- Chapter 11.1: Use the kinetic theory of gases to explain how temperature aff ects...
- Chapter 11.2: Explain why a weather balloon pops when it reaches a suffi ciently ...
- Chapter 11.3: A cylinder with a movable piston contains 26.5 L of air at a pressu...
- Chapter 11.4: A gas sample in a rigid container has a pressure of 3.0 atm at 350 ...
- Chapter 11.5: A sample of gas in a fl exible container has a volume of 7.5 L, a p...
Solutions for Chapter Chapter 11: Pressing Matter
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
An amino acid in which the amino group is on the carbon adjacent to the carboxyl group.
Naturally occurring amines isolated from plants.
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of approximately 180°.
Enantiomers that lack a chiral center and differ because of hindered rotation.
A theory that accounts for the colors and the magnetic and other properties of transition-metal complexes in terms of the splitting of the energies of metal ion d orbitals by the electrostatic interaction with the ligands. (Section 23.6)
An ionic compound that is formed upon treatment of a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.
In electrocyclicreactions, a type of rotation in which the orbitalsbeing used to form the new s bond must rotate in opposite directions (one rotates clockwise while the other rotates counterclockwise).
A special type of dipole-dipole interaction that occurs between an electronegative atom and a hydrogen atom that is connected to another electronegative atom.
A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)
lambda max (lmax)
In UVVis spectroscopy, the wavelength of maximum absorption.
Refers to a compound that rotates the plane of plane-polarized light
A bond formed between two amino acids. (Section 24.7)
Primary structure of proteins
The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain, read from the N-terminal amino acid to the C-terminal amino acid.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.
A compound such as a phenol that selectively reacts with radicals to remove them from a chain reaction and terminate the chain
radioactive decay chain
A series of nuclear reactions that begins with an unstable nucleus and terminates with a stable one. Also called nuclear disintegration series. (Section 21.2)
Hydrolysis of an ester in the presence of a base. (Section 24.4)
A solution in which undissolved solute and dissolved solute are in equilibrium. (Section 13.2)
sigma (s) bond
A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.
A hydrocarbon containing one or more carbon-carbon double or triple bonds. The three classes of unsaturated hydrocarbons are alkenes, alkynes, and arenes