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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 53: Kelvin Scale

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 53: Kelvin Scale

Chapter Lesson 53: Kelvin Scale includes 12 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. Since 12 problems in chapter Lesson 53: Kelvin Scale have been answered, more than 23255 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Allylic substitution

    Any reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is substituted for another atom or group of atoms at an allylic carbon.

  • amide

    An organic compound that has an NR2 group attached to a carbonyl. (Section 24.4)

  • anion.

    An ion with a net negative charge. (2.5)

  • antibonding molecular orbital.

    A molecular orbital that is of higher energy and lower stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)

  • buffer capacity

    The amount of acid or base a buffer can neutralize before the pH begins to change appreciably. (Section 17.2)

  • carboxylic acid

    A compound that contains the ¬COOH functional group. (Sections 16.10 and 24.4)

  • chromophore

    In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the region of the molecule responsible for the absorption (the conjugated p system).

  • Conjugation

    A situation in which two multiple bonds are separated by a single bond. Alternatively, a series of overlapping 2p orbitals. 1,3-butadiene, for example, is a conjugated diene, and 3-butene-2-one is a conjugated enone

  • core electrons

    The electrons that are not in the outermost shell of an atom. (Section 6.8)

  • Double helix

    A type of secondary structure of DNA molecules in which two anti parallel polynucleotide strands are coiled in a right-handed manner about the same axis

  • electrometallurgy

    The use of electrolysis to reduce or refine metals. (Section 20.9)

  • Fourier transform NMR (FT-NMR)

    The modern NMR method that is based on a constant magnetic fi eld, a short pulse of electromagnetic radiation, and a mathematical Fourier transform to produce the spectrum

  • Gabriel synthesis

    A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.

  • hydroxyl group

    An OH group.

  • liquid crystal

    A substance that exhibits one or more partially ordered liquid phases above the melting point of the solid form. By contrast, in nonliquid crystalline substances the liquid phase that forms upon melting is completely unordered. (Section 11.7)

  • magic numbers

    Numbers of protons and neutrons that result in very stable nuclei. (Section 21.2)

  • mole

    A collection of Avogadro’s number 16.022 * 10232 of objects; for example, a mole of H2O is 6.022 * 1023 H2O molecules. (Section 3.4)

  • percent yield

    The ratio of the actual (experimental) yield of a product to its theoretical (calculated) yield, multiplied by 100. (Section 3.7)

  • regiochemistry

    A term describing a consideration that must be taken into account for a reaction in which two or more constitutional isomers can be formed.

  • Solvolysis

    A nucleophilic substitution in which the solvent is also the nucleophile

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