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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 79: Comparing Amounts

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 79: Comparing Amounts

Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. Chapter Lesson 79: Comparing Amounts includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 5 problems in chapter Lesson 79: Comparing Amounts have been answered, more than 23427 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • aldol addition reaction

    A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.

  • Aramid

    A polyaromatic amide; a polymer in which the monomer units are an aromatic diamine and an aromatic dicarboxylic acid

  • bicyclic

    A structure containing two rings that are fused together.

  • boat conformation

    A conformation of cyclohexane in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and many hydrogen atoms are eclipsing each other.

  • Bonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electrons have a lower energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals

  • carboxylic acids.

    Acids that contain the carboxyl group —COOH. (24.4)

  • cephalins

    Phosphoglycerides that contain ethanolamine.

  • chlorohydrin

    A compound containing a Cl group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.

  • Crown ether

    A cyclic polyether derived from ethylene glycol and substituted ethylene glycols.

  • dextrorotatory, or merely dextro or d

    A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the right (clockwise). (Section 23.4)

  • electrolysis reaction

    A reaction in which a nonspontaneous redox reaction is brought about by the passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. The devices in which electrolysis reactions occur are called electrolytic cells. (Section 20.9)

  • elimination (of radicals)

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.

  • exothermic

    Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).

  • fission

    The splitting of a large nucleus into two smaller ones. (Section 21.6)

  • hybridization

    The mixing of different types of atomic orbitals to produce a set of equivalent hybrid orbitals. (Section 9.5)

  • lambda max (lmax)

    In UVVis spectroscopy, the wavelength of maximum absorption.

  • oxidation state

    A method of electron book-keeping in which all bonds are treated as if they were purely ionic.

  • Pericyclic reaction

    A reaction that takes place in a single step, without intermediates, and involves a cyclic redistribution of bonding electrons

  • stereoselective

    A reaction in which one substrate produces two stereoisomers in unequal amounts.

  • syn-coplanar

    A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 0°.

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