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Solutions for Chapter 1: The Chemical World

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321687937

Solutions for Chapter 1: The Chemical World

Solutions for Chapter 1
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 4. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321687937. Chapter 1: The Chemical World includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 1: The Chemical World have been answered, more than 20044 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • active site

    Specific site on a heterogeneous catalyst or an enzyme where catalysis occurs. (Section 14.7)

  • asymmetric hydrogenation

    The addition of H2 across only one face of a p bond.

  • atomic orbital.

    The wave function (?) of an electron in an atom. (7.5)

  • Cis, trans isomers

    Stereoisomers that have the same connectivity but a different arrangement of their atoms in space as a result of the presence of either a ring or a carboncarbon double bond.

  • Correlation tables

    Tables of data on absorption patterns of functional groups.

  • covalent bond

    A bond that results when two atoms share a pair of electrons.

  • Dehydrohalogenation

    Removal of !H and !X from adjacent carbons; a type of b-elimination

  • dienophile

    A compound that reacts with a diene in a Diels-Alder reaction.

  • Gibbs free energy

    A thermodynamic state function that combines enthalpy and entropy, in the form G = H - TS. For a change occurring at constant temperature and pressure, the change in free energy is ?G = ?H - T?S. (Section 19.5)

  • HOMO

    The highest occupied molecular orbital.

  • Lipid bilayer

    A back-to-back arrangement of phospholipid monolayers, often forming a closed vesicle or membrane.

  • monodentate ligand

    A ligand that binds to the metal ion via a single donor atom. It occupies one position in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)

  • nonaromatic

    A compound that lacks a ring with a continuous system of overlapping p orbitals.

  • Plane of symmetry

    An imaginary plane passing through an object dividing it so that one half is the mirror image of the other half

  • primary cell

    A voltaic cell that cannot be recharged. (Section 20.7)

  • primary structure

    For proteins, the sequence of amino acid residues.

  • quintet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.

  • Raoult’s law

    A law stating that the partial pressure of a solvent over a solution, Psolution, is given by the vapor pressure of the pure solvent, P° solvent, times the mole fraction of a solvent in the solution, Xsolvent: Psolution = XsolventP° solvent. (Section 13.5)

  • reaction mechanism

    A detailed picture, or model, of how the reaction occurs; that is, the order in which bonds are broken and formed and the changes in relative positions of the atoms as the reaction proceeds. (Section 14.6)

  • Staggered conformation

    A conformation about a carbon-carbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as far apart as possible from atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.

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