- Chapter 3.1: Describe the diff erent processes that might result in a change in ...
- Chapter 3.2: Give an example of evidence used by scientists to revise the atomic...
- Chapter 3.3: Explain how to use the periodic table to deduce the number of proto...
- Chapter 3.4: Write a nuclear equation for the hypothetical fusion of a copper at...
Solutions for Chapter Chapter 3: A World of Particles
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
acidic oxide (acidic anhydride)
An oxide that either reacts with a base to form a salt or with water to form an acid. (Section 22.5)
An organic compound containing at least one halogen.
A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2).
amino acid residue
The individual repeating units in a polypeptide chain or protein.
An estimate of the size of an atom. See bonding atomic radius. (Section 7.3)
The most common drawing style employed by organic chemists. All carbon atoms and most hydrogen atoms are implied but not explicitly drawn in a bond-line structure.
A substance that forms complex ions with metal ions in solution. (23.3)
Reactions in which two p systems are joined together in a way that forms a ring. In the process, two p bonds are converted into two s bonds.
A measure of the ability of an atom that is bonded to another atom to attract electrons to itself. (Section 8.4)
Ground-state electron confi guration
The lowest-energy electron confi guration for an atom or molecule.
An alloy in which the components are not distributed uniformly; instead, two or more distinct phases with characteristic compositions are present. (Section 12.3)
A reaction in which a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) are added across a p bond.
Points in a crystal all of which have identical environments. (Section 12.2)
A point in space where the value of a wave function is zero
Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)
A hydrocarbon containing two or more fused benzene rings
retro Diels-Alder reaction
The reverse of a Diels-Alder reaction, achieved at high temperature. A cyclohexene derivative is converted into a diene and a dienophile.
Constitutional isomers in equilibrium with each other that differ in the location of a hydrogen atom and a double bond relative to a heteroatom, most commonly O, N, or S.
Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.
Exchange of the !OR or !OAr group of an ester for another !OR or !OAr group.
For alkenes, a stereodescriptor that indicates that the two priority groups are on the same side of the p bond.