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Textbooks / Chemistry / Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation 7

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation 7th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9781439049402

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781439049402. The full step-by-step solution to problem in Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation were answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 03/14/18, 08:03PM. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, edition: 7. Since problems from 21 chapters in Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation have been answered, more than 13010 students have viewed full step-by-step answer. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters: 21.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Activating group

    Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.

  • amine

    A compound that has the general formula R3N, where R may be H or a hydrocarbon group. (Section 16.7)

  • atomic mass unit (amu)

    A unit based on the value of exactly 12 amu for the mass of the isotope of carbon that has six protons and six neutrons in the nucleus. (Sections 2.3 and 3.3)

  • band structure

    The electronic structure of a solid, defining the allowed ranges of energy for electrons in a solid. (Section 12.7)

  • beta emission

    A nuclear decay process where a beta particle is emitted from the nucleus; also called beta decay. (Section 21.1)

  • bond angles

    The angles made by the lines joining the nuclei of the atoms in a molecule. (Section 9.1)

  • carboxylic acid

    A compound that contains the ¬COOH functional group. (Sections 16.10 and 24.4)

  • chemical kinetics.

    The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (13.1)

  • decomposition reaction.

    The breakdown of a compound into two or more components. (4.4)

  • degenerate

    A situation in which two or more orbitals have the same energy. (Section 6.7)

  • hydrocracking

    A process performed in the presence of hydrogen gas by which large alkanes in petroleum are converted into smaller alkanes that are more suitable for use as gasoline.

  • molar heat capacity

    The heat required to raise the temperature of one mole of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)

  • noble gases

    Members of group 8A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)

  • norbornane

    The common name for bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane.

  • periodic table

    The arrangement of elements in order of increasing atomic number, with elements having similar properties placed in vertical columns. (Section 2.5)

  • photosynthesis

    The process that occurs in plant leaves by which light energy is used to convert carbon dioxide and water to carbohydrates and oxygen. (Section 23.3)

  • radioactive

    Possessing radioactivity, the spontaneous disintegration of an unstable atomic nucleus with accompanying emission of radiation. (Section 2.2; Chapter 21: Introduction)

  • Sigma (s) molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated between two nuclei, along the axis joining them, and is cylindrically symmetrical

  • weak activators

    Groups that weakly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby enhancing the rate of the reaction.

  • zwitterion

    A net neutral compound that exhibits charge separation. Amino acids exist as zwitterions at physiological pH.

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