- Lesson 53.1: What is absolute zero? Why is it considered a hypothetical temperat...
- Lesson 53.2: What advantages does the Kelvin scale have over the Celsius scale?
- Lesson 53.3: How does the kinetic theory of gases explain temperature?
- Lesson 53.4: What are the freezing and boiling temperatures of water in degrees ...
- Lesson 53.5: Which unit is the smallest: one Celsius degree, one kelvin, or one ...
- Lesson 53.6: Would you describe each of these temperatures as warm, hot, or cold...
- Lesson 53.7: Convert each of the Kelvin temperatures in Exercise 6 to degrees Ce...
- Lesson 53.8: What do you think is the highest temperature that can be reached by...
- Lesson 53.9: Here are a few common temperatures on the Fahrenheit scale. Convert...
- Lesson 53.10: The temperature on the surface of Venus is 736 K. Convert this temp...
- Lesson 53.11: Choose the best answer. According to the kinetic theory of gases, p...
- Lesson 53.12: Use the kinetic theory of gases to explain why gases expand upon he...
Solutions for Chapter Lesson 53: Kelvin Scale
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
Any reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is substituted for another atom or group of atoms at an allylic carbon.
An organic compound that has an NR2 group attached to a carbonyl. (Section 24.4)
An ion with a net negative charge. (2.5)
antibonding molecular orbital.
A molecular orbital that is of higher energy and lower stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)
The amount of acid or base a buffer can neutralize before the pH begins to change appreciably. (Section 17.2)
A compound that contains the ¬COOH functional group. (Sections 16.10 and 24.4)
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the region of the molecule responsible for the absorption (the conjugated p system).
A situation in which two multiple bonds are separated by a single bond. Alternatively, a series of overlapping 2p orbitals. 1,3-butadiene, for example, is a conjugated diene, and 3-butene-2-one is a conjugated enone
The electrons that are not in the outermost shell of an atom. (Section 6.8)
A type of secondary structure of DNA molecules in which two anti parallel polynucleotide strands are coiled in a right-handed manner about the same axis
The use of electrolysis to reduce or refine metals. (Section 20.9)
Fourier transform NMR (FT-NMR)
The modern NMR method that is based on a constant magnetic fi eld, a short pulse of electromagnetic radiation, and a mathematical Fourier transform to produce the spectrum
A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
An OH group.
A substance that exhibits one or more partially ordered liquid phases above the melting point of the solid form. By contrast, in nonliquid crystalline substances the liquid phase that forms upon melting is completely unordered. (Section 11.7)
Numbers of protons and neutrons that result in very stable nuclei. (Section 21.2)
A collection of Avogadro’s number 16.022 * 10232 of objects; for example, a mole of H2O is 6.022 * 1023 H2O molecules. (Section 3.4)
The ratio of the actual (experimental) yield of a product to its theoretical (calculated) yield, multiplied by 100. (Section 3.7)
A term describing a consideration that must be taken into account for a reaction in which two or more constitutional isomers can be formed.
A nucleophilic substitution in which the solvent is also the nucleophile