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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 81: Molecular Views

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 81: Molecular Views

Since 9 problems in chapter Lesson 81: Molecular Views have been answered, more than 23384 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. Chapter Lesson 81: Molecular Views includes 9 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkane

    A hydrocarbon that lacks p bonds.

  • alpha particles

    Particles that are identical to helium-4 nuclei, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, symbol 4 2He or 4 2a. (Section 21.1)

  • breeder reactor.

    A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable materials than it uses. (19.5)

  • Carbohydrate

    A polyhydroxyaldehyde, a polyhydroxyketone, or a substance that gives these compounds on hydrolysis.

  • Carboxylic ester

    A derivative of a carboxylic acid in which H of the carboxyl group is replaced by a carbon.

  • Claisen condensation

    A nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction in which the nucleophile is an ester enolate and the electrophile is an ester.

  • coplanar

    Atoms that lie in the same plane.

  • crossed-linked polymer

    A polymer in which neighboring chains are linked together, for example, by disulfide bonds.

  • crystal field splitting (D).

    The energy difference between two sets of d orbitals in a metal atom when ligands are present. (23.5)

  • cubic close packing

    A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as close as possible, and the close-packed layers of atoms adopt a three-layer repeating pattern that leads to a face-centered cubic unit cell. (Section 12.3)

  • dissolving metal reduction

    A reaction in which an alkyne is converted into a trans alkene.

  • ionic reaction

    A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.

  • peptide

    A chain comprised of a small number of amino acid residues.

  • pi 1P2 molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital that concentrates the electron density on opposite sides of an imaginary line that passes through the nuclei. (Section 9.8)

  • reduction

    A reaction in which a compound undergoes a decrease in oxidation state.

  • solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2

    An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)

  • strong activators

    Groups that strongly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly enhancing the rate of the reaction.

  • symmetric stretching

    In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching in phase with each other.

  • torsional strain

    The difference in energy between staggered and eclipsed conformations (for example, in ethane).

  • tosylate

    An excellent leaving group (OTs). transition state (Sect. 6.6): A state through which a reaction passes. On an energy diagram, a transition state corresponds with a local maximum.

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