- Chapter 1: Chemistry: An Introduction
- Chapter 10: Energy
- Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory
- Chapter 12: Chemical Bonding
- Chapter 13: Gases
- Chapter 14: Liquids and Solids
- Chapter 15: Solutions
- Chapter 16: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 17: Equilibrium
- Chapter 18: OxidationReduction Reactions and Electrochemistry
- Chapter 19: Radioactivity and Nuclear Energy
- Chapter 2: Measurements and Calculations
- Chapter 20: Organic Chemistry
- Chapter 21: Biochemistry
- Chapter 3: Matter
- Chapter 4: Chemical Foundations: Elements, Atoms, and Ions
- Chapter 5: Nomenclature
- Chapter 6: Chemical Reactions: An Introduction
- Chapter 7: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
- Chapter 8: Chemical Composition
- Chapter 9: Chemical Quantities
Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation 7th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition
The Group 1A elements (Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr). (2.4)
A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that promotes tissue and muscle growth and development
The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to opposite faces of a carbon-carbon double bond.
An equation that relates the rate constant for a reaction to the frequency factor, A, the activation energy, Ea, and the temperature, T: k = Ae-Ea>RT. In its logarithmic form it is written ln k = -Ea>RT + ln A. (Section 14.5)
atomic mass unit (amu)
A unit of measure equivalent to 1 g divided by Avogadro’s number.
A class of colored compounds that are formed via azo coupling.
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (13.1)
Protein that does not exhibit normal biological activities. (25.3)
A model for the behavior of electrons in metals. (Section 12.4)
A process in which a system absorbs heat from its surroundings. (Section 5.2)
Heat of combustion (DH0 )
Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.
A catalyst that is in a different phase from that of the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)
The addition of water.
Le Châtelier’s principle
A principle stating that when we disturb a system at chemical equilibrium, the relative concentrations of reactants and
mean free path
The average distance traveled by a gas molecule between collisions. (Section 10.8)
The negative log in base 10 of the aquated hydrogen ion concentration: pH = -log3H+4. (Section 16.4)
A measure of the ease of distortion of the distribution of electron density about an atom or group in response to interaction with other molecules or ions. Fluorine which has a high electronegativity and holds its electrons tightly, has a very low polarizability. Iodine, which has a lower electronegativity and holds its electrons less tightly, has a very high polarizability.
Secondary (2°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogen
A nucleophilic substitution in which the solvent is also the nucleophile
The starting alkyl halide in a substitution or elimination reaction.