or basecatalyzed conditions.
Molecular dipole moment (m)
The vector sum of individual bond dipoles.
Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.
pi (p) bond
A bond formed from adjacent, overlapping p orbitals.
Planck constant (h)
The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)
A ligand in which two or more donor atoms can coordinate to the same metal ion. (Section 23.3)
A large molecule of high molecular mass, formed by the joining together, or polymerization, of a large number of molecules of low molecular mass. The individual molecules forming the polymer are called monomers. (Sections 12.1 and 12.8)
A member of the family of compounds having the 20-carbon skeleton of prostanoic acid
A mixture of substances that has a uniform composition; a homogeneous mixture. (Section 1.2)