- Chapter 9.1: How do you determine if two molecular models represent mirror-image...
- Chapter 9.2: Draw the structural formula for these molecules. Which have mirror-...
- Chapter 9.3: Explain how you could use your feet to show that the handedness of ...
- Chapter 9.4: What are amino acids and what purpose do they serve in your body?
- Chapter 9.5: Using the receptor site model, explain how a person can smell l-car...
Solutions for Chapter Chapter 9: Molecules in the Body
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.
The positions that are adjacent to the vinylic positions of a carboncarbon double bond.
A disordered, noncrystalline region in the solid state of a polymer.
Instability that arises when a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals contains 4n p electrons.
A thermodynamic cycle based on Hess’s law that relates the lattice energy of an ionic substance to its enthalpy of formation and to other measurable quantities. (Section 8.2)
A polydentate ligand that is capable of occupying two or more sites in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)
Dalton’s law of partial pressures.
The total pressure of a mixture of gases is just the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (5.6)
An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and OH.
The removal of salts from seawater, brine, or brackish water to make it fit for human consumption. (Section 18.4)
A graph showing the changes in energy that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis, and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis. Also called a reaction coordinate diagram
A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is lower than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an exergonic reaction favors products.
The lowest-energy, or most stable, state. (Section 6.3)
The equilibrium that is established between an enol and a ketone in either acid-catalyzed or basecatalyzed conditions.
The intermediateformed during oxymercuration.
A rule stating that the molecular ion of a compound with an odd number of nitrogen atoms has an odd m/z ratio; if zero or an even number of nitrogen atoms, the molecular ion has an even m/z ratio
Nonpolar covalent bond
A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is less than approximately 0.5.
Polymers made up of repeating urethane groups, also sometimes called carbamate groups (!N!CO2!).
An equation that relates the reaction rate to the concentrations of reactants (and sometimes of products also). (Section 14.3)
reaction quotient (Q)
The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with three p orbitals to form four hybridized atomic orbitals.