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Solutions for Chapter Chapter 13: Solutions

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321687937

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 13: Solutions

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 13
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 4
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321687937

Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321687937. Since 134 problems in chapter Chapter 13: Solutions have been answered, more than 18900 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter Chapter 13: Solutions includes 134 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 4.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • actinide series.

    Elements that have incompletely filled 5f subshells or readily give rise to cations that have incompletely filled 5f subshells. (7.9)

  • Antibonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electrons have a higher energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals

  • conjugate acid-base pair.

    An acid and its conjugate base or a base and its conjugate acid. (15.1)

  • disrotatory

    In electrocyclicreactions, a type of rotation in which the orbitalsbeing used to form the new s bond must rotate in opposite directions (one rotates clockwise while the other rotates counterclockwise).

  • Electronegativity

    A measure of the force of an atom’s attraction for electrons

  • Fatty acid

    A long, unbranched-chain carboxylic acid, most commonly of 12 to 20 carbons, derived from the hydrolysis of animal fats, vegetable oils, or the phospholipids of biological membranes.

  • homogeneous catalysts

    A catalyst that dissolves in the reaction medium.

  • kinetics

    A term that refers to the rate of a reaction.

  • Lindlar catalyst

    Finely powdered palladium metal deposited on solid calcium carbonate that has been specially modifi ed with lead salts. Its particular use is as a catalyst for the reduction of an alkyne to a cis alkene

  • molar heat capacity

    The heat required to raise the temperature of one mole of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)

  • Nucleic acid

    A biopolymer containing three types of monomer units: heterocyclic aromatic amine bases derived from purine and pyrimidine, the monosaccharides d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose, and phosphoric acid

  • Nucleophilicity

    A kinetic property measured by the rate at which a nucleophile causes nucleophilic substitution on a reference compound under a standardized set of experimental conditions.

  • Orthogonal

    Having no net overlap.

  • polarimeter

    A device that measures the rotation of plane-polarized light caused by optically active compounds.

  • Prostaglandin

    A member of the family of compounds having the 20-carbon skeleton of prostanoic acid

  • reaction quotient (Q)

    The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)

  • Schiemann reaction

    The conversion of an aryl diazonium salt into fluorobenzene upon treatment with fluoroboric acid (HBF4).

  • solution alloy

    A homogeneous alloy, where two or more elements are distributed randomly and uniformly throughout the solid. (Section 12.3)

  • Spin-spin coupling

    An interaction in which nuclear spins of adjacent atoms infl uence each other and lead to the spitting of NMR signals.

  • Z

    For alkenes, a stereodescriptor that indicates that the two priority groups are on the same side of the p bond.

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