Solutions for Chapter Lesson 33: Functional Groups

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 33: Functional Groups

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter Lesson 33: Functional Groups includes 11 full step-by-step solutions. Since 11 problems in chapter Lesson 33: Functional Groups have been answered, more than 7315 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Autoxidation

    Air oxidation of materials such as unsaturated fatty acids.

  • Bond length

    The distance between atoms in a covalent bond in picometers (pm; 1 pm 5 10212 m) or Å (1Å 5 10210 m).

  • carbide

    A binary compound of carbon with a metal or metalloid. (Section 22.9)

  • Chain-transfer reaction

    The transfer of reactivity of an endgroup from one chain to another during a polymerization

  • Charles’ and Gay-Lussac’s law.

    See Charles’ law.

  • chemical shift (d)

    In an NMR spectrum, the location of a signal, defined relative to the frequency of absorption of a reference compound, tetramethylsilane (TMS).

  • downfield

    The left side of an NMR spectrum.

  • electronic structure

    The arrangement of electrons in an atom or molecule. (Chapter 6:Introduction)

  • Electrophile

    From the Greek meaning electron loving. Any species that can accept a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis acid.

  • Heterocyclic amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is one of the atoms of a ring

  • Kinetic control

    Experimental conditions under which the composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative rates of formation of each product.

  • molecule

    A chemical combination of two or more atoms. (Sections 1.1 and 2.6)

  • nematic liquid crystalline phase

    A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned in the same general direction, along their long axes, but in which the ends of the molecules are not aligned. (Section 11.7)

  • nucleosides

    The product formed when either d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose is coupled with certain nitrogen heterocycles (called bases).

  • polar molecule

    A molecule that possesses a nonzero dipole moment. (Section 8.4)

  • polarimeter

    A device that measures the rotation of plane-polarized light caused by optically active compounds.

  • primary structure

    For proteins, the sequence of amino acid residues.

  • reaction quotient (Q)

    The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)

  • Reducing sugar

    A carbohydrate that reacts with an oxidizing agent to form an aldonic acid. In this reaction, the carbohydrate reduces the oxidizing agent.

  • syn addition

    An addition reaction in which two groups are added to the same face of a p bond.

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