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Solutions for Chapter Chapter 3: A World of Particles

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 3: A World of Particles

Since 4 problems in chapter Chapter 3: A World of Particles have been answered, more than 24743 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter Chapter 3: A World of Particles includes 4 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acidic oxide (acidic anhydride)

    An oxide that either reacts with a base to form a salt or with water to form an acid. (Section 22.5)

  • alkyl halide

    An organic compound containing at least one halogen.

  • amino acid

    A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2).

  • amino acid residue

    The individual repeating units in a polypeptide chain or protein.

  • atomic radius

    An estimate of the size of an atom. See bonding atomic radius. (Section 7.3)

  • bond-line structures

    The most common drawing style employed by organic chemists. All carbon atoms and most hydrogen atoms are implied but not explicitly drawn in a bond-line structure.

  • chelating agent.

    A substance that forms complex ions with metal ions in solution. (23.3)

  • cycloaddition reactions

    Reactions in which two p systems are joined together in a way that forms a ring. In the process, two p bonds are converted into two s bonds.

  • electronegativity

    A measure of the ability of an atom that is bonded to another atom to attract electrons to itself. (Section 8.4)

  • Ground-state electron confi guration

    The lowest-energy electron confi guration for an atom or molecule.

  • heterogeneous alloy

    An alloy in which the components are not distributed uniformly; instead, two or more distinct phases with characteristic compositions are present. (Section 12.3)

  • hydration

    A reaction in which a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) are added across a p bond.

  • lattice points

    Points in a crystal all of which have identical environments. (Section 12.2)

  • Node

    A point in space where the value of a wave function is zero

  • Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)

    A hydrocarbon containing two or more fused benzene rings

  • retro Diels-Alder reaction

    The reverse of a Diels-Alder reaction, achieved at high temperature. A cyclohexene derivative is converted into a diene and a dienophile.

  • Tautomers

    Constitutional isomers in equilibrium with each other that differ in the location of a hydrogen atom and a double bond relative to a heteroatom, most commonly O, N, or S.

  • thermosetting resins

    Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.

  • Transesterifi cation

    Exchange of the !OR or !OAr group of an ester for another !OR or !OAr group.

  • Z

    For alkenes, a stereodescriptor that indicates that the two priority groups are on the same side of the p bond.

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