- Lesson 6.1: Describe the difference between an element and a compound.
- Lesson 6.2: What is meant by physical form?
- Lesson 6.3: How many elements are included in the chemical formula for sodium n...
- Lesson 6.4: What is the diff erence between NaOH(s) and NaOH(aq)?
- Lesson 6.5: You see a ring with a stone that looks like a diamond but wonder wh...
- Lesson 6.6: You find two containers on a chemical shelf, one labeled Cu2O(s) an...
Solutions for Chapter Lesson 6: Chemical Names and Symbols
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
Polymerization that occurs through coupling of monomers with one another, with no other products formed in the reaction. (Section 12.8)
A self-contained electrochemical power source that contains one or more voltaic cells. (Section 20.7)
A conformation of cyclohexane in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and many hydrogen atoms are eclipsing each other.
A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located at the center and corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)
buffered solution (buffer)
A solution that undergoes a limited change in pH upon addition of a small amount of acid or base. (Section 17.2)
conjugate acid-base pair.
An acid and its conjugate base or a base and its conjugate acid. (15.1)
Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of one another.
An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2
Any process with a negative DG.
Gibbs free energy
A thermodynamic state function that combines enthalpy and entropy, in the form G = H - TS. For a change occurring at constant temperature and pressure, the change in free energy is ?G = ?H - T?S. (Section 19.5)
The time required for the concentration of a reactant substance to decrease to half its initial value; the time required for half of a sample of a particular radioisotope to decay. (Sections 14.4 and 21.4)
The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)
A compound capable offunctioning as an electron pair donor.
A substance that exhibits one or more partially ordered liquid phases above the melting point of the solid form. By contrast, in nonliquid crystalline substances the liquid phase that forms upon melting is completely unordered. (Section 11.7)
Radiation that does not have sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule. (Section 21.9)
A high-energy species formed between two successive reaction steps, that lies in an energy minimum between the two transition states
representative (main-group) element
An element from within the s and p blocks of the periodic table (Figure 6.29). (Section 6.9)
A method that chemists use to deal with the inadequacy of bond-line drawings.
A substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution; it is normally the component of a solution present in the smaller amount. (Section 4.1)
An element, such as carbon, that forms four bonds.