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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 63: Pressure and Number Density

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 63: Pressure and Number Density

Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter Lesson 63: Pressure and Number Density includes 8 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Since 8 problems in chapter Lesson 63: Pressure and Number Density have been answered, more than 24808 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absolute temperature scale.

    A temperature scale that uses the absolute zero of temperature as the lowest temperature. (5.3)

  • bidentate ligand

    A ligand in which two linked coordinating atoms are bound to a metal. (Section 23.3)

  • branched polymer

    A polymer that contains a large number of branches connected to the main chain of the polymer.

  • combination reaction.

    A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)

  • elastomer

    A material that can undergo a substantial change in shape via stretching, bending, or compression and return to its original shape upon release of the distorting force. (Section 12.6)

  • electrophoresis

    A technique for separating amino acids from each other based on a difference in pI values.

  • fuel value

    The energy released when 1 g of a substance is combusted. (Section 5.8)

  • Gabriel synthesis

    A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.

  • Gibbs free energy change (DG°)

    The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.

  • hemiacetal

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) and an alkoxy group (OR) connected to the same carbon atom.

  • ignal splitting in NMR

    Spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei split NMR signals depending on the extent of coupling and the number of adjacent equivalent nuclei.

  • line spectrum

    A spectrum that contains radiation at only certain specific wavelengths. (Section 6.3)

  • pressure

    A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry, pressure is often expressed in units of atmospheres (atm) or torr: 760 torr = 1 atm; in SI units pressure is expressed in pascals (Pa). (Section 10.2)

  • proton

    A positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 2.3)

  • qualitative analysis

    The determination of the presence or absence of a particular substance in a mixture. (Section 17.7)

  • Reductive elimination

    Elimination of two substituents at a metal center, causing the oxidation state of the metal to decrease by two.

  • representative (main-group) element

    An element from within the s and p blocks of the periodic table (Figure 6.29). (Section 6.9)

  • retro Diels-Alder reaction

    The reverse of a Diels-Alder reaction, achieved at high temperature. A cyclohexene derivative is converted into a diene and a dienophile.

  • stretching

    In IR spectroscopy, atype of vibration that generally produces a signal in the diagnostic region of an IR spectrum.

  • trigonal planar

    A geometry adopted by an atom with a steric number of 3. All three groups lie in one plane and are separated by 120°.

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