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Solutions for Chapter Chapter 9: Electrons in Atoms and the Periodic Table

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321687937

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 9: Electrons in Atoms and the Periodic Table

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 9
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 4
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321687937

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321687937. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 4. Since 114 problems in chapter Chapter 9: Electrons in Atoms and the Periodic Table have been answered, more than 17014 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter Chapter 9: Electrons in Atoms and the Periodic Table includes 114 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • annulenes

    Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is [6]annulene.

  • atactic

    A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which are not arranged in a pattern (they have random configurations).

  • benzylic position

    A carbon atom that is immediately adjacent to a benzene ring.

  • carbocation

    An intermediate containing a positively charged carbon atom.

  • collision model

    A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)

  • Condensation polymerization

    A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers. Also called step-growth polymerization.

  • copolymer

    A complex polymer resulting from the polymerization of two or more chemically different monomers. (Section 12.8)

  • critical temperature

    The highest temperature at which it is possible to convert the gaseous form of a substance to a liquid. The critical temperature increases with an increase in the magnitude of intermolecular forces. (Section 11.4)

  • diazonium salt

    An ionic compound that is formed upon treatment of a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.

  • elimination

    A reaction involving the loss of a leaving group and formation of a p bond.

  • enthalpy of formation

    The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)

  • intermetallic compound

    A homogeneous alloy with definite properties and a fixed composition. Intermetallic compounds are stoichiometric compounds that form between metallic elements. (Section 12.3)

  • kinetics

    A term that refers to the rate of a reaction.

  • lipid

    Naturally occurring compoundsthat can be extracted from cells usingnonpolar organic solvents.

  • London dispersion forces

    Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.

  • Molecular orbital (MO) theory

    A theory of chemical bonding in which electrons in molecules occupy molecular orbitals that extend over the entire molecule and are formed by the combination of the atomic orbitals that make up the molecule

  • off-resonance decoupling

    In NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which only the one-bond couplings are observed. CH3 groups appear as quartets, CH2 groups appear as triplets, CH groups appear as doublets, and quaternary carbon atoms appear as singlets.

  • Tautomers

    Constitutional isomers in equilibrium with each other that differ in the location of a hydrogen atom and a double bond relative to a heteroatom, most commonly O, N, or S.

  • Triglyceride (triacylglycerol)

    An ester of glycerol with three fatty acids

  • Z (Section 5.2C)

    From the German, zusammen, meaning opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on the same side

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