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Textbooks / Chemistry / Introductory Chemistry 4

Introductory Chemistry 4th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321687937

Introductory Chemistry | 4th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321687937. Since problems from 20 chapters in Introductory Chemistry have been answered, more than 40285 students have viewed full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem in Introductory Chemistry were answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 03/14/18, 08:00PM. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 4. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters: 20.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acidic anhydride (acidic oxide)

    An oxide that forms an acid when added to water; soluble nonmetal oxides are acidic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)

  • activation energy (Ea).

    The minimum amount of energy required to initiate a chemical reaction. (13.4)

  • Aprotic solvent

    A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide

  • Atactic polymer

    A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene

  • atomic number (Z).

    The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom. (2.3)

  • Base peak

    The peak caused by the most abundant ion in a mass spectrum; the most intense peak. It is assigned an arbitrary intensity of 100

  • Boyle’s law.

    The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant temperature is inversely proportional to the gas pressure. (5.3)

  • carbocation

    An intermediate containing a positively charged carbon atom.

  • chlor-alkali process.

    The production of chlorine gas by the electrolysis of aqueous NaCl solution. (22.6)

  • condensation reaction.

    A reaction in which two smaller molecules combine to form a larger molecule. Water is invariably one of the products of such a reaction. (24.4)

  • coordination compound

    A compound containing a metal ion bonded to a group of surrounding molecules or ions that act as ligands. (Section 23.2)

  • core electrons

    The electrons that are not in the outermost shell of an atom. (Section 6.8)

  • crossed aldol reaction

    An aldol reaction that occurs between different partners.

  • crystallization

    The process in which molecules, ions, or atoms come together to form a crystalline solid. (Section 13.2)

  • half-reaction

    An equation for either an oxidation or a reduction that explicitly shows the electrons involved, for example, Zn2 + 1aq2 + 2 e- ¡ Zn1s2. (Section 20.2)

  • isomers

    Compounds whose molecules have the same overall composition but different structures. (Sections 2.9 and 23.4)

  • Lipid

    A biomolecule isolated from plant or animal sources by extraction with nonpolar organic solvents, such as diethyl ether and hexane.

  • orbital

    An allowed energy state of an electron in the quantum mechanical model of the atom; the term orbital is also used to describe the spatial distribution of the electron. An orbital is defined by the values of three quantum numbers: n, l, and ml (Section 6.5)

  • Shell

    A region of space around a nucleus that can be occupied by electrons, corresponding to a principal quantum number

  • Woodward-Fieser rules

    Rules for predicting the wavelength of maximum absorption for a compound with extended conjugation.