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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 6: Chemical Names and Symbols

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 6: Chemical Names and Symbols

Chapter Lesson 6: Chemical Names and Symbols includes 6 full step-by-step solutions. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. Since 6 problems in chapter Lesson 6: Chemical Names and Symbols have been answered, more than 10819 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Helix

    A type of secondary structure in which a section of polypeptide chain coils into a spiral, most commonly a right-handed spiral.

  • alkylthio group

    An SR group.

  • amino acid

    A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2).

  • bidentate ligand

    A ligand in which two linked coordinating atoms are bound to a metal. (Section 23.3)

  • bond length.

    The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)

  • calorimeter

    An apparatus that measures the heat released or absorbed in a chemical or physical process. (Section 5.5)

  • catalyst

    A substance that changes the speed of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing a permanent chemical change in the process. (Section 14.7)

  • Charles’s law

    A law stating that at constant pressure, the volume of a given quantity of gas is proportional to absolute temperature. (Section 10.3)

  • chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)

    Compound containing only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine.

  • Eclipsed conformation

    A conformation about a carboncarbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as close as possible to the atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.

  • Glycoside

    A carbohydrate in which the !OH on its anomeric carbon is replaced by !OR

  • Graham’s law

    A law stating that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molecular weight. (Section 10.8)

  • Heat of reaction (DH0 )

    The difference in enthalpy between reactants and products. If the enthalpy of products is lower than that of the reactants, heat is released and the reaction is exothermic. If the enthalpy of the products is higher than that of the reactants, energy is absorbed, and the reaction is endothermic

  • Imide

    A functional group in which two acyl groups, RCO! or ArCO!, are bonded to a nitrogen atom

  • malonic ester synthesis

    Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.

  • net ionic equation

    A chemical equation for a solution reaction in which soluble strong electrolytes are written as ions and spectator ions are omitted. (Section 4.2)

  • Oxymercuration-reduction

    A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with mercury(II) acetate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride.

  • physical changes

    Changes (such as a phase change) that occur with no change in chemical composition. (Section 1.3)

  • S

    A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A counterclockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as S.

  • Torsional strain

    Strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by three bonds are forced from a staggered conformation to an eclipsed conformation. Torsional strain is also called eclipsed-interaction strain.

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