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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 45: Polar Molecules and Smell

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 45: Polar Molecules and Smell

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. Chapter Lesson 45: Polar Molecules and Smell includes 7 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 7 problems in chapter Lesson 45: Polar Molecules and Smell have been answered, more than 23266 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Carbon

    A carbon atom adjacent to a carbonyl group

  • Achiral

    An object that lacks chirality; an object that has no handedness

  • acidic anhydride (acidic oxide)

    An oxide that forms an acid when added to water; soluble nonmetal oxides are acidic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)

  • alcohol

    A compound that possesses a hydroxyl group (OH).

  • alkaline earth metals

    Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)

  • Carboxyl group (Section 1.3D)

    A !COOH group.

  • covalent bond

    A bond that results when two atoms share a pair of electrons.

  • Dielectric constant

    A measure of a solvent’s ability to insulate opposite charges from one another

  • directed aldol addition

    A techniquefor performing a crossed aldol addition thatproduces one major product.

  • electrostatic potential maps

    A three-dimensional, rainbowlike image used to visualize partial charges in a compound.

  • force

    A push or a pull. (Section 5.1)

  • formal charge

    A charge associated with any atom that does not exhibit the appropriate number of valence electrons.

  • Homotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give an achiral molecule when one of the groups is replaced by another group. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of propane, for example, are homotopic. Replacing either one of them with deuterium gives 2-deuteropropane, which is achiral. Homotopic groups have identical chemical shifts under all conditions

  • hydrolysis

    A reaction with water. When a cation or anion reacts with water, it changes the pH. (Sections 16.9 and 24.4)

  • optical isomerism

    A form of isomerism in which the two forms of a compound (stereoisomers) are nonsuperimposable mirror images. (Section 23.4)

  • osmosis

    The net movement of solvent through a semipermeable membrane toward the solution with greater solute concentration. (Section 13.5)

  • primitive lattice

    A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located only at the corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)

  • Protic solvent

    A solvent that is a hydrogen-bond donor. Common protic solvents are water, low-molecular-weight alcohols, and low-molecular weight carboxylic acids.

  • specific rotation

    For a chiral compound that is subjected to plane-polarized light, the observed rotation when a standard concentration (1 g/mL) and a standard path length (1 dm) are used.

  • Williamson ether synthesis

    A method for preparing an ether from an alkoxide ion and an alkyl halide (via an SN2 process).

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