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Introductory Chemistry 4th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321687937

Introductory Chemistry | 4th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321687937. Since problems from 20 chapters in Introductory Chemistry have been answered, more than 5563 students have viewed full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem in Introductory Chemistry were answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 03/14/18, 08:00PM. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 4. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters: 20.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activation energy (Ea).

    The minimum amount of energy required to initiate a chemical reaction. (13.4)

  • aldol condensation

    An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.

  • anti conformation

    A conformation in which the dihedral angle between two groups is 180°.

  • bond length.

    The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)

  • collision model

    A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)

  • Conjugate addition

    Addition of a nucleophile to the b-carbon of an a,b-unsaturated carbonyl compound. (Section 20.2A) Addition to carbons 1 and 4 of a conjugated diene.

  • coupling constant

    When signal splitting occurs in NMR spectroscopy, the distance between the individual peaks of a signal.

  • Dienophile

    A compound containing a double bond (consisting of one or two C, N, or O atoms) that can react with a conjugated diene to give a Diels-Alder adduct.

  • Excited state

    A state of a system at higher energy than the ground state.

  • Glycoside

    A carbohydrate in which the !OH on its anomeric carbon is replaced by !OR

  • Grignard reagent

    A carbanion with the structure RMgX.

  • HOMO

    The highest occupied molecular orbital.

  • isolated diene

    A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds that are separated by two or more s bonds.

  • nonaromatic

    A compound that lacks a ring with a continuous system of overlapping p orbitals.

  • nonpolar covalent bond

    A covalent bond in which the electrons are shared equally. (Section 8.4) normal boiling point The boiling point at 1 atm pressure. (Section 11.5)

  • polyether

    A compound containing several ether groups.

  • Primary structure of proteins

    The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain, read from the N-terminal amino acid to the C-terminal amino acid.

  • S (Section 3.3

    From the Latin, sinister, left; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is counterclockwise

  • secondary cell

    A voltaic cell that can be recharged. (Section 20.7)

  • Specifi c rotation

    The observed rotation of the plane of polarized light when a sample is placed in a tube 1.0 dm in length and at a concentration of 1 g/mL for a solution. For a pure liquid, concentration is expressed in g/mL (density).

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