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Solutions for Chapter 9: Chemical Quantities

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9781439049402

Solutions for Chapter 9: Chemical Quantities

Solutions for Chapter 9
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
Edition: 7
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste
ISBN: 9781439049402

Since 92 problems in chapter 9: Chemical Quantities have been answered, more than 22095 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 9: Chemical Quantities includes 92 full step-by-step solutions. Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781439049402. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, edition: 7.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,2-adduct

    The product obtainedfrom 1,2-addition across a conjugated p system.

  • Alcohol

    A compound containing an !OH (hydroxyl) group bonded to a carbon atom

  • Angle strain

    The strain that arises when a bond angle is either compressed or expanded compared to its optimal value.

  • Brønsted-Lowry acid

    A proton donor

  • conjugate base

    A substance formed by the loss of a proton from a Brønsted–Lowry acid. (Section 16.2)

  • diffusion

    The spreading of one substance through a space occupied by one or more other substances. (Section 10.8)

  • hydrogen bonding

    Bonding that results from intermolecular attractions between molecules containing hydrogen bonded to an electronegative element. The most important examples involve OH, NH, and HF. (Section 11.2)

  • Index of hydrogen defi ciency

    The sum of the number of rings and p bonds in a molecule.

  • keto-enol tautomerization

    The equilibrium that is established between an enol and a ketone in either acid-catalyzed or basecatalyzed conditions.

  • miscible liquids

    Liquids that mix in all proportions. (Section 13.3)

  • nitrogen rule

    In mass spectrometry, an odd molecular weight indicates an odd number of nitrogen atoms in the compound, while an even molecular weight indicates either an even number of nitrogen atoms or the absence of nitrogen.

  • parts per billion (ppb)

    The concentration of a solution in grams of solute per 109 (billion) grams of solution; equals micrograms of solute per liter of solution for aqueous solutions. (Section 13.4)

  • Phasing

    The sign of the wave function at particular coordinates in space, either plus or minus. Phasing is often represented by colors, such as red or blue

  • Phenol

    A compound that contains an !OH bonded to a benzene ring; a benzenol.

  • primary cell

    A voltaic cell that cannot be recharged. (Section 20.7)

  • racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • representative (main-group) element

    An element from within the s and p blocks of the periodic table (Figure 6.29). (Section 6.9)

  • solvation

    The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle. (Section 13.1)

  • Thermodynamic control

    Experimental conditions that permit the establishment of equilibrium between two or more products of a reaction. The composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative stabilities of the products.

  • wavenumber

    In IR spectroscopy, the location of each signal is reported in terms of this frequency-related unit.

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