Solutions for Chapter 1: Chemistry: An Introduction

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9781439049402

Solutions for Chapter 1: Chemistry: An Introduction

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, edition: 7. Chapter 1: Chemistry: An Introduction includes 17 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 17 problems in chapter 1: Chemistry: An Introduction have been answered, more than 9081 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781439049402.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acceptor impurities.

    Impurities that can accept electrons from semiconductors. (21.3)

  • Aprotic acid

    An acid that is not a proton donor; an acid that is an electron pair acceptor in a Lewis acid-base reaction.

  • base ionization constant (Kb).

    The equilibrium constant for the base ionization. (15.6)

  • Beer’s law

    In UV-Vis spectroscopy, an equation describing the relationship between molar absorptivity (e), absorbance (A), concentration (C), and path length (l): e = A (C Ž l)

  • Birch reduction

    A reaction in which benzene is reduced to give 1,4-cyclohexadiene.

  • catalyst.

    A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being consumed. (13.6)

  • chemical energy.

    Energy stored within the structural units of chemical substances. (6.1)

  • colligative property

    A property of a solvent (vapor-pressure lowering, freezing-point lowering, boiling-point elevation, osmotic pressure) that depends on the total concentration of solute particles present. (Section 13.5)

  • deposition.

    The process in which the molecules go directly from the vapor into the solid phase. (11.8)

  • Diels-Alder adduct

    A cyclohexene resulting from the cycloaddition reaction of a diene and a dienophile.

  • disaccharide

    Carbohydrates comprisedof two monosaccharide units joined via aglycosidic linkage between the anomeric carbonof one monosaccharide and a hydroxyl group ofthe other monosaccharide.

  • Hybridization

    The combination of atomic orbitals of different types

  • initiation

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which radicals are created.

  • Phospholipid

    A lipid containing glycerol esterifi ed with two molecules of fatty acid and one molecule of phosphoric acid.

  • plane-polarized light

    Light for which all photons have the same polarization, generally formed by passing light through a polarizing filter.

  • saturated hydrocarbon

    A hydrocarbon that contains no p bonds.

  • Secondary structure of proteins

    The ordered arrangements (conformations) of amino acids in localized regions of a polypeptide or protein

  • smectic liquid crystalline phase

    A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned along their long axes and arranged in sheets, with the ends of the molecules aligned. There are several different kinds of smectic phases. (Section 12.8)

  • termination

    In radical reactions, a step in which two radicals are joined to give a compound with no unshared electrons.

  • Vicinal coupling

    a !CH"CH2 group

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