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Solutions for Chapter 15: Solutions

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9781439049402

Solutions for Chapter 15: Solutions

Solutions for Chapter 15
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
Edition: 7
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste
ISBN: 9781439049402

Chapter 15: Solutions includes 134 full step-by-step solutions. Since 134 problems in chapter 15: Solutions have been answered, more than 23277 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, edition: 7. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781439049402.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alternating copolymers

    A copolymer that contains an alternating distribution of repeating units.

  • amino acid

    A carboxylic acid that contains an amino 1¬NH22 group attached to the carbon atom adjacent to the carboxylic acid 1¬COOH2 functional group. (Section 24.7)

  • condensed structure

    A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.

  • coordination compound

    A compound containing a metal ion bonded to a group of surrounding molecules or ions that act as ligands. (Section 23.2)

  • electrolysis reaction

    A reaction in which a nonspontaneous redox reaction is brought about by the passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. The devices in which electrolysis reactions occur are called electrolytic cells. (Section 20.9)

  • elimination (of radicals)

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.

  • enthalpy

    A quantity defined by the relationship H = E + PV; the enthalpy change, ?H, for a reaction that occurs at constant pressure is the heat evolved or absorbed in the reaction: ?H = qp. (Section 5.3)

  • enthalpy of formation

    The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)

  • Friedel-Crafts acylation

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an acyl group on an aromatic ring.

  • instantaneous rate

    The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)

  • internal energy

    The total energy possessed by a system. When a system undergoes a change, the change in internal energy, ?E, is defined as the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)

  • oxyanion

    A polyatomic anion that contains one or more oxygen atoms. (Section 2.8)

  • para

    On an aromatic ring, the C4position.

  • peroxides

    Compounds with the general structure R!O!O!R.

  • physical properties

    Properties that can be measured without changing the composition of a substance, for example, color and freezing point. (Section 1.3)

  • Polymer

    From the Greek, poly 1 meros, meaning many parts. Any long-chain molecule synthesized by linking together many single parts called monomers

  • progestins

    Female sex hormones.

  • prostaglandins

    Lipids that contain 20 carbon atoms and are characterized by a five-membered ring with two side chains.

  • sp Hybrid orbitaL

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and one 2p atomic orbital.

  • third order

    A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is three

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