- Chapter 1: Chemistry: An Introduction
- Chapter 10: Energy
- Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory
- Chapter 12: Chemical Bonding
- Chapter 13: Gases
- Chapter 14: Liquids and Solids
- Chapter 15: Solutions
- Chapter 16: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 17: Equilibrium
- Chapter 18: OxidationReduction Reactions and Electrochemistry
- Chapter 19: Radioactivity and Nuclear Energy
- Chapter 2: Measurements and Calculations
- Chapter 20: Organic Chemistry
- Chapter 21: Biochemistry
- Chapter 3: Matter
- Chapter 4: Chemical Foundations: Elements, Atoms, and Ions
- Chapter 5: Nomenclature
- Chapter 6: Chemical Reactions: An Introduction
- Chapter 7: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
- Chapter 8: Chemical Composition
- Chapter 9: Chemical Quantities
Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation 7th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition
Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is annulene.
Stereoisomeric cyclic hemiacetals of an aldose or ketose that differ from each other in their configuration at the anomeric carbon.
A reactive intermediate formed by b-elimination from adjacent carbon atoms of a benzene ring and having a triple bond in the benzene ring. The second p bond of the benzyne triple bond is formed by the weak overlap of coplanar 2p orbitals on adjacent carbons.
Compounds formed from just two elements. (2.7)
A class of substances formed from polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. (Section 24.8)
A tetrahedral atom, most commonly carbon, that is bonded to four different groups; also called a chirality center
Dalton’s law of partial pressures.
The total pressure of a mixture of gases is just the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (5.6)
A force that becomes significant when polar molecules come in close contact with one another. The force is attractive when the positive end of one polar molecule approaches the negative end of another. (Section 11.2)
electron impact ionization (EI)
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique that involves bombarding a compoundwith high-energy electrons.
The three- dimensional arrangement of the electron domains around an atom according to the VSEPR model. (Section 9.2)
elimination (of radicals)
In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.
The SI unit for radiation dose
The vectors a, b, and c that define a crystal lattice. The position of any lattice point in a crystal can be represented by summing integer multiples of the lattice vectors. (Section 12.2)
A compound containing a !C#N (cyano) group bonded to a carbon atom.
A change in connectivity of the atoms in a product compared with the con nectivity of the same atoms in the starting material.
Constitutional isomers that rapidly interconvert via the migration of a proton.
A reaction for which the ratio of products is determined solely by the distribution of energy among the products.
Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.
A molecule containing three amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond
A double-helix model for the secondary structure of a DNA molecule