- Lesson 6.1: Describe the difference between an element and a compound.
- Lesson 6.2: What is meant by physical form?
- Lesson 6.3: How many elements are included in the chemical formula for sodium n...
- Lesson 6.4: What is the diff erence between NaOH(s) and NaOH(aq)?
- Lesson 6.5: You see a ring with a stone that looks like a diamond but wonder wh...
- Lesson 6.6: You find two containers on a chemical shelf, one labeled Cu2O(s) an...
Solutions for Chapter Lesson 6: Chemical Names and Symbols
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
A format for naming amines containing simple alkyl groups.
A reaction that achieves the installation of an alkyl group. For example, an SN2 reaction in which an alkyl group is connected to an attacking nucleophile.
An ion with a net negative charge. (2.5)
basic oxide (basic anhydride)
An oxide that either reacts with water to form a base or reacts with an acid to form a salt and water. (Section 22.5)
degree of unsaturation
The absence of two hydrogen atoms associated with a ring or a p bond.
The branch of chemistry that deals with the relationships between electricity and chemical reactions. (Chapter 20: Introduction)
A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.
A push or a pull. (Section 5.1)
heterolytic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.
The attractive interaction between a hydrogen atom bonded to an atom of high electronegativity (most commonly O or N) and a lone pair of electrons on another atom of high electronegativity (again, most commonly O or N).
Solids that are composed of metal atoms. (Section 12.1)
The pH of blood (approximately 7.3).
polar aprotic solvent
A solvent that lacks hydrogen atoms connected directly to an electronegative atom.
Polymers that are similar in structure to polyesters but with repeating carbonate groups (!O!CO2!) instead of repeating ester groups (!CO2!). polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
The determination of the presence or absence of a particular substance in a mixture. (Section 17.7)
One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.
secondary alkyl halide
An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to exactly two alkyl groups.
sigma (s) bond
A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.
A prefi x meaning across from.
Groups that weakly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby enhancing the rate of the reaction.