- Chapter 2.1: Make a list of all the information you can extract from the periodi...
- Chapter 2.2: Explain the law of conservation of mass and how it relates to the c...
- Chapter 2.3: What is a chemical formula, and what does it tell you?
- Chapter 2.4: A filament for a light bulb must conduct electricity. Which of the ...
Solutions for Chapter Chapter 2: Basic Building Materials
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
The number of bonding electron pairs shared between two atoms, minus the number of antibonding electron pairs: bond order = (number of bonding electrons - number of antibonding electrons)/2. (Section 9.7)
A compound containing a Br group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.
The experimental measurement of heat produced in chemical and physical processes. (Section 5.5)
A long, unbranched-chain carboxylic acid, most commonly of 12 to 20 carbons, derived from the hydrolysis of animal fats, vegetable oils, or the phospholipids of biological membranes.
In mass spectrometry, when the molecular ion breaks apart into fragments.
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an acyl group on an aromatic ring.
An acetal that is obtained by treating the cyclic hemiacetal form of a monosaccharide with an alcohol under acid-catalyzed conditions.
A compound of the type CHX3 where X is a halogen.
In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a halogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.
Heat of combustion (DH0 )
Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.
Experimental conditions under which the composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative rates of formation of each product.
A pair of unshared, or nonbonding, electrons.
An analytical technique for measuring the mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) of ions.
Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)
From the Greek meaning nucleus-loving. Any species that can donate a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis base
The breaking of a molecule into two or more neutral fragments as a result of absorption of light. (Section 18.2)
A hydrocarbon that contains no p bonds.
The dissolving medium of a solution; it is normally the component of a solution present in the greater amount. (Section 4.1)
sp2 Hybrid orbital
A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and two 2p atomic orbitals.
A compound that contains two SR groups, both of which are connected to the same carbon atom.