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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 19: Ions

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 19: Ions

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Since 16 problems in chapter Lesson 19: Ions have been answered, more than 23303 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter Lesson 19: Ions includes 16 full step-by-step solutions. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkynes

    Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon triple bonds. (Section 24.2)

  • Anti conformation

    A conformation about a single bond in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 180°.

  • Beer’s law

    In UV-Vis spectroscopy, an equation describing the relationship between molar absorptivity (e), absorbance (A), concentration (C), and path length (l): e = A (C Ž l)

  • Boyle’s law.

    The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant temperature is inversely proportional to the gas pressure. (5.3)

  • critical mass

    The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)

  • density.

    The mass of a substance divided by its volume. (1.6)

  • dissolving metal reduction

    A reaction in which an alkyne is converted into a trans alkene.

  • doping

    Incorporation of a hetero atom into a solid to change its electrical properties. For example, incorporation of P into Si. (Section 12.7)

  • face-centered lattice

    A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located at the faces and corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)

  • gauche interaction

    The steric interaction that results when two groups in a Newman projection are separated by a dihedral angle of 60°.

  • Glycol

    A compound with hydroxyl (!OH) groups on adjacent carbons.

  • hard water

    Water that contains appreciable concentrations of Ca2 + and Mg 2 + ; these ions react with soaps to form an insoluble material. (Section 18.4)

  • hydrogen bonding

    Bonding that results from intermolecular attractions between molecules containing hydrogen bonded to an electronegative element. The most important examples involve OH, NH, and HF. (Section 11.2)

  • mole fraction

    The ratio of the number of moles of one component of a mixture to the total moles of all components; abbreviated X, with a subscript to identify the component. (Section 10.6)

  • Nonbonding electrons

    Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.

  • Oil

    When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature

  • Principle of microscopic reversibility

    This principle states that the sequence of transition states and reactive intermediates in the mechanism of any reversible reaction must be the same, but in reverse order, for the reverse reaction as for the forward reaction

  • Resonance energy

    The difference in energy between a resonance hybrid and the most stable of its hypothetical contributing structures in which electrons are localized on particular atoms and in particular bonds.

  • sigma (s) bond

    A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.

  • sp-hybridized

    Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with only one p orbital to form two hybridized atomic orbitals.

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