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Solutions for Chapter Chapter 9: Molecules in the Body

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 9: Molecules in the Body

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter Chapter 9: Molecules in the Body includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Since 5 problems in chapter Chapter 9: Molecules in the Body have been answered, more than 26779 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Activating group

    Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.

  • allylic

    The positions that are adjacent to the vinylic positions of a carboncarbon double bond.

  • Amorphous domain

    A disordered, noncrystalline region in the solid state of a polymer.

  • antiaromatic

    Instability that arises when a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals contains 4n p electrons.

  • Born–Haber cycle

    A thermodynamic cycle based on Hess’s law that relates the lattice energy of an ionic substance to its enthalpy of formation and to other measurable quantities. (Section 8.2)

  • chelating agent

    A polydentate ligand that is capable of occupying two or more sites in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)

  • Dalton’s law of partial pressures.

    The total pressure of a mixture of gases is just the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (5.6)

  • dehydration

    An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and OH.

  • desalination

    The removal of salts from seawater, brine, or brackish water to make it fit for human consumption. (Section 18.4)

  • Energy diagram

    A graph showing the changes in energy that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis, and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis. Also called a reaction coordinate diagram

  • Exergonic reaction

    A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is lower than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an exergonic reaction favors products.

  • ground state

    The lowest-energy, or most stable, state. (Section 6.3)

  • keto-enol tautomerization

    The equilibrium that is established between an enol and a ketone in either acid-catalyzed or basecatalyzed conditions.

  • mercurinium ion

    The intermediateformed during oxymercuration.

  • Nitrogen rule

    A rule stating that the molecular ion of a compound with an odd number of nitrogen atoms has an odd m/z ratio; if zero or an even number of nitrogen atoms, the molecular ion has an even m/z ratio

  • Nonpolar covalent bond

    A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is less than approximately 0.5.

  • polyurethanes

    Polymers made up of repeating urethane groups, also sometimes called carbamate groups (!N!CO2!).

  • rate law

    An equation that relates the reaction rate to the concentrations of reactants (and sometimes of products also). (Section 14.3)

  • reaction quotient (Q)

    The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)

  • sp3-hybridized orbitals

    Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with three p orbitals to form four hybridized atomic orbitals.

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