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Solutions for Chapter Chapter 6: Speaking of Molecules

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 6: Speaking of Molecules

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Chapter Chapter 6: Speaking of Molecules includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. Since 5 problems in chapter Chapter 6: Speaking of Molecules have been answered, more than 23076 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Amino acid

    A compound that contains both an amino group and a carboxyl group

  • antiaromatic

    Instability that arises when a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals contains 4n p electrons.

  • antioxidants

    Radical scavengers that prevent autooxidation by preventing radical chain reactions from beginning.

  • azide synthesis

    A method for preparing primary amines that avoids the formation of secondary and tertiary amines.

  • Beer’s law

    The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of its extinction coefficient 1e2, the path length through which the light passes (b), and the molar concentration of the substance (c): A = ebc. (Section 14.2)

  • Betaine

    A neutral molecule with nonadjacent positive and negative charges. An example of a betaine is the intermediate formed by addition of a Wittig reagent to an aldehyde or ketone

  • carboxylic acid

    A compound that contains the ¬COOH functional group. (Sections 16.10 and 24.4)

  • disaccharide

    Carbohydrates comprisedof two monosaccharide units joined via aglycosidic linkage between the anomeric carbonof one monosaccharide and a hydroxyl group ofthe other monosaccharide.

  • ester

    An organic compound that has an OR group attached to a carbonyl; it is the product of a reaction between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol. (Section 24.4)

  • gauche conformation

    A conformation that exhibits a gauche interaction.

  • Heat of combustion (DH0 )

    Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.

  • homolitic bond cleavage

    Bond breaking that results in the formation of unchanged species called radicals.

  • lanthanide contraction

    The gradual decrease in atomic and ionic radii with increasing atomic number among the lanthanide elements, atomic numbers 57 through 70. The decrease arises because of a gradual increase in effective nuclear charge through the lanthanide series. (Section 23.1)

  • Michael acceptor

    The electrophile in a Michael reaction.

  • periplanar

    A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are approximately coplanar.

  • rem

    A measure of the biological damage caused by radiation; rems = rads * RBE. (Section 21.9)

  • salinity

    A measure of the salt content of seawater, brine, or brackish water. It is equal to the mass in grams of dissolved salts present in 1 kg of seawater. (Section 18.3)

  • sigma 1S2 molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital that centers the electron density about an imaginary line passing through two nuclei. (Section 9.7)

  • SN2

    A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

  • substrate

    The starting alkyl halide in a substitution or elimination reaction.

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