- Lesson 11.1: What evidence caused Th omson to change Daltons solid sphere model ...
- Lesson 11.2: What evidence caused Rutherford to change Th omsons plum pudding mo...
- Lesson 11.3: What evidence caused Bohr to change Rutherfords nuclear model into ...
- Lesson 11.4: Positive and negative charges are attracted to one another. Which o...
- Lesson 11.5: Hydrogen and helium are diff erent elements. How can you use the pl...
- Lesson 11.6: Suppose you discovered protons shortly aft er Th omson discovered e...
- Lesson 11.7: Draw a solar system model showing one electron, one proton, and one...
- Lesson 11.8: Use the Internet or another resource to fi nd out how the size of a...
- Lesson 11.9: The nuclear model and the solar system model both show atoms with e...
- Lesson 11.10: The ancient Greeks discarded the atomic theory because there was no...
- Lesson 11.11: The ancient Greeks claimed that atoms were the smallest pieces of m...
- Lesson 11.12: Give an example that shows how science is a process of gathering ev...
Solutions for Chapter Lesson 11: Models of the Atom
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
The slow oxidation of organic compounds that occurs in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.
A self-contained electrochemical power source that contains one or more voltaic cells. (Section 20.7)
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, an equation describing the relationship between molar absorptivity (e), absorbance (A), concentration (C), and path length (l): e = A (C Ž l)
beta (b) rays.
DEPT 13C NMR
In 13C NMR spectroscopy, a technique that utilizes two rf radiation emitters and provides information regarding the number of protons attached to each carbon atom in a compound.
The spreading of one substance through a space occupied by one or more other substances. (Section 10.8)
A protein molecule that acts to catalyze specific biochemical reactions. (Section 14.7)
Fourier-transform NMR (FT-NMR)
In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, a technique in which the sample is irradiated with a short pulse that covers the entire range of relevant rf frequencies.
Gibbs free energy
A thermodynamic state function that combines enthalpy and entropy, in the form G = H - TS. For a change occurring at constant temperature and pressure, the change in free energy is ?G = ?H - T?S. (Section 19.5)
The catalyst system and conditions of temperature and pressure developed by Fritz Haber and coworkers for the formation of NH3 from H2 and N2. (Section 15.2)
An !OH group
Protons that are exchanged at a rapid rate.
In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.
A reagent used for allylic bromination to avoid a competing reaction in which bromine adds across the p bond.
A polymer constructed from nucleotides linked together.
radioactive decay chain
A series of nuclear reactions that begins with an unstable nucleus and terminates with a stable one. Also called nuclear disintegration series. (Section 21.2)
A covalent bond involving one electron pair. (Section 8.3)
A reaction in which an atom or group of atoms in a compound is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.
A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.
Rules for predicting the wavelength of maximum absorption for a compound with extended conjugation.