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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation 7th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9781439049402

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781439049402. The full step-by-step solution to problem in Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation were answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 03/14/18, 08:03PM. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, edition: 7. Since problems from 21 chapters in Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation have been answered, more than 3079 students have viewed full step-by-step answer. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters: 21.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • amine

    A compound that has the general formula R3N, where R may be H or a hydrocarbon group. (Section 16.7)

  • annulenes

    Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is [6]annulene.

  • breeder reactor.

    A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable materials than it uses. (19.5)

  • complex lipid

    A lipid that readily undergoes hydrolysis in aqueous acid or base to produce smaller fragments.

  • condensation reaction.

    A reaction in which two smaller molecules combine to form a larger molecule. Water is invariably one of the products of such a reaction. (24.4)

  • decomposition reaction.

    The breakdown of a compound into two or more components. (4.4)

  • dienophile

    A compound that reacts with a diene in a Diels-Alder reaction.

  • d–d transition

    The transition of an electron in a transition-metal compound from a lower-energy d orbital to a higher-energy d orbital. (Section 23.6)

  • endothermic

    Any process with a positive DH (the system receives energy from the surroundings).

  • ferrimagnetism

    A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on different-type ions point in opposite directions but do not fully cancel out. (Section 23.1)

  • Functional group

    An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that shows a characteristic set of physical and chemical properties

  • Gibbs free energy (G)

    The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.

  • intermediate

    A structure corresponding to a local minimum (valley) in an energy diagram.

  • law of definite proportions

    A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure substance is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of constant composition. (Section 1.2)

  • Nonpolar covalent bond

    A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is less than approximately 0.5.

  • Optical purity

    The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.

  • oxyacid

    A compound in which one or more OH groups, and possibly additional oxygen atoms, are bonded to a central atom. (Section 16.10)

  • plasticizers

    Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.

  • Solvolysis

    A nucleophilic substitution in which the solvent is also the nucleophile

  • substrate

    The starting alkyl halide in a substitution or elimination reaction.

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