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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 6: Chemical Names and Symbols

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 6: Chemical Names and Symbols

Chapter Lesson 6: Chemical Names and Symbols includes 6 full step-by-step solutions. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. Since 6 problems in chapter Lesson 6: Chemical Names and Symbols have been answered, more than 16016 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • addition polymerization

    Polymerization that occurs through coupling of monomers with one another, with no other products formed in the reaction. (Section 12.8)

  • battery

    A self-contained electrochemical power source that contains one or more voltaic cells. (Section 20.7)

  • boat conformation

    A conformation of cyclohexane in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and many hydrogen atoms are eclipsing each other.

  • body-centered lattice

    A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located at the center and corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)

  • buffered solution (buffer)

    A solution that undergoes a limited change in pH upon addition of a small amount of acid or base. (Section 17.2)

  • conjugate acid-base pair.

    An acid and its conjugate base or a base and its conjugate acid. (15.1)

  • diastereomers

    Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of one another.

  • Enamine

    An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2

  • exergonic

    Any process with a negative DG.

  • Gibbs free energy

    A thermodynamic state function that combines enthalpy and entropy, in the form G = H - TS. For a change occurring at constant temperature and pressure, the change in free energy is ?G = ?H - T?S. (Section 19.5)

  • half-life

    The time required for the concentration of a reactant substance to decrease to half its initial value; the time required for half of a sample of a particular radioisotope to decay. (Sections 14.4 and 21.4)

  • instantaneous rate

    The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)

  • Lewis base

    A compound capable offunctioning as an electron pair donor.

  • liquid crystal

    A substance that exhibits one or more partially ordered liquid phases above the melting point of the solid form. By contrast, in nonliquid crystalline substances the liquid phase that forms upon melting is completely unordered. (Section 11.7)

  • nonionizing radiation

    Radiation that does not have sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule. (Section 21.9)

  • Reactive intermediate

    A high-energy species formed between two successive reaction steps, that lies in an energy minimum between the two transition states

  • representative (main-group) element

    An element from within the s and p blocks of the periodic table (Figure 6.29). (Section 6.9)

  • resonance

    A method that chemists use to deal with the inadequacy of bond-line drawings.

  • solute

    A substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution; it is normally the component of a solution present in the smaller amount. (Section 4.1)

  • tetravalent

    An element, such as carbon, that forms four bonds.

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