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Solutions for Chapter 1: The Chemical World
Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 4th Edition
Specific site on a heterogeneous catalyst or an enzyme where catalysis occurs. (Section 14.7)
The addition of H2 across only one face of a p bond.
The wave function (?) of an electron in an atom. (7.5)
Cis, trans isomers
Stereoisomers that have the same connectivity but a different arrangement of their atoms in space as a result of the presence of either a ring or a carboncarbon double bond.
Tables of data on absorption patterns of functional groups.
A bond that results when two atoms share a pair of electrons.
Removal of !H and !X from adjacent carbons; a type of b-elimination
A compound that reacts with a diene in a Diels-Alder reaction.
Gibbs free energy
A thermodynamic state function that combines enthalpy and entropy, in the form G = H - TS. For a change occurring at constant temperature and pressure, the change in free energy is ?G = ?H - T?S. (Section 19.5)
The highest occupied molecular orbital.
A back-to-back arrangement of phospholipid monolayers, often forming a closed vesicle or membrane.
A ligand that binds to the metal ion via a single donor atom. It occupies one position in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)
A compound that lacks a ring with a continuous system of overlapping p orbitals.
Plane of symmetry
An imaginary plane passing through an object dividing it so that one half is the mirror image of the other half
A voltaic cell that cannot be recharged. (Section 20.7)
For proteins, the sequence of amino acid residues.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.
A law stating that the partial pressure of a solvent over a solution, Psolution, is given by the vapor pressure of the pure solvent, P° solvent, times the mole fraction of a solvent in the solution, Xsolvent: Psolution = XsolventP° solvent. (Section 13.5)
A detailed picture, or model, of how the reaction occurs; that is, the order in which bonds are broken and formed and the changes in relative positions of the atoms as the reaction proceeds. (Section 14.6)
A conformation about a carbon-carbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as far apart as possible from atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.