- Chapter 1: The Chemical World
- Chapter Chapter 1: The Chemical World
- Chapter Chapter 10: Chemical Bonding
- Chapter Chapter 11: Gases
- Chapter Chapter 12: Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces
- Chapter Chapter 13: Solutions
- Chapter Chapter 14: Acids and Bases
- Chapter Chapter 15: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter Chapter 16: Oxidation and Reduction
- Chapter Chapter 17: Radioactivity and Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter Chapter 18: Organic Chemistry
- Chapter Chapter 19: Biochemistry
- Chapter Chapter 2: Measurement and Problem Solving
- Chapter Chapter 3: Matter and Energy
- Chapter Chapter 4: Atoms and Elements
- Chapter Chapter 5: Molecules and Compounds
- Chapter Chapter 6: Chemical Composition
- Chapter Chapter 7: Chemical Reactions
- Chapter Chapter 8: Quantities in Chemical Reactions
- Chapter Chapter 9: Electrons in Atoms and the Periodic Table
Introductory Chemistry 4th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 4th Edition
activation energy (Ea).
The minimum amount of energy required to initiate a chemical reaction. (13.4)
An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.
A conformation in which the dihedral angle between two groups is 180°.
The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)
A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)
Addition of a nucleophile to the b-carbon of an a,b-unsaturated carbonyl compound. (Section 20.2A) Addition to carbons 1 and 4 of a conjugated diene.
When signal splitting occurs in NMR spectroscopy, the distance between the individual peaks of a signal.
A compound containing a double bond (consisting of one or two C, N, or O atoms) that can react with a conjugated diene to give a Diels-Alder adduct.
A state of a system at higher energy than the ground state.
A carbohydrate in which the !OH on its anomeric carbon is replaced by !OR
A carbanion with the structure RMgX.
The highest occupied molecular orbital.
A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds that are separated by two or more s bonds.
A compound that lacks a ring with a continuous system of overlapping p orbitals.
nonpolar covalent bond
A covalent bond in which the electrons are shared equally. (Section 8.4) normal boiling point The boiling point at 1 atm pressure. (Section 11.5)
A compound containing several ether groups.
Primary structure of proteins
The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain, read from the N-terminal amino acid to the C-terminal amino acid.
S (Section 3.3
From the Latin, sinister, left; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is counterclockwise
A voltaic cell that can be recharged. (Section 20.7)
Specifi c rotation
The observed rotation of the plane of polarized light when a sample is placed in a tube 1.0 dm in length and at a concentration of 1 g/mL for a solution. For a pure liquid, concentration is expressed in g/mL (density).
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