- Lesson 6.1: Describe the difference between an element and a compound.
- Lesson 6.2: What is meant by physical form?
- Lesson 6.3: How many elements are included in the chemical formula for sodium n...
- Lesson 6.4: What is the diff erence between NaOH(s) and NaOH(aq)?
- Lesson 6.5: You see a ring with a stone that looks like a diamond but wonder wh...
- Lesson 6.6: You find two containers on a chemical shelf, one labeled Cu2O(s) an...
Solutions for Chapter Lesson 6: Chemical Names and Symbols
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
A compound containing a !CHO group
The slow oxidation of organic compounds that occurs in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.
A statement that the volume of a gas maintained at constant temperature and pressure is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas. (Section 10.3)
The SI unit of radioactivity. It corresponds to one nuclear disintegration per second. (Section 21.4)
A copolymer in which the different homopolymer subunits are connected together in one chain.
A technique by which compounds are separated from each other based on a difference in the way they interact with the medium (the adsorbent) through which they are passed.
A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.
Electrons that are spread over a number of atoms in a molecule or a crystal rather than localized on a single atom or a pair of atoms. (Section 9.6)
A property of the electron that makes it behave as though it were a tiny magnet. The electron behaves as if it were spinning on its axis; electron spin is quantized. (Section 6.7)
CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.
A five-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.
Lewis dot structure
The symbol of an element surrounded by a number of dots equal to the number of electrons in the valence shell of the atom
parts per billion (ppb)
The concentration of a solution in grams of solute per 109 (billion) grams of solution; equals micrograms of solute per liter of solution for aqueous solutions. (Section 13.4)
polar aprotic solvent
A solvent that lacks hydrogen atoms connected directly to an electronegative atom.
The power to which the concentration of a reactant is raised in a rate law. (Section 14.3)
retro Diels-Alder reaction
The reverse of a Diels-Alder reaction, achieved at high temperature. A cyclohexene derivative is converted into a diene and a dienophile.
A process that can go back and forth between states along exactly the same path; a system at equilibrium is reversible if equilibrium can be shifted by an infinitesimal modification of a variable such as temperature. (Section 19.1)
A covalent bond involving one electron pair. (Section 8.3)
Tertiary (3°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to three carbons
A reaction that converts an aldehyde or ketone into an alkene, with the introduction of one or more carbon atoms.
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