- Lesson 79.1: What evidence shows that aspartame is sweeter than fructose?
- Lesson 79.2: What evidence shows that it would be diffi cult to exceed the letha...
- Lesson 79.3: There are 25 mg of caff eine, C8H10N4O2, in a can of regular soft d...
- Lesson 79.4: The LD50 for saccharin, C7H5NO3S, is 14.2 g/kg. If you have 1 mol o...
- Lesson 79.5: Write an argument for or against the use of artifi cial sweeteners....
Solutions for Chapter Lesson 79: Comparing Amounts
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
aldol addition reaction
A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.
A polyaromatic amide; a polymer in which the monomer units are an aromatic diamine and an aromatic dicarboxylic acid
A structure containing two rings that are fused together.
A conformation of cyclohexane in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and many hydrogen atoms are eclipsing each other.
Bonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electrons have a lower energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals
Acids that contain the carboxyl group —COOH. (24.4)
Phosphoglycerides that contain ethanolamine.
A compound containing a Cl group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.
A cyclic polyether derived from ethylene glycol and substituted ethylene glycols.
dextrorotatory, or merely dextro or d
A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the right (clockwise). (Section 23.4)
A reaction in which a nonspontaneous redox reaction is brought about by the passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. The devices in which electrolysis reactions occur are called electrolytic cells. (Section 20.9)
elimination (of radicals)
In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.
Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).
The splitting of a large nucleus into two smaller ones. (Section 21.6)
The mixing of different types of atomic orbitals to produce a set of equivalent hybrid orbitals. (Section 9.5)
lambda max (lmax)
In UVVis spectroscopy, the wavelength of maximum absorption.
A method of electron book-keeping in which all bonds are treated as if they were purely ionic.
A reaction that takes place in a single step, without intermediates, and involves a cyclic redistribution of bonding electrons
A reaction in which one substrate produces two stereoisomers in unequal amounts.
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 0°.