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Solutions for Chapter Chapter 1: The Chemical World

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321687937

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 1: The Chemical World

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 1
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 4
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321687937

Chapter Chapter 1: The Chemical World includes 20 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 4. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321687937. Since 20 problems in chapter Chapter 1: The Chemical World have been answered, more than 19703 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • aliphatic hydrocarbons.

    Hydrocarbons that do not contain the benzene group or the benzene ring. (24.1)

  • alkaline earth metals

    Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)

  • amidomalonate synthesis

    A synthetic method that employs diethyl acetamidomalonate as the starting material and enables the preparation of racemic a-amino acids.

  • chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)

    Compound containing only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine.

  • conjugate acid

    A substance formed by addition of a proton to a Brønsted–Lowry base. (Section 16.2)

  • Contributing structures

    Representations of a molecule or ion that differ only in the distribution of valence electrons.

  • crystallite

    A region of a polymer inwhich the chains are linearly extended and closein proximity to one another, resulting in van der Waals forces that hold the chains close together.

  • d-Monosaccharide

    A monosaccharide that, when written as a Fischer projection, has the !OH on its penultimate carbon to the right.

  • diazonium salt

    An ionic compound that is formed upon treatment of a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.

  • Ground state

    The lowest energy state of a system.

  • half-life

    The time required for the concentration of a reactant substance to decrease to half its initial value; the time required for half of a sample of a particular radioisotope to decay. (Sections 14.4 and 21.4)

  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL)

    Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.

  • hydrolysis

    A reaction in which bonds are cleaved by treatment with water.

  • ketone

    A compound in which the carbonyl group 1C “O2 occurs at the interior of a carbon chain and is therefore flanked by carbon atoms. (Section 24.4)

  • Ligand

    A Lewis base bonded to a metal atom in a coordination compound. It may bond strongly or weakly.

  • metallic elements (metals)

    Elements that are usually solids at room temperature, exhibit high electrical and heat conductivity, and appear lustrous. Most of the elements in the periodic table are metals. (Sections 2.5 and 12.1)

  • polydentate ligand

    A ligand in which two or more donor atoms can coordinate to the same metal ion. (Section 23.3)

  • R

    A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A clockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as R.

  • Secondary (2°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogen

  • spin-pairing energy

    The energy required to pair an electron with another electron occupying an orbital. (Section 23.6)

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