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Solutions for Chapter Chapter 2: Basic Building Materials

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 2: Basic Building Materials

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter Chapter 2: Basic Building Materials includes 4 full step-by-step solutions. Since 4 problems in chapter Chapter 2: Basic Building Materials have been answered, more than 24969 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • bond order

    The number of bonding electron pairs shared between two atoms, minus the number of antibonding electron pairs: bond order = (number of bonding electrons - number of antibonding electrons)/2. (Section 9.7)

  • bromohydrin

    A compound containing a Br group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.

  • calorimetry

    The experimental measurement of heat produced in chemical and physical processes. (Section 5.5)

  • Fatty acid

    A long, unbranched-chain carboxylic acid, most commonly of 12 to 20 carbons, derived from the hydrolysis of animal fats, vegetable oils, or the phospholipids of biological membranes.

  • fragmentation

    In mass spectrometry, when the molecular ion breaks apart into fragments.

  • Friedel-Crafts acylation

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an acyl group on an aromatic ring.

  • glycoside

    An acetal that is obtained by treating the cyclic hemiacetal form of a monosaccharide with an alcohol under acid-catalyzed conditions.

  • Haloform

    A compound of the type CHX3 where X is a halogen.

  • halogen abstraction

    In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a halogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.

  • Heat of combustion (DH0 )

    Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.

  • Kinetic control

    Experimental conditions under which the composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative rates of formation of each product.

  • lone pair

    A pair of unshared, or nonbonding, electrons.

  • Mass spectrometry

    An analytical technique for measuring the mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) of ions.

  • nucleic acids

    Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)

  • Nucleophile

    From the Greek meaning nucleus-loving. Any species that can donate a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis base

  • photodissociation

    The breaking of a molecule into two or more neutral fragments as a result of absorption of light. (Section 18.2)

  • saturated hydrocarbon

    A hydrocarbon that contains no p bonds.

  • solvent

    The dissolving medium of a solution; it is normally the component of a solution present in the greater amount. (Section 4.1)

  • sp2 Hybrid orbital

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and two 2p atomic orbitals.

  • thioacetal

    A compound that contains two SR groups, both of which are connected to the same carbon atom.

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