- Chapter 1: Chemistry: An Introduction
- Chapter 10: Energy
- Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory
- Chapter 12: Chemical Bonding
- Chapter 13: Gases
- Chapter 14: Liquids and Solids
- Chapter 15: Solutions
- Chapter 16: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 17: Equilibrium
- Chapter 18: OxidationReduction Reactions and Electrochemistry
- Chapter 19: Radioactivity and Nuclear Energy
- Chapter 2: Measurements and Calculations
- Chapter 20: Organic Chemistry
- Chapter 21: Biochemistry
- Chapter 3: Matter
- Chapter 4: Chemical Foundations: Elements, Atoms, and Ions
- Chapter 5: Nomenclature
- Chapter 6: Chemical Reactions: An Introduction
- Chapter 7: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
- Chapter 8: Chemical Composition
- Chapter 9: Chemical Quantities
Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation 7th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition
A compound that has the general formula R3N, where R may be H or a hydrocarbon group. (Section 16.7)
Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is annulene.
A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable materials than it uses. (19.5)
A lipid that readily undergoes hydrolysis in aqueous acid or base to produce smaller fragments.
A reaction in which two smaller molecules combine to form a larger molecule. Water is invariably one of the products of such a reaction. (24.4)
The breakdown of a compound into two or more components. (4.4)
A compound that reacts with a diene in a Diels-Alder reaction.
The transition of an electron in a transition-metal compound from a lower-energy d orbital to a higher-energy d orbital. (Section 23.6)
Any process with a positive DH (the system receives energy from the surroundings).
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on different-type ions point in opposite directions but do not fully cancel out. (Section 23.1)
An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that shows a characteristic set of physical and chemical properties
Gibbs free energy (G)
The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.
A structure corresponding to a local minimum (valley) in an energy diagram.
law of definite proportions
A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure substance is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of constant composition. (Section 1.2)
Nonpolar covalent bond
A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is less than approximately 0.5.
The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.
A compound in which one or more OH groups, and possibly additional oxygen atoms, are bonded to a central atom. (Section 16.10)
Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.
A nucleophilic substitution in which the solvent is also the nucleophile
The starting alkyl halide in a substitution or elimination reaction.
Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or email@example.com
Forgot password? Reset it here