Solutions for Chapter Chapter 9: Electrons in Atoms and the Periodic Table

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321687937

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 9: Electrons in Atoms and the Periodic Table

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 9
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 4
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321687937

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321687937. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 4. Since 114 problems in chapter Chapter 9: Electrons in Atoms and the Periodic Table have been answered, more than 6794 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter Chapter 9: Electrons in Atoms and the Periodic Table includes 114 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • amphiprotic

    Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)

  • Aufbau principle

    Orbitals fi ll in order of increasing energy, from lowest to highest.

  • band

    An array of closely spaced molecular orbitals occupying a discrete range of energy. (Section 12.4)

  • Born-Haber cycle.

    The cycle that relates lattice energies of ionic compounds to ionization energies, electron affinities, heats of sublimation and formation, and bond enthalpies. (9.3)

  • Brønsted base.

    A substance capable of accepting a proton. (4.3)

  • carbohydrates

    Polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones with molecular formula CxH2xOx.

  • crossed aldol reaction

    An aldol reaction that occurs between different partners.

  • dehydration

    An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and OH.

  • Dielectric constant

    A measure of a solvent’s ability to insulate opposite charges from one another

  • Dipole-dipole interaction

    The attraction between the positive end of one dipole and the negative end of another.

  • directed aldol addition

    A techniquefor performing a crossed aldol addition thatproduces one major product.

  • intermolecular forces

    The attractive forces between molecules.

  • Isomers

    Different compounds with the same molecular formula.

  • lattice vectors

    The vectors a, b, and c that define a crystal lattice. The position of any lattice point in a crystal can be represented by summing integer multiples of the lattice vectors. (Section 12.2)

  • Markovnikov’s rule

    In the addition of HX, H2O, or ROH to an alkene, hydrogen adds to the carbon of the double bond having the greater number of hydrogens.

  • Polyunsaturated triglyceride

    A triglyceride having several carbon-carbon double bonds in the hydrocarbon chains of its three fatty acids.

  • rate-determining step

    The sloweststep in a multistep reaction which determines the rate of the reaction.

  • Strecker synthesis

    A synthetictechnique for preparing racemic a-amino acidsfrom aldehydes.

  • thermoplastics

    Polymers that are hard at room temperature but soft when heated.

  • Watson-Crick model

    A double-helix model for the secondary structure of a DNA molecule

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