- Chapter 6.1: What functional groups are present in each of these molecules? a. H...
- Chapter 6.2: Draw the Lewis dot structure and the structural formula for each of...
- Chapter 6.3: How many lone pairs are in each of these molecules? a. CO2 b. SiF4 ...
- Chapter 6.4: Draw at least two structural formulas for the molecular formula C3H6O
- Chapter 6.5: From what youve learned so far, how is molecular structure related ...
Solutions for Chapter Chapter 6: Speaking of Molecules
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
A compound that contains both an amino group and a carboxyl group
Instability that arises when a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals contains 4n p electrons.
Radical scavengers that prevent autooxidation by preventing radical chain reactions from beginning.
A method for preparing primary amines that avoids the formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of its extinction coefficient 1e2, the path length through which the light passes (b), and the molar concentration of the substance (c): A = ebc. (Section 14.2)
A neutral molecule with nonadjacent positive and negative charges. An example of a betaine is the intermediate formed by addition of a Wittig reagent to an aldehyde or ketone
A compound that contains the ¬COOH functional group. (Sections 16.10 and 24.4)
Carbohydrates comprisedof two monosaccharide units joined via aglycosidic linkage between the anomeric carbonof one monosaccharide and a hydroxyl group ofthe other monosaccharide.
An organic compound that has an OR group attached to a carbonyl; it is the product of a reaction between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol. (Section 24.4)
A conformation that exhibits a gauche interaction.
Heat of combustion (DH0 )
Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.
homolitic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of unchanged species called radicals.
The gradual decrease in atomic and ionic radii with increasing atomic number among the lanthanide elements, atomic numbers 57 through 70. The decrease arises because of a gradual increase in effective nuclear charge through the lanthanide series. (Section 23.1)
The electrophile in a Michael reaction.
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are approximately coplanar.
A measure of the biological damage caused by radiation; rems = rads * RBE. (Section 21.9)
A measure of the salt content of seawater, brine, or brackish water. It is equal to the mass in grams of dissolved salts present in 1 kg of seawater. (Section 18.3)
sigma 1S2 molecular orbital
A molecular orbital that centers the electron density about an imaginary line passing through two nuclei. (Section 9.7)
A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
The starting alkyl halide in a substitution or elimination reaction.