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Solutions for Chapter 7: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9781439049402

Solutions for Chapter 7: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions

Solutions for Chapter 7
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
Edition: 7
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste
ISBN: 9781439049402

Chapter 7: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions includes 95 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, edition: 7. Since 95 problems in chapter 7: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions have been answered, more than 27307 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781439049402.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Acylation

    The process of introducing an acyl group, RCO! or ArCO!, onto an organic molecule.

  • addition reactions

    Reactions that are characterized by the addition of two groups across a double bond. In the process, the pi (p) bond is broken.

  • Arrhenius equation

    An equation that relates the rate constant for a reaction to the frequency factor, A, the activation energy, Ea, and the temperature, T: k = Ae-Ea>RT. In its logarithmic form it is written ln k = -Ea>RT + ln A. (Section 14.5)

  • b-Pleated sheet

    A type of polypeptide secondary structure in which sections of polypeptide chains are aligned parallel or antiparallel to one another.

  • diamagnetic anisotropy

    An effect that causes different regions of space to be characterized by different magnetic field strengths.

  • diastereotopic

    Nonequivalent protons for which the replacement test produces diastereomers.

  • electronic structure

    The arrangement of electrons in an atom or molecule. (Chapter 6:Introduction)

  • Endothermic reaction

    A reaction in which the enthalpy of the products is higher than the enthalpy of the reactants; a reaction in which heat is absorbed

  • exo

    In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are anti to the larger bridge.

  • Hess’s law

    The heat evolved in a given process can be expressed as the sum of the heats of several processes that, when added, yield the process of interest. (Section 5.6)

  • Homolytic bond cleavage

    Cleavage of a bond so that each fragment retains one electron; formation of radicals.

  • kinetic-molecular theory

    A set of assumptions about the nature of gases. These assumptions, when translated into mathematical form, yield the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.7)

  • lone pair

    A pair of unshared, or nonbonding, electrons.

  • metallic character

    The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)

  • nucleophilic acyl substitution

    A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.

  • phenyl group

    A C6H5 group.

  • reaction quotient (Q)

    The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)

  • resonance structures

    A series of structures that are melded together (conceptually) to circumvent the inadequacies of bond-line drawings.

  • soluble

    A term used to indicate that a certain volume of a compound will dissolve in a specified amount of a liquid at room temperature.

  • Wave function

    A solution to a set of equations that defi nes the energy of an electron in an atom and the region of space it may occupy.