- Lesson 81.1: How can two solutions with diff erent volumes have the same concent...
- Lesson 81.2: How can you fi gure out how many moles of solute you have in a solu...
- Lesson 81.3: Draw molecular views for blue dye solutions that are 0.50 M, 0.25 M...
- Lesson 81.4: What portion of 1.0 L of 0.50 M blue dye solution has the same numb...
- Lesson 81.5: Glucose and sucrose are two diff erent types of sugar. Consider the...
- Lesson 81.6: How many moles of sodium cations, Na1, are dissolved in a 1.0 L sam...
- Lesson 81.7: Draw particle views for 1.0 M NaCl, 2.0 M NaCl, and 1.0 M Na2S. Use...
- Lesson 81.8: Determine the number of moles of solute in each of these aqueous so...
- Lesson 81.9: How many liters of each solution do you need to get 3.0 mol HCl? a....
Solutions for Chapter Lesson 81: Molecular Views
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
A hydrocarbon that lacks p bonds.
Particles that are identical to helium-4 nuclei, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, symbol 4 2He or 4 2a. (Section 21.1)
A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable materials than it uses. (19.5)
A polyhydroxyaldehyde, a polyhydroxyketone, or a substance that gives these compounds on hydrolysis.
A derivative of a carboxylic acid in which H of the carboxyl group is replaced by a carbon.
A nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction in which the nucleophile is an ester enolate and the electrophile is an ester.
Atoms that lie in the same plane.
A polymer in which neighboring chains are linked together, for example, by disulfide bonds.
crystal field splitting (D).
The energy difference between two sets of d orbitals in a metal atom when ligands are present. (23.5)
cubic close packing
A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as close as possible, and the close-packed layers of atoms adopt a three-layer repeating pattern that leads to a face-centered cubic unit cell. (Section 12.3)
dissolving metal reduction
A reaction in which an alkyne is converted into a trans alkene.
A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.
A chain comprised of a small number of amino acid residues.
pi 1P2 molecular orbital
A molecular orbital that concentrates the electron density on opposite sides of an imaginary line that passes through the nuclei. (Section 9.8)
A reaction in which a compound undergoes a decrease in oxidation state.
solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2
An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)
Groups that strongly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly enhancing the rate of the reaction.
In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching in phase with each other.
The difference in energy between staggered and eclipsed conformations (for example, in ethane).
An excellent leaving group (OTs). transition state (Sect. 6.6): A state through which a reaction passes. On an energy diagram, a transition state corresponds with a local maximum.